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What are included in Environmental Laws?

What are included in Environmental Laws?

Environmental law means the laws that regulate the impact of human activities on the environment. Environmental law covers a broad range of activities that affect air, water, land, flora or fauna. It includes laws that relate to: Protection of animals and plants. It includes laws that relate to:

  • Protection of animals and plants
  • Planning for the use and development of land
  • Mining, exploration and extractive industries
  • Forestry
  • Pollution
  • Fisheries
  • Land and fire management
  • Agriculture and farming
  • Waste management
  • Climate change and emissions
  • Water resource management (lakes, wetlands, rivers and oceans)
  • Chemicals and pesticides
  • Weeds and invasive species
  • Marine life
  • Conservation of natural and cultural heritage

The importance of environment law are following –

  • Water (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1974;
  • Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act, 1981,
  • Cess Act, 1977, – Environment (Protection) Act, 1986 and Rules there under
  • Public Liability Insurance Act, 1981,
  • National Environmental Tribunal Act, 1995
  • National Environment Appellate Authority Act, 1997

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