What is the FIR in murder case?

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Following types of F.I.R.’s are recorded by police – When it contains direct evidence of murder on the basis of ocular evidence. When the Police registers the case minimizing the offence from murder to 307 or u/s 364 IPC to avoid its despatch to magistrate which otherwise is essential if case is really registered for… Read more »

What is the FIR in corruption case?

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In cases of corruption, not registered on traps laid, but on complaints, always a suitable preliminary enquiry into the allegation, is required. Such preliminary enquiries are relevant before the registration of case and are permissible under law. But as soon as it became clear to enquiring officer that the public servant appeared to be guilty… Read more »

What if an accused person lodges an F.I.R himself?

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If accused goes to Police Station and lodges an F.I.R, the procedural legal provision as well as the Indian Evidence Act are mentioned as under – Sec.162 Criminal Procedure Code. does not hit such F.I.R. Sec.25 Indian Evidence Act, is applicable if the statement is in the nature of confession but is relevant u/s 21 of… Read more »

What could be possible reasons of Delay?

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Reasons of the delay on the part of complainant is mentioned as “DOC”. Reasons of the dlelay on the part of police/ is mentioned as “DOP”. 1. Physical condition of the informer (DOC). 2. Psychological condition of the informer (DOC). 3. Natural calamities (Both). 4. Distance of place of occurance (Both). 5. Ignorance of law… Read more »

What about F.I.R on telephone or telegram?

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Legally a case may not be registered as… (a) as there is always a doubt about its authenticity (b) as it does not satisfy the tests of Section 154 Criminal Procedure Code being not an oral statement reduced into writing; read over, admitted correct and signed by the informer. Message to the police on telephone… Read more »

Is there any scope for second appeal under the RTI Act?

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If the first appellate authority fails to pass an order on the appeal within the prescribed period or if the appellant is not satisfied with the order of the first appellate authority. The may prefer a second appeal with the Central Information Commission within ninety days from the date on which the decision should have… Read more »

Whether a police officer can search a person/place without a search warrant?

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Yes. Under certain conditions, police can do this. What is search warrant? A legal document authorizing a police officer or other official to enter and search premises. Under what circumstances a search warrant can be issued ? According to Section 93 section — 1.a ) where any court has reason to believe that a person… Read more »

In case of road accident to whom we report ?

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You can give the information nearest police station. Motor Accidents Claims Tribunal MACT deals with matters related to compensation of motor accidents victims or their next of kin .The Tribunal deal with claims relating to loss of life/property and injury cases resulting from Motor Accidents. MACT Courts are presided over by Judicial Officers from the… Read more »

Whether a police officer can arrest a person without warrant?

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If person has been involved in any cognizable offence, police can arrest without warrant. When you are arrested, you are taken into custody. This means that you are not free to leave the scene. Without being arrested, you can be detained, however, or held for questioning for a short time if a police officer or other… Read more »

Is it an offence to register/lodge false FIR ?

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Yes. Under section 182 IPC or under section 211 IPC it is punishable offence. Lodging of a false FIR/complaint is punishable under IPC. Such an informant / complainant can be proceeded against under section 182 IPC or under section 211 IPC by the police. Private person against whom false FIR/complaint has been lodged can also file… Read more »