What is the procedure for obtaining the certificate of origin?

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The exporters would need to apply to the authorised agencies for issuance of the certificate of origin. The fee structure i.e. for the sale of blank form, certification fee and other charges (such as tatkal services) are available on the website of Export Inspection Council (EIC) at www.eicindia.gov.in. International Trade Law includes the appropriate rules… Read more »

How are Rules of Origin enforced in an FTA?

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The rules of origin are enforced through a certificate of origin that is issued by authorised agencies of the trading partner. An exporter cannot avail of the customs tariff preferences under the FTA without submitting this certificate of origin from the authorised agency. International Trade Law includes the appropriate rules and customs for handling trade… Read more »

What are some of the criteria used in the rules of origin?

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The criteria in the rules of origin sets out specific and detailed conditions on the level of processing that an imported item from a non FTA partner country must undergo in the FTA partner country (or other eligible countries in the region) before being eligible to be called an originating product of a FTA partner… Read more »

Why are rules of Origin important in the FTA context?

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The Rules of Origin are important in the context of making an assessment on the application of preferential tariff under an FTA. Hence, without the rules of origin, the preferential tariffs under an FTA cannot be implemented. Moreover, the nonmembers to the FTA are not provided with the benefit of the preferential tariffs, agreed between… Read more »

What are Rules of Origin?

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Rules of origin (ROO) are the criteria needed to determine the of a product for purposes of international trade. Their importance is derived from the fact that duties and restrictions in several cases depend upon the source of imports. Rules of origin are used: To implement measures and instruments of commercial policy such as antidumping… Read more »

Where can one find tariff concessions available in India’s FTAs?

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Information on India’s FTAs including the tariff concessions thereof is available in the website of the Department of Commerce at www.commerce.gov.in. Further, a web portal “India’s Trade Compendium” has been developed which provides insights into India’s trade (both MFN and preferential) through the following information – Classification of goods at disaggregated HS levels has been developed… Read more »

How is CECA and CEPA different from FTA?

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A Comprehensive Economic Cooperation Agreement (CECA) or a Comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement (CEPA) is different from a traditional Free Trade Agreement (FTA) on two counts. Firstly, CECA/CEPA are more comprehensive and ambitious that an FTA in terms of coverage of areas and the type of commitments. While a traditional FTA focuses mainly on goods; a… Read more »

How is tariff reduction under an FTA different from WTO tariff negotiation?

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For the purposes of FTAs, the “base rate” is the critical element in all aspects of negotiations/phasing that are carried out. The base rate is the applied MFN duty of any year which is decided mutually. In an FTA tariff reduction is generally undertaken with reference to the base rate i.e. from the applied MFN… Read more »

What is an Early Harvest Scheme/Programme (EHS) and how different is it from an FTA?

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Early harvest scheme is a precursor to a free trade agreement (FTA) between two trading partners. This is to help the two trading countries to identify certain products for tariff liberalisation pending the conclusion of FTA negotiation. It is primarily a confidence building measure. A good example of an EHS is between India and Thailand… Read more »