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An Act to provide for the rationalisation of the production and supply of electricity, and generally for taking measures conducive to
1*[electrical development].

WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for the rationalisation of the production and supply of electricity, for taking measures conducive to
1*[electrical development] and for all matters incidental thereto;

It is hereby enacted as follows:-

CHAPTER IINTRODUCTORY

 

1.Short title, extent and commencement.

1. Short title, extent and commencement. (1) This Act may be called the Electricity (Supply) Act, 1948.(2) It extends to the whole of India 2*[except the State of Jammu and Kashmir].

3*[(3) This section and sections 2,3,4, 4A, 4B, 4C, 15A, 18A,
26A, 28 to 34 (both inclusive), sub-section (2) of section 39, section
42, sub-section (3) of section 43 and sections 57, 57A, 57B, 58, 75A,
76, 77, 77A, 77B, 77C, 82 and 83 and the provisions of the 4*[Sixth
Schedule] shall come into force at once.]

(4) The remaining provisions of this Act shall come into force in a State on such date, not later than 5*[two years from the coming into force of the sections, Schedule and Table mentioned in subsection (3), as the State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint:

Provided that the Central Government may as respects any State extend the said period of two years and in such event the remaining provisions of the Act shall come into force in that State
———————————————————————-
Amended in Uttar Pradesh by U.P. Act 36 of 1974.Extended to and brought into force in Dadra and Nagar Haveli (w.e.f.
1.7.1965) by Reg. 6 of 1963, s. 2 & Sch. I,.

Ammended in West Bengal by W. B. Act 36 of 1983.1. Subs, by the A. O. 1950, for “the electrical development of the
Provinces of India.”
2. Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and Sch., for “except Part B
States”.
3. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 2, for the former sub-section
(w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
4. Subs. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 2, for “Sixth and Seventh Schedules”
(w.e.f. 3-6-1978).
5. Period extended up to the 31st March, 1955 for all States except the States of Madhya Pradesh and Delhi, see notification No.
S.R.O. 978, dated the 16th March, 1954, Gazette of India, 1954, Pt. II, Sec. 3, p. 595.64.on such date, not later than the extended period, as the state
Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

1*[(5) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (4),–

(a) where any provision of this Act, to which sub-section
(4) applied, is in force in any State immediately before the commencement of the Electricity (Supply)
Amendment Act, 1978, that provision as amended by the
Electricity (Supply) Amendment Act, 1978, shall, on and from such commencement, be in force in that State;

(b) the provisions of this Act, to which sub-section (4)
applies which are not in force in any State on the commencement of the Electricity (Supply) Amendment Act,
1978 (23 of 1978), shall come into force in that State on such date as the State Government may, with the concurrence of the Central Government, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.]

2.Interpretation.

2. Interpretation. In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-

(1) “Authority” means the Central Electricity Authority constituted under section 3:

(2) “Board” means a State Electricity Board constituted under section 5;

(3) “bulk-licensee” means a licensee who is authorised by his licence to supply electricity to other licensees for distribution by them;

2*[(3A) “competent government” means the central Government in respect of a Generating Company wholly or partly owned by it and in all other cases the Government of the State in which the generating station of a Generating Company is located or proposed to be located];

(4) “controlled station” means a generating station designated in a scheme sanctioned under Chapter V as a controlled station;

2*[(4A)”Generating Company” means a company registered under the
Companies Act, 1956 (1 of 1956) and which has among its objects the establishment, operation and maintenance of generating stations];
———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 2 (w.e.f. 3-6-1978).
2. Ins. & subs. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 3 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).

65.(5) “generating station” or “station” means any station for generating electricity, including any building and plant
1*[(with step-up transformer, switch-gear, cables or other appurtenant equipment, if any)] used for that purpose and the site thereof, a site intended to be used for a generating station, and any buildings used for housing the operating staff of a generating station, and where electricity is generated by water-power includes penstocks, head and tail works, main and regulating reservoirs, dams and other hydraulic works, but does not in any case include any sub-station 2*;

(6) “licensee” means a person licensed under Part II of the
Indian Electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), to supply energy or a person who has obtained sanction under section 28 if that
Act to engage in the business of supplying energy 3*[but, the provisions of section 26 of 26A of this Act notwithstanding, does not include the Board or a Generating
Company];

(7) “main transmission lines” means all high pressure cables and overhead lines (not being an essential part of the distribution system of a licensee) transmitting electricity from a generating station to another generating station or to a sub-station, together with any step-up and step-down transformers, switch-gear and other works necessary to and used for the control of such cables or overhead lines, and such buildings or part thereof as may be required to accommodate such transformers, switch-gear and other works and the operating staff thereof;

4*[(8) “maximum demand” in relation to any period shall, unless otherwise provided in any general or special order of the
State Government, mean twice the largest number of kilowatt-
hours or kilo-volt-ampere-hours supplied and taken during any consecutive thirty minutes in that period];
——————————————————————–
1. Ins. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 3(w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
2. Certain words omitted by s. 3, ibid. (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
3. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 3, for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
4. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 3, for cl. (8).

