Besides command and control, what other approaches are in practice to prevent and control pollution?

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In certain countries market based instruments have either replaced command and control or practiced in-conjunction with command and control. In this situation, there is possibility of one unit trading its waste load with another unit. However, under the Indian situation as yet command and control reigns supreme with some scope for economic instruments. The industries… Read more »

What is the purpose behind laying down standards for pollution control?

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The idea behind laying down standards is basically due to the realization that minimal pollution is rather inevitable in the production process. The environment has the capacity to absorb the minimal amount of pollution without any serious adverse impact. However, if this exceeds a certain limit, then the damage to environment cannot be avoided. The… Read more »

What can a citizen do to prevent and control pollution?

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A citizen can do much by adopting a code of conduct for himself as per various Environmental Laws and Rules passed by the Central and State Governments to desist from all activity which may pollute the environment. He can also bring to the notice of the authorities including MPCB about the violation of laws meant… Read more »

Is pollution a necessary price that we have to pay for achieving development?

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No. The laws stipulate that all development should be carried out with minimal occurrence of pollution. Technologies are available for controlling pollution as per the norms prescribed for different processes. Therefore, the perception that pollution is the price for securing fast development is erroneous. However, if necessary steps are not taken by the polluting unit,… Read more »

What are the responsibilities of polluting industry to prevent and control pollution?

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Permission like consent and or Environmental Clearance or CRZ clearance need to be obtained before setting up of an industrial unit and Consent/Authorization are mandatory before starting of the production. Running a polluting industry without the mandatory clearances is an offence and such unit will be liable to face stringent actions like closure and prosecution…. Read more »

What are the environmental and pollution related clearances required to set up and start an industrial unit ?

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For Maharashtra, normally the MPCB’s No Objection Certificate in the form of combined Consent to establishment under Water Act, Air Act & Hazardous wastes Rules would be required for setting up of an industrial unit. In regard to 39 specified industrial and infrastructure projects, environmental clearance from the MoEF, Govt.of India and State Environment Department… Read more »

What role does MPCB play in pollution control?

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MPCB being a major regulator for implementation of environmental Laws and pollution control in the State, plays an important role in securing sustainable development by enforcing various laws, rules, regulations notifications etc. pertaining to prevention and control of pollution. It is also responsible for monitoring of pollution and for preventive and curative action. MPCB’s role… Read more »

What are the fees applicable and where and how it should be paid in Maharashtra?

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The fees for consent under Water & Air Act are payable on the capital investment of the industry (Including land, building and machinery without depreciation). This information is available in the consent/authorisation procedure section of this website. The industries can also pay fees for longer period up to 5 terms for consent to Operate. The… Read more »

What are the types of consent?

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There are three types of consent issued under the provisions of Water (P & CP) Act 1974 and Air (P & CP) Act, 1981. Consent to Establish – All the industries and activities needing consent must obtain consent to establish before actual commencement of the works for establishing the industry/activity. Consent to Operate – This consent needs… Read more »