Difference between the laws enacted before and after independence with respect to environmental protection in India
There are about two hundred laws dealing with environmental protection both before and after independence in India. However, the pre-independence laws have not dealt with environmental protection exclusively.
For example, the Indian Penal Code (IPC), 1860, had a chapter (chapter XIV) which dealt with offences affecting public health, safety and convenience, which covered aspects like water, air and noise pollution, whereas the post-independence laws mentioned above deal exclusively with environmental protection.
Environment’ defined under The Indian Law –
According to Section 2(a) of the Environmental Protection Act, 1986, ‘Environment’ includes –
(a) Water, air and land
(b) The inter-relationship which exists among and between,
(i) water, air, land, and
(ii) human beings, other living creatures, plants, microorganisms and property.