66.1*[(8A) “power system” means a system under the control of the
Government or any Board or Generating Company or other agency and having one or more-

(i) generating stations; or

(ii) main transmission lines and sub-stations; or

(iii)generating stations and main transmission lines and sub-stations;]

(9) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules 2*[made under this
Act];

3*[(9A) “Regional Electricity Board” means any of the Boards as constituted immediately before the commencement of the
Electricity Laws (Amendment) Act, 1991 (50 of 1991), by resolution of the Central Government for ensuring integrated operation of constituent system in the region;

(9B) “Regional Load Despatch Centre” means the Centre so designated where the operation of each of the Regional
Electricity Grids constituting the countrys power system is coordinated;]

(10) “regulations” means regulations made by the Board under section 79;

(11) “Reserve Bank” means the Reserve Bank of India;

1*[(11A) “sub-station” means a station for transforming or converting electricity for the transmission or distribution thereof and includes transformers, convertors, switch-gear, capacitors, synchronous condensors, structures, cables and other appurtenant equipments and any building used for that purpose and the site thereof, a site intended to be used for any such purpose and any buildings used for housing the staff of the sub-station;

(11B) “tie-line” means a line for the transfer of electricity between two power systems together with switch-gear and other works necessary to, and used for, the control of such line;]

(12) “transmission lines” means all works mentioned in subsection
(7) used wholly or partially for the purposes of distribution;

(13) “year” means, in relation to the Board 1*[or a Generating
Company,] the year commencing on the 1st day of April;

(14) “year of account” means, in relation to a licensee, his financial year;

(15) other expressions have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Indian Electricity Act, 1910. (9 of 1910)
———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 3(w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
2. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 3 for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
3. Ins. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 3 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).

CHAPTER IITHE CENTRAL ELECTRICITY AUTHORITY

 

3. Constitution of the Central Electricity Authority. (1) The
Central Government shall constitute a body called the central
Electricity Authority generally to exercise such functions and perform such duties under the Act and in such manner as the Central Government may prescribe or direct, and in particular to-

(i) develop a sound, adequate and uniform national power policy, 1*[formulate short-term and perspective plans for power development and co-ordinate the activities of the planning agencies] in relation to the control and utilisation of national power resources;

(ii) act as arbitrators in matters arising between the State
Government or the Board and a licensee or other person as provided in this Act;

2*[(iii) collect and record the data concerning the generation, distribution and utilisation of power and carry out studies relating to cost, efficiency, losses, benefits and such like matters;]

(iv) make public from time to time information secured under this Act and to provide for the publication of reports and investigations;

3*[(v) advise any State Government, Board, Generation
Company or other agency engaged in the generation or supply of electricity on such matters as will enable such Government, Board, Generating Company or agency to operate and maintain the power system, under its ownership or control, in an improved manner and, where necessary, in co-ordination with any other Government, Board, Generating Company or other agency owning or having the control of another power system;

(vi) promote and assist in the timely completion of schemes sanctioned under Chapter V;

(vii)make arrangements for advancing the skill of persons in the generation and supply of electricity;

(viii)carry out, or make arrangements for, any investigation for the purpose of generating or transmitting electricity,
———————————————————————-
1. Subs, by Act 115 of 1976, s. 4, for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
2. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 4, for cl. (iii) (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
3. Ins. by s. 4 ibid. (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

67A

(ix) promote research in matters affecting the generation, transmission and supply of electricity;

(x) advise the Central Government on any matter on which its advice is sought or make recommendation to that
Government on any matter if, in the opinion of the
Authority, the recommendation would help in improving the generation, distribution and utilisation of electricity; and

(xi) discharge such other functions as may be entrusted to it by or under any other law.]

(2) The Authority shall consist of 1*[not more than fourteen members of whom not more than eight shall be full-time members]
appointed by the Central Government, 2*

3*[(2A) A full-time member shall be a person who has experience of, and has shown capacity in,–

(a) design, construction, operation and maintenance of generating stations;

(b) transmission and supply of electricity;

(c) applied research in the field of electricity;

(d) applied economics; or

(e) industrial, commercial or financial matters.]

(3) The Central Government shall appoint 1*[one of the full-time members] to be the Chairman of the Authority.

(4) All the members of the Authority shall hold office during the pleasure of the Central Government.

3*[(4A) The Chairman of the Authority and the other full-time members shall receive such salaries and allowances as may be determined by the Central Government and the other members shall receive such allowances and fees for attending the meetings of the
Authority, as the Central Government may prescribe.

