Part II of The Arbitration and Conciliation Act, 1996, Chapter 1 deals with New York Convention Awards. Unless the context otherwise requires, ‘foreign award’ means an award on differences between persons arising out of legal relationships, whether contractual or not, considered as commercial under the law enforced in India, made on or after 11th October, 1960 –
(a) in pursuance of an agreement in writing for arbitration to which the Convention set forth in the First Schedule applies, and
(b) in one of such territories as the Central Government, being satisfied that reciprocal provisions have been made may, by notification in the Official Gazette, declare to the territories to which the said Convention applies. (Section 44).
The term ‘First Schedule’ refers to the New York Convention on the recognition and enforcement of foreign arbitral awards.