What do you mean by Environment Impact Assessment (EIA)?

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Every anthropogenic activity has some impact on the environment. More often it is harmful to the environment than benign. However mankind as it is developed today cannot live without taking up these activities for his food, security and other needs. Consequently, there is a need to harmonies developments activities with be environmental concerns. Environmental impact… Read more »

What are the general powers of the Central Government under E.P.A. for the protection and improvement of environment?

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Section 3. Power of Central Government to take measure to protect and improve the environment – 1. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Central Government shall have the power to take all such measures as it deems necessary or expedient for the purpose of protecting and improving the quality of the environment pollution…. Read more »

How is ‘Environment’ defined under Indian Law?

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According to Section 2(a) of the Environmental Protection Act, 1986, ‘Environment’ includes – a) Water, air and land b) The inter-relationship which exists among and between, i) water, air, land, and ii) human beings, other living creatures, plants, microorganisms and property. Environmental law – or “environmental and natural resources law” – is a collective term describing… Read more »

What would be the shape of post 2020 Arrangements for Climate Change?

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The legal shape of post 2020 arrangements cannot be pre-judged. The arrangement may include a variety of options including aspirational CoP decisions, binding CoP decisions, setting up of institutions and bodies covering various aspects of Bali Action Plan and Cancun Agreements with differing degrees of bindingness under the provisions of domestic and international law under… Read more »

In what respects does India treat Durban Decisions as significant?

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Durban decisions are significant because they have restored faith in the multilateral process. The decisions have also preserved the Kyoto protocol even while discussions on the future arrangements beyond 2020 are underway. At Durban, the second commitment period for developed country parties under the Kyoto Protocol was established. Several institutional mechanisms including the Green Climate… Read more »

What are the key elements of Durban Decisions/Package?

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At Durban, the second commitment period for developed country parties under the Kyoto Protocol was established. Several institutional mechanisms including the Green Climate Fund, Technology mechanism, and the Adaptation Committee which had been agreed at Cancun were operationalised at Durban. The Durban conference also adopted the guidelines for transparency arrangements which will result in the… Read more »

What are the provisions in the Indian Penal Code for environmental protection?

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The Indian Penal Code has a chapter on offences affecting Public Health, Safety, Convenience (Chapter XIV). Sec. 268 provides that “a person is guilty of a public nuisance who does any act or is guilty of an illegal omission which causes any common injury, danger or annoyance to the public or to the people in… Read more »

What is the Environmental Protection Act 1986?

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An Act to provide for the protection and improvement of environment and for matters connected there with. WHEREAS the decisions where taken at the United Nations Conference on the Human Environment held at Stockholm in June, 1972, in which India participated, to take appropriate steps for the protection and improvement of human environment. AND WHEREAS… Read more »

What steps have been taken to control noise pollution from generator sets?

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The Central Pollution Control Board, in association with the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, had developed systems for control of noise pollution from diesel generator sets as well as from petrol/kerosene generator sets. Based on this, the noise standards for diesel and petrol/kerosene generator sets have been developed and notified. The Central and State Pollution… Read more »

What are the specific functions of the Pollution Control Boards?

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Functions of Central Pollution Control Board : Advise the Central Government on matters relating to pollution. Coordinate the activities of the State Boards. Provide Technical assistance to the State Boards, carry out and sponsor investigations and research relating to control of pollution. Plan and organize training of personnel. Collect, compile and publish technical and statistical… Read more »