(4B) The other terms and conditions of service of the members of the Authority [including, subject to the provisions of sub-section
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 4, for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
2. The words “of whom at least three shall be full-time members”
omitted by Act 57 of 1949, s. 3.3. Ins. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 4 (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

67B

(4), their terms of office] shall be such as the Central Government may prescribe.]

(5) No full-time member of the Authority shall 1*[have any share or interest for his own benefit, whether in his own name or otherwise,] in any company or other body corporate or an association of persons (whether incorporated or not), or a firm engaged in the business of supplying electrical energy or 1*[fuel, in whatever form, for the generation of electricity or in the manufacture of electrical equipment].

(6) The Authority may appoint a Secretary and such other officers and 2*[employees] as it considers necessary for the performance of its functions under this Act on such terms as to salary, remuneration, fee, allowance, pension, have and gratuity, as the Authority may, in consultation with the Central Government, fix:

Provided that the appointment of the Secretary shall be subject to the approval of the Central Government.

3*[(7) The Chairman of the Authority may, by order, appoint any two or more members of the Authority to act on behalf of the Authority in relation to any matter referred to in clause (ii) of sub-section
(1).

(8) No act or proceeding of the Authority shall be invalid merely on the ground of the existence of any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of, the Authority.]

4.Power to require accounts, statistics and returns,

4. Power to require accounts, statistics and returns. It shall be the duty of each 4*[State Electricity Board, Generating Company,]
State Government Electricity Department or other licensee or person supplying electricity for public or private purposes. or generating electricity for its or his own use, 5*[or consuming electricity] to furnish to the Authority such accounts, statistics 4*[, returns or other information] relating to the generation, supply and use of electricity as it may require and at such time and in such form and manner as it may direct.
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 4, for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
2. Subs. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 3, for “servants”.
3. Subs, by Act 115 of 1976, s. 4, for sub-section (7) (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
4. Subs. by s. 5, ibid., for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
5. Ins, by s. 5, ibid. (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

67C

4A.

Directions by Central Government to the authority.

1*[4A. Directions by Central Government to the Authority. (1) In the discharge of its functions, the Authority shall be guided by such directions in matters of policy involving public interest as the
Central Government may give to it in writing.

(2) If any question arises as to whether any such direction relates to a matter of policy involving public interest, the decision of the Central Government thereon shall be final.

4B.

Power of Central Government to make rules.

4B. Power of Central Government to make rules. (1) The Central
Government may, by notification in the Official gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Chapter.

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for all or any of the following matters, namely :-

(a) the functions and duties of the Authority and the manner in which such functions and duties shall be exercised and performed, under sub-section (1) of section 3;

(b) the terms and conditions of service of the Chairman and other members of the Authority (including the allowances and fees payable to members, but not including the salaries and allowances payable to the
Chairman and other full-time members, of the Authority)
under subsection (4A) and sub-section (4B) of section
3:

(c) any other matter which is required to be, or may be, prescribed by the Central Government.

(3) Every rule made by the Central Government under this Chapter shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament while it is in session for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if. before the expiry of the session immediately following the session of the successive sessions aforesaid, both
Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.
———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 6, (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

67D

4C.

Power of Authority to make regulations.

4C. Power of Authority to make regulations. 1*[(1)] The
Authority may 1*[by notification in the Official Gazette, ] make regulations, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act and the rules made by the Central Government thereunder, to provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:–

(a) summoning and holding of meetings of the Authority, the times and places at which such meetings shall be held, the conduct of business thereat and the number of members required to constitute a quorum;

(b) any other matter arising out of the functions of the
Authority under this Act for which it is necessary or expedient to make regulations.]

1*[(2)The Central Government shall cause every regulation made under this section to be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session of the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the regulation, or both Houses agree that the regulation should not be made, the regulation shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that regulation,”]

CHAPTER III2*[STATE ELECTRICITY BOARDS, GENERATING COMPANIES, STATE ELECTRICITY CONSULTATIVE COUNCILS AND LOCAL ADVISORY COMMITTEES]

 

5. Constitution and composition of State Electricity Boards. (1)
The State Government shall as soon as may be after the issue of the notification under sub-section (4) of section 1, constitute by
Notification in the Official Gazette a State Electricity Board under such name as shall be specified in the notification.

(2) The Board shall consist of not less than three and not more than seven members appointed by the State Government.

3* * * * *

4*[(4) Of the members–

(a) one shall be a person who has experience of, and has shown capacity in, commercial matters and administration;

(b) one shall be an electrical engineer with wide experience; and

(c) one shall be a person who has experience of accounting and financial matters in a public utility undertaking, preferably an electricity supply undertaking.]

