With constituting 37.4 per cent of the 2.68 crore cases clogging the lower courts, the Law Commission has come out with a novel way to deal with the situation by recommending appointment of law graduates to preside over special traffic courts.
In its latest report submitted to the Law Ministry, the panel has said if law graduates preside over special traffic courts, judges in the lower judiciary can take care of other pressing cases.
“Recent law graduates may be appointed for short duration (three years) to preside over these special traffic courts. These special courts should only deal with cases involving fines. Cases which may involve imprisonment should be tried before regular courts in order to ensure fair process,” it said.
The report ‘Manpower Planning in Judiciary: A Blue Print’ said facilities should be made available for online payment of fines as well as the payment of fines at designated counters in the court complex to reduce pendency of cases.
The panel, which advices government on complex legal issues, has also recommended that special morning and evening courts be set up for dealing with traffic and police challan cases which constitute 37.4 per cent of all pending cases in the last three years before the subordinate judiciary.
Referring to 270 vacancies in the 24 high courts, the Law Commission said there was an urgent need to increase the strength of judges in the high courts to ensure that appeals and revisions from additional cases disposed of by subordinate courts is dealt with timely.
It said the high courts are already burdened with backlogs and increase in the strength will help them overcome the problem.
The report said the recruitment of new judges should focus, as a matter of priority, on the number of judges required to break even and to dispose of the backlogs in a three year time frame.