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What are the key policies relating to the environment in India?

What are the key policies relating to the environment in India?

There are three key policies relating to environmental protection in India. They are:

  • The National Forest Policy, 1988
  • Policy statement for Abatement of Pollution, 1992
  • National Conservation Strategy and Policy Statement on Environment and Development, 1992.

National Environment Policy 2006 is a response to our national commitment to a clean environment, mandated in the Constitution in Articles 48 A and 51 A (g), (DPSP) strengthened by judicial interpretation of Article 21.

It is recognized that the maintenance of the Healthy environment is not the responsibility of the state alone. It is the responsibility of every Citizen and thus a spirit of partnership is to be realized through the environment Management of the country.

According to Section 2(a) of the Environmental Protection Act, 1986, ‘Environment’ includes
a) Water, air and land
b) The inter-relationship which exists among and between,
i) water, air, land, and
ii) human beings, other living creatures, plants, microorganisms and property.


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