(5) One of the members possessing any of the qualifications specified in sub-section (4) shall be appointed by the State
Government to be the Chairman of the Board.
———————————————————————-
1. Renumbered & ins. by Act 20 of 1983, s. 2 & Sch. (w.e.f. 18-3.84).
2. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 7, for the former heading (w.e.f. 8-
10-1976).
3. Sub-section (3) omitted by Act 57 of 1949, s. 4.4. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 4, for sub-section (4).

67E

(6) A person shall be disqualified from being appointed or being a member of the Board if he is 1* a member of 2*[Parliament] or of any
State Legislature or any local authority.

(7) No act done by the Board shall be called in question on the ground only of the existence of any vacancy in, or any defect in the constitution of, the Board.

6.Inter-State agreement to extend Boards jurisdiction to another State.

6. Inter-State agreement to extend Boards jurisdiction to another State. (1) Subject to the provisions of this section, the
Government of any State may, after it has issued a notification under sub-section (4) of section 1, in lieu of constituting a Board under section 5 enter into an agreement with the Government of a contiguous
State to provide that the Board constituted for the latter State shall exercise the functions of a Board under this Act in the former State.

(2) Subject to such modifications (being of a character not affecting the general operation of the agreement) of the terms of the agreement as may from time to time be agreed upon by the State
Governments concerned, an agreement entered into under this section shall be for a period of not less than twenty-five years but may be determined earlier by mutual consent.

(3) An agreement under this section may–

(a) make such financial arrangements between the participating State Governments as may be necessary for the purposes of the agreement;

(b) provide for consultation between the participating
State Governments either generally or with reference to particular matters arising under this Act;

(c) generally make such incidental, supplementary or ancillary provisions, not inconsistent with this Act, as may be deemed necessary or expedient for giving effect to the agreement.

7.Effect of inter-State agreement.

7. Effect of inter-State agreement. Where an agreement is entered into under section 6, the participating State Governments shall, by notification in the Official Gazettes, declare a date on which the agreement shall come into force, and on and after that date–

(a) the Board constituted for the one State shall have all the powers and duties of a Board under this Act in respect of both States as if they constituted a single
State;
———————————————————————-
1. The words “or within the twelve months last preceding was,”
omitted by Act 30 of 1956, s. 2.2. Subs. by the A. O. 1950 for “the Central”.

68.1*[(b) references in this Act to–

(i) the State,

(ii) the State Electricity Consultative Council, and

(iii)the State Legislature,

shall, unless the context otherwise requires, be construed as references respectively to–

(A) both States,

(B) where more than one State Electricity
Consultative Council has been constituted under section 16, to all such Councils, and

(C) the Legislatures of both States;]

(c) the provisions of section 60 in relation to the assumption by the Board of the rights and liabilities of the State Government arising before the first constitution of the Board shall apply to the assumption by the Board of the rights and liabilities of the
Government of the State to which the exercise of its functions under this Act words “before the first constitution of the Board” there were substituted the words and figure “before the date on which the agreement under section 6 came into force”.

8.Term of office and conditions for re-appointment of members of theBoard.

2*[8. Term of office and conditions for re-appointment of members of the Board. The Chairman and other members of the Board shall hold office for such period, and shall be eligible for re-appointment under such conditions, as be prescribed.]
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 30 of 1956, s. 3, for former cl. (b)
2. Subs. by Act 57 of 1949, s. 5.69.9.Members not to hold interest in certain concerns.

9. Members not to hold interest in certain concerns. (1) A member of the Board shall, prior to his appointment, give to the State
Government intimation of, and shall, before taking charge of his office, sell or divest himself of, any interest which he may have for his own benefit whether in his own name or otherwise, in any firm or company carrying on the business of supplying electricity or any fuel for the generation of electricity, or of the manufacture, sale or hire of machinery, plant, equipment, apparatus or fittings for the generation, transmission, distribution or use of electricity, or any company; and it shall not be lawful for a member of the Board, so long as he holds office, to acquire or purchase any such interest in any such firm or company and if he, under any will or by succession or gift becomes entitled for his own benefit to any such interest, he shall sell the same within three months after becoming so entitled thereto; and he shall also, within three months, sever any connection he may have and cease to have any interest, direct or indirect, in any such concern.

(2) Nothing contained in sub-section (1) shall prevent a member from acquiring or holding any share or interest in any firm or company other than a firm or company mentioned in sub-section (1) :

Provided that if the Board has entered into, or is about to enter into any contract or agreement with any sch firm or company in which a member holds any share or interest, he shall disclose the fact and nature of such interest and he shall not be entitled to vote on any decision of the Board relating to such contract or agreement.

(3) A disclosure referred to in the proviso to sub-section (2)
shall forthwith be recorded in the minutes of the Board and communicated to the State Government and the State Government may thereupon give such directions as it may deem proper.

10.Removal or suspension of members.

