The functions of Central Pollution Control Board are –
- Advise the Central Government on matters relating to pollution;
- Coordinate the activities of the State Boards;
- Provide Technical assistance to the State Boards, carry out and sponsor investigations and research relating to control of pollution;
- Plan and organize training of personnel;
- Collect, compile and publish technical and statistical data, prepare manuals and code of conduct.
- To lay down standards;
- To plan nation wide programme for pollution control.
The Indian Penal Code has a chapter on offences affecting Public Health, Safety, Convenience (Chapter XIV). Sec. 268 provides that “a person is guilty of a public nuisance who does any act or is guilty of an illegal omission which causes any common injury, danger or annoyance to the public or to the people in general who dwell or occupy property in the vicinity, or which must necessarily cause injury, obstruction, danger, or annoyance to persons who may have occasion to use any public right.” The section further explains that a common nuisance is not excusable on the ground that it causes some convenience or advantage. Other concerned provisions are: a “negligent act likely to spread infection or disease dangerous to life” (Sec. 269 IPC.), a “malignant act likely to spread infection or disease dangerous to life” (Sec. 270 IPC.), “making atmosphere noxious to health” (Sec. 278 IPC.).