These are provisions of the Criminal Procedure Code:- Sec.161 and 162 Cr.P.C. deal with recording of statements of witnesses by the Police.
The statements of the witnesses are not to be signed. Sec.173 Cr.P.C. states that after completion of investigation, the investigation officer shall forward a Police report to the jurisdictional magistrate giving the result of the investigation and further action to be taken.
Criminal law or penal law is the body of lawthat relates to crime. It regulates social conduct and proscribes whatever is threatening, harmful, or otherwise endangering to the property, health, safety, and moral welfare of people. It includes the punishment of people who violate these laws.
FIR stands for First Information Report. Whenever anybody reports about any crime which discloses cognizable offence then information is entered into a register whose Performa is as Performa no – 24.5 ( I ) of Punjab Police Rule.
It is the right of complainant to get an FIR registered if his complaint discloses any cognizable offence. It is the right of the complainant to get one copy of FIR free of cost, immediately from concerned police station. FIR can be registered either on written statement or verbal statement of complainant which is later reduced in writing by Police Officer and is signed by the complainant.