10. Removal or suspension of members. 1*[(1)] The State
Government may suspend from office for such period as it thinks fit or remove from office any member of the Board who–

(a) is found to be a lunatic or becomes of unsound mind; or

(b) is adjudged insolvent; or

(c) fails to comply with the provisions of section 9; or

(d) becomes or seeks to become a member of 2*[Parliament]
or any State Legislature or any local authority; or
———————————————————————-
1. S. 10 renumbered as sub-section (1) of that section by Act 101 of
1956, s. 5.2. Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for “the Central”.

70

1*[(e)in the opinion of the State Government–

(i) has refused to act; or

(ii) has become incapable of acting; or

(iii)has so abused his position as a member as to render his continuance on the Board detrimental to the interests of the general public; or

(iv) is otherwise unfit to continue as a member;
or]

(f) is convicted of an offence involving moral turpitude.

2*[(2) The State Government may suspend any member pending an inquiry against him.

(3) No order of removal shall be made under this section unless the member concerned has been given an opportunity to submit his explanation to the State Government, and when such order is passed, the seat of the member removed shall become vacant and another member may be appointed under section 5 to fill up the vacancy.

(4) A member who has been removed shall not be eligible for re-
appointment as member or in any other capacity to the Board.

(5) If the Board fails to carry out its functions, or refuses or fails to follow the directions issued by the State Government under this Act, the State Government may remove the Chairman and the members of the Board and appoint a Chairman and members in their places.]

10A.

Power of State Government to declare certain transactions void.

3*[10A. Power of State Government to declare certain transactions void. (1) The State Government may declare void any transaction in connection with which a member has been removed under sub-clause (iii)
of clause (e) of sub-section (1) of section 10 after considering the report on the facts of the case made to it by a District Judge nominated by it in this behalf.

(2) A District Judge nominated under sub-section (1) shall, before making his report under that sub-section to the State
Government in relation to any transaction, give all parties interested in the transaction a reasonable opportunity of being heard.

(3) Where a transaction is declared void under this section, it shall not be enforceable by any party to the transaction but the provisions of section 65 of the Indian Contract Act, 1872 (9 of
1872), shall, so far as may be, apply to such transaction as they apply to an agreement which is discovered to be void or a contract which becomes void.
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 5, for clause (e).
2. Ins. by s. 5, ibid.
3. Ins. by s. 6, ibid.

71.(4) The decision of the State Government declaring any transaction void under this section shall be final and shall not be called in question in any Court.]

11.Temporary absence of members.

11. Temporary absence of members. If the Chairman or any other member of the Board is by infirmity or otherwise rendered temporarily incapable of carrying out his duties or is absent on leave or otherwise in circumstances not involving the vacation of his appointment, the State Government may appoint another person to officiate for him and carry out his functions under this Act or any rule or regulation made thereunder.

12.Incorporation of Board.

12. Incorporation of Board. The Board shall be a body corporate by the name notified under sub-section (1) of section 5, having perpetual succession and a common seal, with power to acquire and hold property both movable and immovable, and shall by the said name sue and be sued.

12A.

Board may have capital structure.

1*[12A. Board may have capital structure. (1) The State
Government may, if it considers expedient so to do, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that the Board shall, with effect from such date as may be specified in the notification, be a body corporate with such capital, not exceeding ten crores of rupees, as the State
Government may specify from time to time.

(2) The State Government may, from time to time, with the approval of the State Legislature, increase the maximum limit of the capital referred to in sub-section (1) to such extent as that
Government may deem fit, so, however, that the increased maximum limit of capital aforesaid shall not exceed the amount representing the aggregate of the outstanding loans of the Board.

(3) Such capital may be provided by the State Government, from time to time, after due appropriation made by the State Legislature by law for the purpose and subject to such terms and conditions as may be determined by that Government.]

13.Authentication of orders and other instruments of the Board.

13. Authentication of orders and other instruments of the Board.
All orders and decisions of the Board shall be authenticated by the signature of the Chairman or any other member authorized by the Board shall be authenticated by the signature of such member or officer of the Board as may in like manner be authorized in this behalf.
———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 4.72.14.Meetings of the Board.

14. Meetings of the Board. (1) The Board shall hold ordinary meetings at such intervals as may be provided in the regulations; and a meeting may be convened by the Chairman at any other time for the transaction of urgent business.

(2) The number of members necessary to constitute a quorum at a meeting shall be may be provided in the regulations.

15.Appointment of staff.

15. Appointment of staff. The Board may appoint a Secretary and such other officers and 1*[employees] as may be required to enable the
Board to carry out its functions under this Act”

2*[Provided that the appointment of the Secretary shall be subject to the approval of the State Government.]

15A.

Objects jurisdiction, etc., of Generating Companies.

