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What is the complete specification of patents?

What is the complete specification of patents?

Once the patentability of the invention is established after a thorough prior art search, a patent application should be drafted. This document is known as the complete specification.

It must comprise:

  • Title of the invention indicating its technical field
  • Abstract
  • Prior art and drawbacks in the prior art (if any)
  • Solution provided by the inventor to obviate the drawbacks of the prior art
  • A concise but sufficient description of the invention and its usefulness
  • Details of the best method of its(invention’s) working
  • Claims.

Intellectual Property is the Property, which has been created by exercise of Intellectual Faculty. It is the result of persons Intellectual Activities. Thus Intellectual Property refers to creation of mind such as inventions, designs for industrial articles, literary, artistic work, symbols which are ultimately used in commerce. Intellectual Property rights allow the creators or owners to have the benefits from their works when these are exploited commercially.

These rights are statutory rights governed in accordance with the provisions of corresponding legislations. Intellectual Property rights reward creativity & human endeavor which fuel the progress of humankind.

The intellectual property is classified into seven categories-

(1) Patent

(2) Industrial Design

(3) Trade Marks

(4) Copyright

(5) Geographical Indications

(6) Lay out designs of integrated circuits

(7) Protection of undisclosed information/Trade Secret according to TRIPs agreements.


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