An appellation of origin means the geographical name of a country, region, or locality, which serves to designate a product originating therein, the quality and characteristics of which are due exclusively or essentially to the geographical environment, including natural and human factors.
All appellations of origin are geographical indications but not all geographical indications are appellations of origin. Appellation of origins are used on those goods which, along with being an indication of source, also signify the quality and the characteristics of the product which is due exclusively to the geographical environment.
For example, Roquefort cheese, which is said to taste the way it does because it is matured in a certain way in the caves of Roquefort is an appellation of origin and a geographical indication.
Geographical indications (GIs) means an indication which identifies goods as agricultural goods, natural goods or manufactured goods as originating or manufactured in the territory of a country or a region or locality in that territory where a given quality, reputation or other characteristics of such goods is essentially attributable to its geographical origin and in case where such goods are manufactured, goods one of the activities of either the production or of processing or preparation of the goods concerned takes place in such territory, region or locality as the case may be, place names are sometimes used to identify a product, for example: Champagne, scotch, Tequila and Roquefort Cheese.