3*[15A. Objects jurisdiction, etc., of Generating Companies. (1)

4* * * * *

4*[(2) The objects of a Generating Company shall include–

(a) establishment, operation and maintenance of generating stations and tie-lines, sub-stations and main transmission lines connected therewith;

(b) operation and maintenance of such generating stations, tie-lines, sub-stations and main transmission lines as are assigned to it by the competent government or governments.

(3) The Generating Company shall carry on its activities within such areas as the competent government or governments, as the case may be, may, from time to time, specify in this behalf.]

4* * * * *
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 5, for “servants”.
2. Ins. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 7.3. Ins. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 8 (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
4. Omitted & subs. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 4 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).

73.(5) A full-time member of the Board of directors of a Generating
Company shall be a person who has experience of, and has shown capacity in,–

(a) design, construction, operation and maintenance of generating stations;

(b) transmission and supply of electricity;

(c) applied economics;

(d) organising workers;

(e) industrial, commercial or financial matters; or

(f) administration in a Government Department or other establishment.

1* * * * *

16.State Electricity Council.

16. State Electricity Council. (1) The State Government shall constitute a 2*[State Electricity Consultative Council] for the State, and in cases to which sections 6 and 7 apply, the State Governments concerned shall constitute such one or more 2*[State Electricity
Consultative Council] or Councils and for such areas as they may be agreement determine.

(2) The 2*[State Electricity Consultative Council] shall consist of 3*[the members of the Board and, if there are any Generating
Company or Generating Company or Generating Companies operating in the
State, one representative of the Generating Company or each of the
Generating Companies, to be nominated by the Generating Company concerned.]
———————————————————————-
1. Omitted by Act 50 of 1991, s. 4 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991.)
2. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 8, for “State Electricity Council”.
3. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 9, for certain words (w.e.f. (8-10-
1976.)

74.and such other persons being not less than 1*[eight] and not more than fifteen as the State Government or the State Governments concerned may appoint after consultation with such representatives or bodies representative of the following interests as the State Government or the State Governments concerned thinks or think fit, that is to say, local self-government, electricity supply industry, commerce, industry, transport, agriculture, 2*[labour employed in the electricity supply industry and consumers of electricity], but so that there shall be at least one member representing each such interest in the Council.

(3) The Chairman of the Board shall be ex-officio Chairman of the
3*[State Electricity Consultative Council].

(4) The 3*[State Electricity Consultative Council] shall meet at least once in every three months.

(5) The functions of the 3*[State Electricity Consultative
Council] shall be as follows :-

(i) to advise 4*[the Board and the Generating Company or
Generating Companies, if any, operating in the State]
on major questions of policy and major schemes;

(ii) to review the progress and the work of 4*[the Board or the Generating Company or Generating Companies, if any, operating in the State] from time to time;

(iii)to consider such other matters as 4*[the Board or the
Generating Company or Generating Companies, if any, operating in the State] from time to time;

(iv) to consider such matters as the State Government may by rules prescribe.

5*[(6) The Board shall place before the State Electricity
Consultative Council the annual financial statement and supplementary statement, if any, and shall take into consideration any comments made on such statement in the said Council before submitting the same to the State Government under section 6].]
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 30 of 1966, s. 4, for “seven”.
2. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 8, for “and labour employed in the electricity supply industry”.
3. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 8, for “State Electricity Council”.
4. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 9, for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
5. Subs. by Act 30 of 1966, s. 4, for former sub-section (6).

75.17.Local Advisory Committee.

17. Local Advisory Committee. (1) The State Government may from time to time constitute for such areas as it may determine Local
Advisory Committees, consisting of such number of persons as it may think fit in each case and on such terms and conditions as may be prescribed.

(2) The Board may if it thinks fit consult the Local Advisory
Committees concerned on any business coming before it, and shall so do in respect of such business as the State Government may by general or special order in this behalf specify or when required by the regulations so to do.

(3) The Chairman of the Board or such other member of the Board as he may nominate in this behalf shall be ex-officio Chairman of a
Local Advisory Committee.

(4) Local Advisory Committees shall meet at such intervals as may be prescribed, and for the transaction of urgent business on such other occasions as the Chairman of the Board may require.

(5) The number of members necessary to constitute a quorum at a meeting of a Local Advisory Committee shall be such as the State
Government when constituting the Committee may specify.

