Section 182 : False information with intent to cause public servant to use his lawful power to the injury of another person : Whoever gives to any public servant – any information – which that person knows or believes to be false,
– intending thereby to cause, or
– knowing it to be likely that he will thereby cause,
– such public servant – to do or omit to do anything ( which such public servant ought not to do or omit if the true state of facts respecting which such information is given were known to him), or
– to use the lawful power of such public servant to the injury or annoyance of any person, then he is liable to be punished with upto 6 months imprisonment or with fine or with both. Illustrations –
(a) A falsely informs a public servant that Z has contraband in a secret place knowing such information to be false, and knowing that it is likely that the consequence of the information will be a search of Z’s premises, attended with annoyance to Z. A has committed the offence defined in this section.
(b) A falsely informs a policeman that he has been assaulted and robbed in the neighbourhood of a particular village. He does not mention the name of any person as one of his assailiants, but knows it to be likely that in consequence of this information, the police will make enquiries and institute searches in the village to the annoyance of the villagers or some of them. A has committed an offence under this section.