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Lok Sabha Passes Teachers’ Reservation Bill

Overturning a Supreme Court decision on reservation in appointment of teachers in universities, the Lok Sabha on Monday passed a Bill that proposes to make a university or college a unit instead of a department for the purpose of providing reservation. The Bill is applicable to all Central universities.

The Central Educational Institutions (Reservation in Teachers’ Cadre) Bill 2019, which will allow filling of about 8,000 existing vacancies in 41 Central universities & also provide 10 per cent reservation for economically weaker sections from the general category, was introduced to replace an ordinance issued in March this year.

Replying to a debate on the Bill, HRD Minister Ramesh Pokhriyal ‘Nishank’ said, “The Bill will give a major push to reforms in the education sector, making it inclusive & fulfilling aspirations of people from different categories.”

As many opposition members opposed the route of the ordinance & its timing before the elections, Pokhriyal said the ordinance had to be issued as the Supreme Court had declined to consider the government’s view on the matter & had rejected a review petition.

The issue emerges from an April 2017 Allahabad High Court order, in which it said that for the purpose of reservation for Scheduled Caste & Scheduled Tribes in universities, an individual department should be considered as the base unit to calculate the number of teaching posts to be reserved. The order was challenged in the Supreme Court, which upheld the HC order. A review petition filed by the HRD Ministry in February this year was also dismissed by the apex court.

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