Yes. A person is said to ‘give false evidence’ if he makes a statement on oath, orally or in writing, which he either knows/believes to be false or which he does not believe to be true.
A person is said to ‘fabricate false evidence’ who :
– causes any circumstance to exist, or
– makes any false entry in any book/record, or
– makes any document containing a false statement – intending
– that such circumstance, false entry or false statement may appear
– in a judicial proceeding, or
– in a proceeding taken by law
– before a public servant as such, or
– before an arbitrator
– and that such circumstance, false entry or false statement so appearing in evidence may cause any person who in such proceeding is to form an opinion upon the evidence, to entertain an erroneous opinion touching any point material to the result of such proceeding.
Such a person giving false evidence or fabricating false evidence also includes a police officer or any other Govt. servant and thus, a case can be instituted against them also for such acts.