Posted On by &filed under High Court, Madras High Court.

Madras High Court
Visvalingam Pillai vs Palaniappa Chetty And Ors. on 9 September, 1897
Equivalent citations: (1898) 8 MLJ 113


1. On the whole, though not without hesitation, we think that the instrument may be considered to be a mortgage, but we are of opinion that it falls within S. 98 of the Transfer of Property Act and that the rights and liabilities of the parties must be determined by the contract itself. The contract does not provide for the contingency which has occurred. No special usage applicable to the present circumstances is set up. It is, however, contended that under S. 68 of the Transfer of Property Act it was open to the mortgagee to sue for the mortgage money as possession of part of the mortgaged property had not been delivered to him or to acquire a charge on the part which had been delivered to him until he was repaid the mortgage money. It appears to us, however that Section 68 does not apply to a case like this. That Section contemplates cases where the mortgagee is entitled to claim repayment of the mortgage money before redemption. In the present case however the contract gives no right to claim re-payment but in terms denies it. The only right the mortgagee had was to remain in possession for the stipulated period and to recover damages for the breach of contract by the mortgagor in not delivering possession of the whole of the land to him. We think, therefore, that the lower Courts were wrong in holding that exhibit I was an usufructuary mortgage and gave the 2nd defendant the right to remain in possession of the part ho had after the expiry of the three years agreed upon.

2. We must, therefore, reverse the decrees in both the Courts below and decree possession of the property sued for to the plaintiff with Rs. 9 for past mesne profits and with future mesne profits also. The defendants must pay the plaintiff’s costs throughout.

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