What are the Environment Authorities to check pollution in the country?

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environment

Environment Authorities are following – There are following Environmental Authorities have been constituted under the Environment (Protection) Act 1986. These are – The Central Ground Water Authority – Aqua Culture Authority Dahanu Taluka Environment (Protection) Authority Environment Pollution (Prevention & Control) Authority for National Capital Region of Delhi Loss of Ecology (Prevention and Payment of Compensation) Authority for State… Read more »

What are the Functions of Central Pollution Control Board?

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environment

The functions of Central Pollution Control Board are – Advise the Central Government on matters relating to pollution; Coordinate the activities of the State Boards; Provide Technical assistance to the State Boards, carry out and sponsor investigations and research relating to control of pollution; Plan and organize training of personnel; Collect, compile and publish technical… Read more »

What is meant by Command and Control approach towards pollution control?

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environment

Command and control refers to the present “Top down” approach under which the entire pollution control dispensation is prescribed from above. Prescriptions are in the form of orders which all are obliged to comply with. There is no scope for a bottom up approach under which each polluting unit can be given individual set of… Read more »

Who prescribes the standards for pollution control?

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The standards are prescribed by the Ministry of Environment & Forest, Govt. of India, which are minimum uniform national standards, which can not be relaxed by any Authority including SPCBs and Maharashtra Pollution Control Board, which can prescribe more stringent standards than whatever laid down by the MoEF, GoI, taking into consideration the local conditions…. Read more »

What are the provisions for environmental protection?

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The Indian Penal Code has a chapter on offences affecting Public Health, Safety, Convenience (Chapter XIV). Sec. 268 provides that “a person is guilty of a public nuisance who does any act or is guilty of an illegal omission which causes any common injury, danger or annoyance to the public or to the people in… Read more »

According to Section 2(a) of the Environmental Protection Act 1986, what are includes in Environment?

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environment

According to Section 2(a) of the Environmental Protection Act, 1986, Environment includes following – a) Water, air and land b) The inter-relationship which exists among and between, i) water, air, land, and ii) human beings, other living creatures, plants, microorganisms and property. Environmental law means the laws that regulate the impact of human activities on the… Read more »

What are the general functions of most environmental laws?

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The general functions of most environmental laws are – Set offences and penalties for causing harm to the environment which is not authorised Assess, control or stop certain activities (such as land use and development) before they are carried out Set policies and standards for how activities will be controlled and how environmental decisions and… Read more »

What are included in Environmental Laws?

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environment

Environmental law means the laws that regulate the impact of human activities on the environment. Environmental law covers a broad range of activities that affect air, water, land, flora or fauna. It includes laws that relate to: Protection of animals and plants. It includes laws that relate to: Protection of animals and plants Planning for the… Read more »

What is Employee State Insurance Act 1948?

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The Employee State Insurance Act, [ESIC] 1948, is a piece of social welfare legislation enacted primarily with the object of providing certain benefits to employees in case of sickness, maternity and employment injury and also to make provision for certain others matters incidental thereto. The Act in fact tries to attain the goal of socio-economic… Read more »

What are the classification of labour laws in India?

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Labour Laws may be classified under the following heads – I. Laws related to Industrial Relations such as- 1. Trade Unions Act, 1926 2. Industrial Employment Standing Order Act, 1946. 3. Industrial Disputes Act, 1947. II. Laws related to Wages such as: 4. Payment of Wages Act, 1936 5. Minimum Wages Act, 1948 6. Payment… Read more »