CHAPTER IVPOWERS AND DUTIES OF 1*[STATE ELECTRICITY BOARDS AND GENERATING
COMPANIES]

 

18. General duties of the Board. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Board shall be charged with the following general duties, namely:-

(a) to arrange, in co-ordination with the Generating
Company or Generating Companies, if any, operating in the State, for the supply of electricity that may be required within the State and for the transmission and distribution of the same, in the most efficient and economical manner with particular reference to those areas which are not for the time being supplied or adequately supplied with electricity;

(b) to supply electricity as soon as practicable to a licensee or other person requiring such supply if the
Board is competent under this Act so to do;
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 10, for the words “State Electricity
Boards” (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
2. Subs. by s. 11, ibid., for s. 18 (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

76.(c) to exercise such control in relation to the generation, distribution and utilisation of electricity within the
State as is provided for by or under this Act;

(d) to collect data on the demand for, and the use of, electricity and to formulate perspective plans in co-
ordination with the Generating Company or Generating
Companies, if any, operating in the State, for the generation, transmission and supply of electricity within the State;

(e) to prepare and carry out schemes for transmission, distribution and generally for promoting the use of electricity within the State; and

(f) to operate the generating stations under its control in co-ordination with the Generating Company or Generating
Companies, if any, operating in the State and with the
Government or any other Board or agency having control over a power system.

18A.

Duties of Generating Company.

18A. Duties of Generating Company. (1) Subject to the provisions of this Act, a Generating Company shall be charged with the following duties, namely:-

(a) to establish, operate and maintain such generating stations and tie-lines, sub-stations and main transmission lines connected therewith, as may be required to be established by the 1*[competent government or governments] in relation to the
Generating Company;

(b) to operate and maintain in the most efficient and economical manner the generating stations, tie-lines, sub-stations and main transmission lines, assigned to it by the 1*[competent government or governments] in co-ordination with the Board or Boards, as the case may be, and the Government or agency having control over the power system, if any, connected therewith; and

(c) to carry out, subject to the provisions of section 21, detailed investigations and prepare schemes, in co-
ordination with the Board or Boards, as the case may be, for establishing generating stations and tie-lines, sub-stations and transmission lines connected therewith, in such manner as may be specified by the
Authority.

(2) Without prejudice to the generality of its duties under section 18, the Board shall, until a Generating Company begins to
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 5 (w.e.f. 15.10.1991).

77.operate in any State, perform the duties of a Generating Company under this section in that State.]

19.Powers of the Board to supply electricity.

19. Powers of the Board to supply electricity. (1) The Board may, subject to the provisions of this Act, supply electricity to any licensee or person requiring such supply in any area in which a scheme sanctioned under Chapter V is in force:

Provided that the Board shall not-

(a) supply electricity for any purpose directly to any licensee for use in any part of the area of supply of a bulk-licensee without the consent of the bulk-licensee, unless the licensee to be supplied has an absolute right of veto on any right of the bulk-licensee to supply electricity for such purpose in the said part of such area, or unless the bulk-licensee is unable or unwilling to supply electricity for such purpose in the said part of such area on reasonable terms and conditions and within a reasonable time; or

(b) supply electricity for any purpose to any person, not being a licensee for use in any part of the area of supply of a licensee without the consent of the licensee, unless-

(i) the actual effective capacity of the licensees generating station computed in accordance with paragraph IX of the First Schedule at the time when such supply was required was less than twice the maximum demand asked for by any such person; or

(ii) the maximum demand of the licensee, being a distributing licensee and taking a supply of energy in bulk is, at the time of the request, less than twice the maximum demand asked for by any such person; or

(iii) the licensee is unable or unwilling to supply electricity for such purpose in the said part of such area on reasonable terms and conditions and within a reasonable time.

(2) After the Board has declared its intention to supply electricity for any purpose in any area, for which purpose and in which area it is under this section competent to supply electricity, no licensee shall, the provisions of his licence notwithstanding, at any time be entitled without the consent of the Board to supply electricity for that purpose in that area.

78.(3) For the purposes of sub-section (1) “absolute right of veto”
means an unqualified right vested in a licensee by virtue of any law, licence or other instrument whereby a bulk-licensee is prevented from supplying electricity in any specified area without the consent of the licensee in whom the right of veto vests.

(4) If any question arises under sub-section (1) as to the reasonableness of the terms or conditions or time therein mentioned, it shall be determined 1*[by arbitration] as provided in section 76.20.Power to Board to engage in certain undertakings.

20. Power to Board to engage in certain undertakings. (1) The
Board may, in accordance with any regulations made in this behalf, manufacture, purchase, sell or let on hire on the execution of a hire-
purchase agreement or otherwise, any electric machinery, control-gear fittings, wires or apparatus for lighting, heating, cooling, or motive power or for any other purpose for which electricity can or may be used, or any industrial or agricultural machinery operated by electricity, and may instal, connect, repair, maintain or remove such fittings, wires, apparatus, machinery or control-gear and in respect thereof demand and take such remuneration or rents and charges and make such terms and conditions as it deems fit.

(2) The Board may maintain shops and showrooms for the display, sale or hire of fittings, wires, apparatus and machinery as aforesaid, conduct displays, exhibitions and demonstrations thereof, and generally do all things, including advertising, incidental to the sale and hire of such fittings, wires, apparatus and machinery and to the promotion and encouragement of the use of electricity.

