These are the essentials of an F.I.R. –
- What information has come to convey.
- In what capacity.
- Who committed crime.
- Whom against crime committed.
- When (Time)
- Why (Motive)
- Which way (actual occurrence)
- What was taken away.
- What traces were left by the accused.
The report pertaining to occurrence of a cognizable offence, received at the Police Station is called First Information Report, popularly known as FIR. Since it is the first information about the cognizable offence, it is called First Information report.
On receipt of this information police registers the report in a FIR Register and begins the investigation of the crime. Is the complainant entitled to a free copy of the FIR? Yes, definitely. As per Criminal Procedure Code (Cr.PC) it is mandatory on the part of police to provide a copy of the FIR, free of cost to the complainant.