There are four main ways of protecting a geographical indication abroad –
- In general, in order to protect a GI in their territory, many jurisdictions require that the GI already be protected in its country of origin. Once a GI is protected in its country of origin, it would be possible to seek its protection in other jurisdictions under the means of protection available in those jurisdictions.
- Bilateral agreements are typically concluded between two countries on the basis of reciprocity. They may be limited to certain economic sectors or products, e.g. wine and spirit drinks, or form part of a wider trade agreement.
- The Lisbon System offers a means of obtaining protection for an appellation of origin already protected in one member state in the territories of all other members. This can be done through a single registration called “an international registration”.
- To avoid filing trademark applications in each and every country where protection is sought.