There are two major objectives of an FIR –
- First is to obtain early information of an alleged criminal activity.
- Second objective is to make a complaint to the police to set the criminal law in motion.
FIR – A First Information Report (FIR) is a written document prepared by police organizations in Bangladesh, India, and Pakistan when they receive about the commission of a cognizable offence.
Importance of FIR –
An FIR is a very important document as it sets the process of criminal justice in motion. It is only after the FIR is registered in the police station that the police takes up investigation of the case.
Who can lodge an FIR?
Anyone who knows about the commission of a cognizable offence can file an FIR. It is not necessary that only the victim of the crime should file an FIR. A police officer who comes to know about a cognizable offence can file an FIR himself/herself. You can file an FIR if:
- You are the person against whom the offence has been committed;
- You know yourself about an offence which has been committed;
- You have seen the offence being committed.