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What are the classification of labour laws in India?

What are the classification of labour laws in India?

Labour Laws may be classified under the following heads –

I. Laws related to Industrial Relations such as-

1. Trade Unions Act, 1926

2. Industrial Employment Standing Order Act, 1946.

3. Industrial Disputes Act, 1947.

II. Laws related to Wages such as:

4. Payment of Wages Act, 1936

5. Minimum Wages Act, 1948

6. Payment of Bonus Act, 1965.

7. Working Journalists (Fixation of Rates of Wages Act, 1958

III. Laws related to Working Hours, Conditions of Service and Employment such as:

8. Factories Act, 1948.

9. Plantation Labour Act, 1951.

10. Mines Act, 1952.

11. Working Journalists and other Newspaper Employees’ (Conditions of Service and Misc. Provisions) Act, 1955.

12. Merchant Shipping Act, 1958.

13. Motor Transport Workers Act, 1961. 28

14. Beedi & Cigar Workers (Conditions of Employment) Act, 1966.

15. Contract Labour (Regulation & Abolition) Act, 1970.

16. Sales Promotion Employees Act, 1976.

17. Inter-State Migrant Workmen (Regulation of Employment and Conditions of Service) Act, 1979.

18. Dock Workers (Safety, Health & Welfare) Act, 1986.

19. Building & Other Construction Workers (Regulation of Employment & Conditions of Service) Act, 1996.

20. Building and Other Construction Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1996

21. Cine-Workers and Cinema Theatre Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1981

22. Dangerous Machines (Regulation) Act, 1983

23. Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) Act, 1948

24. Dock Workers (Regulation of Employment) (Inapplicability to Major Ports) Act, 1997

25. Employment of Manual Scavengers and Construction of Dry Latrines (Prohibition) Act, 1993

26. Industrial Employment (Standing Orders) Act, 1946

27. Mines and Mineral (Development and Regulation Act, 1957

28. Plantation Labour Act, 1951

29. Private Security Agencies (Regulation) Act, 2005

IV. Laws related to Equality and Empowerment of Women such as:

30. Maternity Benefit Act, 1961

31. Equal Remuneration Act, 1976.

V. Laws related to Deprived and Disadvantaged Sections of the Society such as:

32. Bonded Labour System (Abolition) Act, 1976

33. Child Labour (Prohibition & Regulation) Act, 1986

34. Children (Pledging of Labour) Act, 1933

VI. Laws related to Social Security such as:

35. Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923.

36. Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948.

37. Employees’ Provident Fund & Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952.

38. Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972.

39. Employers’ Liability Act, 1938

40. Beedi Workers Welfare Cess Act, 1976

41. Beedi Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1976

42. Cine workers Welfare Cess Act, 1981

43. Cine Workers Welfare Fund Act, 1981

44. Fatal Accidents Act, 1855

45. Iron Ore Mines, Manganese Ore Mines and Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Cess Act, 1976

46. Iron Ore Mines, Manganese Ore Mines and Chrome Ore Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1976

47. Limestone and Dolomite Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1972

48. Mica Mines Labour Welfare Fund Act, 1946 29

49. Personal Injuries (Compensation Insurance) Act, 1963

50. Personal Injuries (Emergency Provisions) Act, 1962

51. Unorganised Workers’ Social Security Act, 2008


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