Prior to 1999 there was no specific legislation to regulate geographical indication. It was in the year 1999 that India in compliance with its obligation under TRIPS Agreement enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. This act seeks to provide for registration and better protection GIs relating to goods.
It excludes unauthorised persons from misusing GIs. This would protect the interest of producers, manufacturers and thereby consumer from being deceived by the falsity of geographical origin to economic prosperity of the producer of such goods and promote goods bearing GIs in export market.
Unless a geographical indication is protected in the country of its origin, there is no obligation under the agreement under Article 22 of the TRIPS Agreement on for other countries to extend reciprocal protection.
It is in this context that the act was enacted. The act provides registration in two parts Part A is related to the registration of GIs; Part B relates to the registration of authorised users/proprietors such as names, addresses and descriptions.