Are there any circumstances when a criminal case can be disposed off without full trial?

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Privy Counci

Normally, once the cognizance has been taken, the case proceeds and after full trial, results in conviction, acquittal or discharge of the accused. However, there are circumstances when it is not desirable to adopt the course of full trial. In some situations, the further trial becomes impossible or infructuous. These circumstances and situations when a… Read more »

Is there limitation for entertaining a case against a person?

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Privy Counci

The period of limitation is different for different types of offences. The period of limitation is – 6 months, if the offence is punishable with fine only. 1 year, if the offence is punishable with term up to 1 year. 3 years, if the offence is punishable with imprisonment of more than 1 year but… Read more »

Is there any provision in law for compensating the victim of an offence?

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Yes. Under Section 357(3) of Code of Criminal Procedure, if the court convicts the accused and imposes a sentence of imprisonment on him, the court can order in the judgment for the accused to pay specific amount as compensation to the person who has suffered any loss or injury due to the act for which… Read more »

What is Section 330 in criminal laws?

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Section 330: Voluntarily causing hurt to extort confession, or to compel restoration of property Whoever – voluntarily – causes hurt (i) for the purpose of extorting from the sufferer or from any person interested in the sufferer, – any confession or any information which may lead to the detection of an offence or misconduct, or… Read more »

What is Section 210 in criminal laws?

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Section 210: Fraudulently obtaining decree for sum not due Whoever Fraudulently obtains a decree/order against any person For a sum not due, or – for a larger sum than is due, or For any property or interest in property to which he is not entitled, OR Fraudulently causes any decree/order to be executed against any… Read more »

What is Section 209 in criminal laws?

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Section 209 : Dishonestly making false claim in court : Whoever – fraudulently, or – dishonestly, or – with intent to injure any person, or – with intent to annoy any person – makes any claim in a court – which he knows to be false then he is liable to be punished with upto… Read more »

What is Section 182 in criminal laws?

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Section 182 : False information with intent to cause public servant to use his lawful power to the injury of another person : Whoever gives to any public servant – any information – which that person knows or believes to be false, – intending thereby to cause, or – knowing it to be likely that… Read more »

Under what circumstances screening the offender from punishment is punishable?

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Privy Counci

Sometimes, the police or the other Govt. servants or any other person misuse their powers and try to protect/save the actual offender. It is a great set back to the victim and the victim’s family. However, there is a remedy. A case can be instituted under the following sections of IPC against such officers/persons through FIR… Read more »

Is there any punishment for giving false evidence in affidavit or for fabricating false evidence for the purpose of falsely convicting others?

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Yes. A person is said to ‘give false evidence’ if he makes a statement on oath, orally or in writing, which he either knows/believes to be false or which he does not believe to be true. A person is said to ‘fabricate false evidence’ who : – causes any circumstance to exist, or – makes… Read more »