Who are responsible for administration of GIs in the country?

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The Controller General of Patents, Design and Trademarks administers patents, designs, trademarks and geographical indications, which is under the control of the Department of Industrial Policy and Promotion, Ministry of Commerce and Industry, govt. of India. The Geographical Indications (Registrations and Protection) Act Rule, 2002 has also stipulate the protection of GI. The GI Act… Read more »

What are the benefits of GI registration?

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The registration of a Geographical Indication shall be for a period of ten years but may be renewed from time to time for an unlimited period by payment of the renewal fees. If it is not renewed it is liable to be removed from the register. The benefits of GI registration are following – •… Read more »

Which acts in India protects the Geographical Indications?

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Prior to 1999 there was no specific legislation to regulate geographical indication. It was in the year 1999 that India in compliance with its obligation under TRIPS Agreement enacted the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999. This act seeks to provide for registration and better protection GIs relating to goods. It excludes unauthorised… Read more »

How are geographical indications protected at the international level?

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GI protection is granted by the TRIPS Agreement. There are various international agreements (The Paris Convention for the Protection of Industrial Property (1976). The Madrid Agreement for the Repression of False or Deceptive Indications of Source (1981), Lisbon Agreement for the Protection of Appellations of Origin and Their International Registration of 1958) which grant some… Read more »

How is a geographical indication protected?

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Geographical indications are protected in accordance with national laws and under a wide range of concepts, such as laws against unfair competition, consumer protection laws, laws for the protection of certification marks or special laws for the protection of geographical indications or appellations of origin. In essence, unauthorized parties may not use geographical indications if such… Read more »

Why do geographical indications need protection?

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Geographical indications are understood by consumers to denote the origin and the quality of products. Many of them have acquired valuable reputations which, if not adequately protected, may be misrepresented by dishonest commercial operators. False use of geographical indications by unauthorized parties is detrimental to consumers and legitimate producers. The former are deceived and led… Read more »

What does a geographical indication do?

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A geographical indication points to a specific place or region of production that determines the characteristic qualities of the product that originates therein. It is important that the product derives its qualities and reputation from that place. Since those qualities depend on the place of production, a specific “link” exists between the products and their… Read more »

Examples of geographical Indication in world?

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Geographical Indication in world Bulgaria: Traminer From Khan Kroum (Wine), Merlou From Sarkar (Wine); Canada: Canadian Rye Whisky,, Canadian Whisky; Czech Republic: Beers: Pilsen, Budweis; EU: Wines: Champagne, Sherry, Porto, Chianti, Samos, Fheinhessen, Mossele Luxembourgeoise, Mittleburgenland, Spirits: Cognac, Brandy De Jerez, Grappa Di Barolo, Berliner Kummel, Genievre Flandres Artois, Scotch Whicky, Irish Whickey, Tsikoudia (From… Read more »

What are the advantages to my business of obtaining protection for a geographical indication?

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Protecting a GI (Geographical Indication) enables those who have the right to use the indication to take measures against others who use it without permission and benefit from its reputation (“free-riders”). A geographical indication’s reputation is a valuable, collective, and intangible asset. If not protected, it could be used without restriction and its value diminished and… Read more »

How are geographical indications relevant to my business?

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Consumers are paying more and more attention to the geographical origin of products and many care about specific characteristics present in the products they buy. In some cases, the “place of origin” suggests to consumers that the product will have a particular quality or characteristic that they may value. Geographical indications (GI) therefore function as… Read more »