What are the provisions for environmental protection?

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The Indian Penal Code has a chapter on offences affecting Public Health, Safety, Convenience (Chapter XIV). Sec. 268 provides that “a person is guilty of a public nuisance who does any act or is guilty of an illegal omission which causes any common injury, danger or annoyance to the public or to the people in… Read more »

According to Section 2(a) of the Environmental Protection Act 1986, what are includes in Environment?

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According to Section 2(a) of the Environmental Protection Act, 1986, Environment includes following – a) Water, air and land b) The inter-relationship which exists among and between, i) water, air, land, and ii) human beings, other living creatures, plants, microorganisms and property. Environmental law means the laws that regulate the impact of human activities on the… Read more »

What are the general functions of most environmental laws?

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The general functions of most environmental laws are – Set offences and penalties for causing harm to the environment which is not authorised Assess, control or stop certain activities (such as land use and development) before they are carried out Set policies and standards for how activities will be controlled and how environmental decisions and… Read more »

What are included in Environmental Laws?

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Environmental law means the laws that regulate the impact of human activities on the environment. Environmental law covers a broad range of activities that affect air, water, land, flora or fauna. It includes laws that relate to: Protection of animals and plants. It includes laws that relate to: Protection of animals and plants Planning for the… Read more »

What is National Environmental Tribunal Act of 1995?

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This has been created to award compensation for damages to persons, property and the environment arising from any activity involving hazardous substances. Environmental law means the laws that regulate the impact of human activities on the environment. Environmental law covers a broad range of activities that affect air, water, land, flora or fauna. It includes laws… Read more »

What are the fees applicable and where and how it should be paid in Maharashtra?

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The fees for consent under Water & Air Act are payable on the capital investment of the industry (Including land, building and machinery without depreciation). This information is available in the consent/authorisation procedure section of this website. The industries can also pay fees for longer period up to 5 terms for consent to Operate. The… Read more »

What are the types of consent?

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There are three types of consent issued under the provisions of Water (P & CP) Act 1974 and Air (P & CP) Act, 1981. Consent to Establish – All the industries and activities needing consent must obtain consent to establish before actual commencement of the works for establishing the industry/activity. Consent to Operate – This consent needs… Read more »

What are the requirements that are to be fulfilled under the E.P.A. by persons carrying on any industry, operation etc.?

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According to Section 7, no person carrying on any indsutry, operation or process shall discharge or emit or permit to be discharged or emitted any environmental pollutants in excess of such standards as may be prescribed. Critically polluted areas have been identified The Central Pollution Control Board in consultation with State Pollution Control Boards has… Read more »

What are the sources of fund for the Central and State Pollution Control Boards ?

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The Central Pollution Control Board is fully funded by the Central Ministry of Environment & Forests. The State Pollution Control Boards receive funds from the concerned State Governments and from the Central Ministry of Environment & Forests through reimbursement of Water Cess (upto 80%) collected by the respective State Boards. In addition, the State Boards… Read more »

What are the programmes taken up for Industrial Pollution Control?

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The programmes covering direct control of effluents/ emissions, and hazardous wastes from the industries taken up are as follows: Industrial Pollution Control along the river Ganga, Pollution Control in 17 Categories of major polluting industries, Industrial pollution control along the rivers and lakes, Pollution Control in Problem Areas, and Surprise inspection of polluting industries Environmental… Read more »