Intellectual property rights can be defined as the rights given to people over the creations of their minds. They usually give the creator an exclusive right over the use of his/her creations for a certain period of time. Intellectual property rights are traditionally divided into two main categories –
• Copyright and rights related to copyright: this rights granted to authors of literary and artistic works, and the rights of performers, producers of phonograms and broadcasting organizations. The main purpose of protection of copyright and related rights is to encourage and reward creative work.
• Industrial property: This includes –
(1) the protection of distinctive signs such as trademarks and geographical indications, and
(2) industrial property protected primarily to stimulate innovation, design and the creation of technology. In this category inventions (protected by patents), industrial designs and trade secrets are included.
The Indian copyright law protects literary works, dramatic works, musical works, artistic works, cinematograph films and sound recordings.