Real estate law is a branch of civil law covering rights to possess, use, and enjoy land and the permanent manmade establishment attached to it. This also includes the capacity to hold interests in real property, permissible interests in real property, relations between owners, relations between owners and the community and that of the relation between landlord and tenant , the transfer of interests in real property, and real property financing, including deeds and mortgages.
Real estate transactions, such as purchases, sales, and leases, are governed by a wide body of national and state law. The requirements established by state law often differ from state to state.
Civil law is a branch of the law. In common law countries such as England, Wales, and the United States, the term refers to non-criminal law. The law relating to civil wrongs and quasi-contracts is part of the civil law. The law of property is embraced by civil law.