What are the Environment Authorities to check pollution in the country?

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Environment Authorities are following – There are following Environmental Authorities have been constituted under the Environment (Protection) Act 1986. These are – The Central Ground Water Authority – Aqua Culture Authority Dahanu Taluka Environment (Protection) Authority Environment Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority for National Capital Region of Delhi Loss of Ecology (Prevention and Payment of Compensation) Authority for State… Read more »

What is meant by Command and Control approach towards pollution control?

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Command and control refers to the present “Top down” approach under which the entire pollution control dispensation is prescribed from above. Prescriptions are in the form of orders which all are obliged to comply with. There is no scope for a bottom up approach under which each polluting unit can be given individual set of… Read more »

Who prescribes the standards for pollution control?

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The standards are prescribed by the Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India, which are minimum uniform national standards, which can not be relaxed by any Authority including SPCBs and Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, which can prescribe more stringent standards than whatever laid down by the MoEF, GoI, taking into consideration the local conditions…. Read more »

What is National Environmental Tribunal Act of 1995?

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This has been created to award compensation for damages to persons, property and the environment arising from any activity involving hazardous substances. Environmental law means the laws that regulate the impact of human activities on the environment. Environmental law covers a broad range of activities that affect air, water, land, flora or fauna. It includes laws… Read more »

Besides command and control, what other approaches are in practice to prevent and control pollution?

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In certain countries market based instruments have either replaced command and control or practiced in-conjunction with command and control. In this situation, there is possibility of one unit trading its waste load with another unit. However, under the Indian situation as yet command and control reigns supreme with some scope for economic instruments. The industries… Read more »

What is the purpose behind laying down standards for pollution control?

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The idea behind laying down standards is basically due to the realization that minimal pollution is rather inevitable in the production process. The environment has the capacity to absorb the minimal amount of pollution without any serious adverse impact. However, if this exceeds a certain limit, then the damage to environment cannot be avoided. The… Read more »

What can a citizen do to prevent and control pollution?

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A citizen can do much by adopting a code of conduct for himself as per various Environmental Laws and Rules passed by the Central and State Governments to desist from all activity which may pollute the environment. He can also bring to the notice of the authorities including MPCB about the violation of laws meant… Read more »

Is pollution a necessary price that we have to pay for achieving development?

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No. The laws stipulate that all development should be carried out with minimal occurrence of pollution. Technologies are available for controlling pollution as per the norms prescribed for different processes. Therefore, the perception that pollution is the price for securing fast development is erroneous. However, if necessary steps are not taken by the polluting unit,… Read more »

What are the responsibilities of polluting industry to prevent and control pollution?

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Permission like consent and or Environmental Clearance or CRZ clearance need to be obtained before setting up of an industrial unit and Consent/Authorization are mandatory before starting of the production. Running a polluting industry without the mandatory clearances is an offence and such unit will be liable to face stringent actions like closure and prosecution…. Read more »