The Second Schedule of the I.D. Act deals with matters within the jurisdiction of Labour Courts which fall under the category of Rights Disputes. Such disputes are as follows:
- The propriety or legality of an order passed by an employer under the standing orders;
- The application and interpretation of standing orders which regulate conditions of employment.
- Discharge or dismissal of workmen including reinstatement of, or grant of relief to, workmen wrongfully dismissed;
- Withdrawal of any customary concession or privilege;
- Illegality or otherwise of a strike or lock-out; and
- .All matters other than those specified in the Third Schedule.
The Third Schedule of the I.D. Act deals with matters within the jurisdiction of Industrial Tribunals which could be classified as Interest Disputes. These are as follows:-
- Wages, including the period and mode of payment;
- Compensatory and other allowances;
- Hours of work and rest intervals;
- Leave with wages and holidays;
- Bonus, profit sharing, provident fund and gratuity;
- Shift working otherwise than in accordance with standing orders;
- Classification by grades;
- Rules of discipline;
- Retrenchment of workmen and closure of establishment; and
- Any other matter that may be prescribed.