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Is pollution a necessary price that we have to pay for achieving development?

Is pollution a necessary price that we have to pay for achieving development?

No. The laws stipulate that all development should be carried out with minimal occurrence of pollution. Technologies are available for controlling pollution as per the norms prescribed for different processes. Therefore, the perception that pollution is the price for securing fast development is erroneous.

However, if necessary steps are not taken by the polluting unit, as per the principles laid down by the Honorable Supreme Court of India, the polluter is required to pay the cost of pollution caused by him by not taking anti-pollution measures.

The important Environmental Laws in the country
  • Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974;
  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981,
  • Cess Act, 1977, – Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and Rules there under
  • Public Liability Insurance Act, 1981,
  • National Environmental Tribunal Act, 1995
  • National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997

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