Following are the functions of the state pollution control boards –
- To advise the State Government on matter relating to pollution and on siting of industries
- To plan programme for pollution control;
- To collect and disseminate information;
- To carry our inspection;
- To lay down effluent and emission standards;
- To issue consent to industries and other activities for compliance of prescribed emission and effluent standards.
The Environment (Protection) Act was enacted in 1986 with the objective of providing for the protection and improvement of the environment. It empowers the Central Government to establish authorities [under section 3(3)] charged with the mandate of preventing environmental pollution in all its forms and to tackle specific environmental problems that are peculiar to different parts of the country. The Act was last amended in 1991.
Environment Authorities :
In addition to Pollution Control Boards, 6 Environmental Authorities have been constituted under the Environment (Protection) Act 1986, including the National Environment Appellate Authority. These are :