Which industry needs Consent/permission of MPCB?

India’s new Narendra Modi-led government is reviewing various environmental laws but the speed of the process and the cloud of secrecy around it has alarmed various environmental activists. Any industry, operation or process or an extension and addition thereto, which is likely to discharge sewerage or trade effluent into the environment or likely to emit […]

What are the functions of the state pollution control boards?

Following are the functions of the state pollution control boards –  To advise the State Government on matter relating to pollution and on siting of industries To plan programme for pollution control; To collect and disseminate information; To carry our inspection; To lay down effluent and emission standards; To issue consent to industries and other activities […]

What are functions of central pollution control board?

Following are the functions of central pollution control board –  Advise the Central Government on matters relating to pollution; Coordinate the activities of the State Boards; Provide Technical assistance to the State Boards, carry out and sponsor investigations and research relating to control of pollution; Plan and organize training of personnel; Collect, compile and publish technical […]

What do you mean by ‘A’ Category and ‘B’ Category projects/ activities?

(i) All projects and activities are broadly categorized in to two categories – Category A and Category B, based on the spatial extent of potential impacts and potential impacts on human health and natural and man made resources. (ii) All projects or activities included as Category ‘A’ in the Schedule, including expansion and modernization of […]

What is environmental protection Act 1986?

An Act to provide for the protection and improvement of environment and for matters connected there with. WHEREAS the decisions where taken at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in June, 1972, in which India participated, to take appropriate steps for the protection and improvement of human environment. AND WHEREAS […]

What are the legislative reforms in national environment Policy 2006?

A judicious mix of civil and criminal processes and sanctions will be employed in the legal regime for enforcement, through a review of the existing legislation. The policy calls for identification of the emerging areas for new legislation, due to better scientific understanding, economic and social development, and development of multilateral environmental regimes, in line […]

What are the sources of fund for the Central and State Pollution Control Boards ?

The Central Pollution Control Board is fully funded by the Central Ministry of Environment & Forests. The State Pollution Control Boards receive funds from the concerned State Governments and from the Central Ministry of Environment & Forests through reimbursement of Water Cess (upto 80%) collected by the respective State Boards. In addition, the State Boards […]

What are the programmes taken up for Industrial Pollution Control?

The programmes covering direct control of effluents/ emissions, and hazardous wastes from the industries taken up are as follows: Industrial Pollution Control along the river Ganga, Pollution Control in 17 Categories of major polluting industries, Industrial pollution control along the rivers and lakes, Pollution Control in Problem Areas, and Surprise inspection of polluting industries Environmental […]

What is the legal liabilities in the National Environment Policy 2006?

The environmental redressal mechanism based on doctrines of criminal liability, have not proved sufficiently effective, and need to be supplemented. The policy adopts the civil liability for environmental damage that would deter environmentally harmful actions, and compensate the victims of environmental damage. The alternatives to Civil Liability may also apply viz. Fault Based liability and […]