Under the Constitution of India, Labour is a subject in the Concurrent List where both the Central & State Governments are competent to enact legislation subject to certain matters being reserved for the Centre.
Some of the important Labour Acts, which are applicable for carrying out business in India are: –
- Shops & Establishments Act (Of respective states)
- Factories Act, 1948
- Employees’ Provident Fund and Miscellaneous Provisions Act, 1952
- Employees’ State Insurance Act, 1948
- Workmen’s Compensation Act, 1923
- Maternity Benefit Act, 1961
- Payment of Gratuity Act, 1972 – Minimum Wages Act
- Payment of Bonus Act 1965
- Contract Labour [Regulation & Abolition] Act 1970
- Payment of Wages Act, 1936 Table.
Indian labour law refer to laws regulating labour in India. Traditionally Indian governments at federal and state level have sought to ensure a high degree of protection for workers, but in practice, legislative rights only cover a minority of workers. India is a federal form of government and because labour is a subject in the concurrent list of the Indian Constitution, labour matters are in the jurisdiction of both central and state governments. Both central and state governments have enacted laws on labour relations and employment issues.