What are the details to give when filing an FIR?

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If you are a victim or witness of a crime give clear descriptions of all that you experienced, saw or remember. If you are filing an FIR for a crime that you have second hand knowledge of, then report exactly what you were told or what you heard. Information should never be exaggerated or false…. Read more »

What to do if the police refuse to register an fir?

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If police refuse to register your FIR, you can make a complaint to a higher ranking officer such as the Superintendent of Police (SP), the Deputy Inspector General (DIG) or the Inspector General of Police (IGP). You can also complain to the nearest judicial magistrate, who will order the police to register the FIR if… Read more »

What happens once an fir has been registered?

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Once an FIR has been filed the police are legally bound to start investigating the case. The process of investigation includes, but is not limited to, collecting evidence, questioning witnesses,  inspecting the crime scene, forensic testing, recording statements and so on.  If the criminals are found, the police will make arrests. Once the investigation has… Read more »

What is the law for Arrest?

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Arrest means apprehension of a person by legal authority resulting in deprivation of his liberty. For instance, when a policeman apprehends a pick pocket, he is arresting the pickpocket; but when a dacoit apprehends a person with a view to extract ransom, the dacoit is not arresting the person but wrongfully confining him. Arrest of… Read more »

What are the powers of the police to interrogate a person?

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The police officer can require the attendance of the person, who appears to be acquainted with the facts and circumstances in relation to the commission of an offence, to appear before him. The person has to answer the questions that may be put to him, but is not bound to answer such questions that have… Read more »

What are the limitations on filing an FIR?

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An FIR can only be filed for a cognisable crime. In the event someone is trying to file an FIR for a crime that falls in the non-cognisable category it is the duty of the police to listen to them, enter the matter in their daily register or dairy, give the person a signed copy… Read more »

What is the meaning of the taking cognizance?

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The term ‘taking cognizance’ has not been defined in Code of Criminal Procedure. When any Magistrate takes cognizance under section 190 (1) (a) Cr.P.C., he must not only have applied his mind to the contents of the petition, but he must have done so for the purpose of proceeding in a particular way as per… Read more »

Whether the complainant is entitled to get the copy of FIR free of charges?

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Yes, complainant is entitled to get a copy of FIR, free of charges. F.I.R. means First Information Report, made to police, about commission of a cognizable offence, In effect, it amounts to putting law in to motion by giving information relating to the commission of a cognizable offence to an officer in charge of a… Read more »

What are the benefits of early recording of FIR?

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The FIR should be got recorded as early as possible, after the offence in questions. The early recording of FIR helps in the arrest of the real offenders and also helps in the collection of evidence of the crime. The version given in the FIR recorded without undue delay is considered more reliable by the… Read more »