What is the duration of Copyright?

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The duration of the protection under the copyright depends on the nature of work; in case of literary work, the term is life of author plus 50 years from the day of calendar year preceding the death. Copyright in photograph, a cinematographic film and sound recording is 60 years from the next Calendar year of… Read more »

Is Copyright transferable?

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Yes, like any other property a copy right can be transferred absolutely e.g sale or assignment or can be transferred for a limited period of time under licensing arrangement.

Is the Copyright protection worldwide?

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The laws governing copyright are almost similar in many countries. Moreover, there are international treaties and agreement which govern the protection extended to national of different countries under Copyright. The main Conventions are Universal Copyright Convention, Berne Convention, WIPO Copyright Treaty etc. Many countries require that work should be published in their territory to avail… Read more »

Is reproduction in all form amounts to infringement?

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No, the reproduction for educational purposes, for news articles or for delivering lectures does not amount to infringement. However, if the reproduction is done for commercial gains, it amounts to infringement e.g. photocopying a text book might be for educational purpose amounts to violation of Copyright. (This is very general view and to have more… Read more »

What are the criteria for award of copyright protection?

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Copyright protection will be available if the following two conditions are fulfilled: a. Originality, meaning that the work owes it origin to the author. Originality is different from novelty. An author of the work need not be the first to articulate the ideas or create the work. b. Reduction into tangible form. For a work… Read more »

What type of creative work does copyright protect?

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Categories of works of authorship can include but are not limited to; Literary, Dramatic (including accompanying music) and Musical (including accompanying words or lyrics), Choreographic (including Pantomimes), Pictorial, Graphic, Sculptural, Computer Programs, Motion Pictures, Audiovisual and Sound recordings and Architectural works.   The subject matter of Copyright is generally described as an original creation of… Read more »

How long does copyright last?

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The duration of the protection depends on the type of copyright.   In case of ‘literary work’ Copyright lasts for the life span of the author and for sixty years after the author’s death.   The same principle applies to joint authorship (two or more), with the copyright lasting for the life span of the… Read more »

Is copyright protection worldwide?

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Most countries have acts of law relating to intellectual property and copyright issues with regard to their citizens rights. These countries are usually signatories to the numerous world treaties and agreements on copyright. Copyright laws are fairly similar worldwide. Many countries insist that for a work to be protected in their territories, there must be… Read more »

What is Copyright?

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Copyright is a legal right, given exclusively to the creator/originator (or assignee) to make further copies for publication and public performance.