Undisclosed information, or trade secrets have been provided protection by the TRIPS agreement for the first time in public international law. This explicitly requires undisclosed information- trade secrets or know-how – to benefit from protection. The protection is applied to information that is secret, has commercial value because it is secret, and has been subject… Read more »
Some of the issues that are under debate relating to TRIPS are – • The effectiveness of the 2003 “waiver” in the 2001 Doha Declaration on TRIPS and Public Health. The waiver in Doha Declaration removes a requirement that generics produced under compulsory license should be mainly for the domestic market. This would hinder their… Read more »
IPRs are territorial rights and can be acquired in the territory of the country having an IPR law. That is, IPR acquired in one country cannot be enforced in another country. The TRIPS Agreement lays down only certain minimum standards of protection and enforcement of IPRs by its Members through enactment of such national laws… Read more »
The Agreement on Trade related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights of the WTO is commonly known as the TRIPS Agreement or simply TRIPS. TRIPS is one of the main agreements comprising the World Trade Organisation (WTO) Agreement. This Agreement was negotiated as part of the eighth round of multilateral trade negotiations in the period 1986-94… Read more »
There are broadly 11 sectors and 72 sub- sectors included in the agreement. The sectoral commitments of the agreement covers Business services, Communication Services, Construction And Related Engineering Services, Distribution Services, Educational Services , Environmental Services ,Health Related And Social Services, Tourism And Travel Related Services, Recreational, Cultural And Sporting Services, Transport Services,Other Services (Skills… Read more »
Both the parties can resort to bilateral safeguards measures in the event of increased imports as a result of tariff reduction which causes or threatens to cause serious injury to the domestic industry. While the measure is to be imposed after due investigation, it can be in the form of Suspension of further reduction of… Read more »
Under the Chapter of Dispute Settlement Mechanism, the Parties shall resolve the disputes, if any, through consultations and negotiations, failing which, they may resort to an arbitral tribunal, consisting of three members. Each Party to the dispute shall appoint a member and the third member, who would be the Chair of the panel, shall be… Read more »
The provisions in the Chapters on Sanitary and Phyto-sanitary (SPS) Measures provide the framework for addressing regulations and standards pertaining to human, animal and plant life or health while the Chapter on TBT provides the framework for product testing and certification requirements. Patent – A patent in an exclusive right granted by a country to… Read more »
Key items in India’s Exclusion list are – Vegetables – Tomato, onion, garlic, ginger, carrot, radish, cauliflower, cucumber, peas, beans, chilli, capsicum, potato, etc. Fruit/Nuts – coconut, copra, cashew kernel, areca nut, betel nut, banana, pineapple, guava, mango, oranges, grapes, raisin, apple, lemon, watermelon, papaya, cherries, etc. Spices – chilli powder, nutmeg, vanilla, cardamom, fenugreek,… Read more »
India’s Schedule of Tariff Commitments consists of 40 items placed under Special Products. This is also referred to as India’s Highly Sensitive List. These items belong to 5 products namely Crude Palm Oil (CPO), Refined Palm Oil (RPO), coffee, pepper and tea. Patent – A patent in an exclusive right granted by a country to… Read more »
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