What are the general functions of most environmental laws?

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environment

The general functions of most environmental laws are – Set offences and penalties for causing harm to the environment which is not authorised Assess, control or stop certain activities (such as land use and development) before they are carried out Set policies and standards for how activities will be controlled and how environmental decisions and… Read more »

What are the objects of environment protection Act 1986?

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environment

An Act 1956 to provide for the protection and improvement of environment and for matters connected there with: WHEREAS the decisions were taken at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in June, 1972, in which India participated, to take appropriate steps for the protection and improvement of human environment; AND… Read more »

What do you mean by ‘A’ Category and ‘B’ Category projects/ activities?

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environment

(i) All projects and activities are broadly categorized in to two categories – Category A and Category B, based on the spatial extent of potential impacts and potential impacts on human health and natural and man made resources. (ii) All projects or activities included as Category ‘A’ in the Schedule, including expansion and modernization of… Read more »

What is environmental protection Act 1986?

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environment

An Act to provide for the protection and improvement of environment and for matters connected there with. WHEREAS the decisions where taken at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in June, 1972, in which India participated, to take appropriate steps for the protection and improvement of human environment. AND WHEREAS… Read more »

What are the legislative reforms in national environment Policy 2006?

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environment

A judicious mix of civil and criminal processes and sanctions will be employed in the legal regime for enforcement, through a review of the existing legislation. The policy calls for identification of the emerging areas for new legislation, due to better scientific understanding, economic and social development, and development of multilateral environmental regimes, in line… Read more »

What are the requirements that are to be fulfilled under the E.P.A. by persons carrying on any industry, operation etc.?

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environment

According to Section 7, no person carrying on any indsutry, operation or process shall discharge or emit or permit to be discharged or emitted any environmental pollutants in excess of such standards as may be prescribed. Critically polluted areas have been identified The Central Pollution Control Board in consultation with State Pollution Control Boards has… Read more »

What are the sources of fund for the Central and State Pollution Control Boards ?

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law

The Central Pollution Control Board is fully funded by the Central Ministry of Environment & Forests. The State Pollution Control Boards receive funds from the concerned State Governments and from the Central Ministry of Environment & Forests through reimbursement of Water Cess (upto 80%) collected by the respective State Boards. In addition, the State Boards… Read more »

What are the programmes taken up for Industrial Pollution Control?

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environment

The programmes covering direct control of effluents/ emissions, and hazardous wastes from the industries taken up are as follows: Industrial Pollution Control along the river Ganga, Pollution Control in 17 Categories of major polluting industries, Industrial pollution control along the rivers and lakes, Pollution Control in Problem Areas, and Surprise inspection of polluting industries Environmental… Read more »

What is the legal liabilities in the National Environment Policy 2006?

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Privy Counci

The environmental redressal mechanism based on doctrines of criminal liability, have not proved sufficiently effective, and need to be supplemented. The policy adopts the civil liability for environmental damage that would deter environmentally harmful actions, and compensate the victims of environmental damage. The alternatives to Civil Liability may also apply viz. Fault Based liability and… Read more »

What are the principles of National Environment Policy 2006?

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environment

Principles of National Environment Policy 2006 The Policy evolved from the recognition that only such development is sustainable, which respects ecological constraints, and the imperatives of justice. The Objectives stated above are to be realized through various strategic interventions by different public authorities at Central, State, and Local Government levels. They would also be the… Read more »