Any person who is victim of an offence or who is a witness to any such offence or who has knowledge about the commission of any such offence can lodge an F.I.R. A police officer who comes to know about a cognizable offence can file an FIR himself/herself.
You can file an FIR if –
- You are the person against whom the offence has been committed.
- You know yourself about an offence which has been committed.
- You have seen the offence being committed.
- Witnesses, if any.
F.I.R. means First Information Report, made to police, about commission of a cognizable offence, In effect, it amounts to putting law in to motion by giving information relating to the commission of a cognizable offence to an officer in charge of a police station, (which shall be reduced into writing and read over to the informant) and shall be signed by the person giving such information. It is mandatory to give a copy of the first information report (as recorded by police) to the complainant or informant free of cost.