(3) The Board shall show separately in its accounts moneys received and expended by it in connection with any undertakings in which it engages under this section.

20A.

Leasing out, etc., of generating stations.

2*[20A. Leasing out, etc., of generating stations. The State
Government may, in respect of any generating station owned by it
(including transmission lines and other works connected therewith)
make arrangements with the Board or a Generating Company for its operation and maintenance on such terms and conditions as may be agreed upon between the State Government and the Board or the
Generating Company, as the case may be.]
———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 30 of 1966, s. 5.2. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 12, for s. 20A (w.e.f. 8-10-1976)
which was ins. by Act 44 of 1962, s. 2.79.21.Powers of Board in relation to water-power.

21. Powers of Board in relation to water-power. 1*[The Board or a
Generating Company may], with the previous approval of the State
Government, take such measures as 2*[in the opinion of the Board or the Generating Company, as the case may be,] are calculated to advance the development of water-power in the State, and may organise and carry out power and hydrometric survey work and cause to be made such maps, plans, sections and estimates as are necessary for any of the said purposes 3*[and in such manner as the Authority may, from time to time, specify]:

Provided that where any such measures relate to a source of water-power already operated upon by a licensee under a licence, the
Board shall give the licensee notice of such measure and an opportunity to be heard on any representations he may desire to make in that behalf and may consider such representation.

22.Power to Board to conduct investigations.

22. Power to Board to conduct investigations. Subject so far as the provisions of this section relate to water-power to the previous approval of the State Government, the Board may at its own expense conduct such investigations, experiments and trials as it thinks fit for the improvement of the methods of transmission, distribution and supply of electricity or of the utilisation of fuel, water-power or other means of generating electricity, and may establish and maintain laboratories for the testing and standardisation of electrical instruments and equipment.

23.Loans by Board to licensees.

23. Loans by Board to licensees. (1) Subject to any regulations made in this behalf, the Board may grant loans or advances to any licensee for the purposes of his undertaking on such terms as the
Board thinks proper.

(2) The Board in the discharge of its functions may call upon a licensee to expand his undertaking and offer to advance to him a loan on such terms and conditions as it may deem proper for such expansion, and if the licensee refuses, fails or neglects to accept the loan from the Board on the terms and conditions offered or to raise a loan from other sources or to employ his own funds 4*** for purposes of such expansion and to carry out such expansion, the Board may, after giving the licensee six months notice in writing, purchase his undertaking.
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 13, for the words “The Board may”
(w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
2. Subs. by s. 13, ibid., for the words “in the opinion of the
Board” (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
3. Ins. by s. 13, ibid. (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
4. The words “on terms similar to the terms offered by the Board”
omitted by Act 101 of 1956, s. 9.80

24.Power to Board to contribute to certain associations.

24. Power to Board to contribute to certain associations. The
Board may, subject to any regulations made in this behalf,

(1) pay such subscriptions as it thinks fit to any association for the promotion of the common interests of persons engaged in the generation, distribution and supply of electricity and the members of which consist mainly of such persons;

(2) contribute such sums as it thinks fit to the funds of any recognised society the object of which is to foster the development and use of electricity or promotion of knowledge and research in respect of electricity or electrical appliances.

25.Consulting engineers.

25. Consulting engineers. The Board may, subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, from time to time appoint qualified persons to be consulting engineers to the Board and pay them such remuneration as it thinks proper.

26.Board to have powers and obligations of licensee under Act 9 of 1910.26. Board to have power and obligations of licensee under Act 9.of 1910. Subject to the provisions of this Act, the Board shall, in respect of the whole State, have all the powers and obligations of a licensee under the Indian Electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), and this
Act shall be deemed to be the license of the Board for the purposes of that Act:

Provided that nothing in sections 3 to 11, sub-sections (2) and
(3) of section 21 and 1*[section 22, sub-section (2) of section 22A
and sections 23 and 27] of that Act or in 2*[Clauses I to V, Clause
VII and Clauses IX to XII] of the Schedule to that Act relating to the duties and obligations of a licensee shall apply to the Board:

3*[Provided further that the provisions of Clause VI of the
Schedule to that Act shall apply to the Board in respect of that area only where distribution mains have been laid by the Board and the supply of energy through any of them has commenced.]

26A.

Applicability of the provisions of Act 9 of 1910 to GeneratingCompany.

4*[26A. Applicability of the provisions of Act 9 of 1910 to
Generating Company. (1) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-
section (2), nothing in the Indian Electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), shall be deemed to require a Generating Company to take out a licence under that Act, or to obtain sanction of the State Government for the purpose of carrying on any of its activities.
———————————————————————
1. Subs. by Act 32 of 1959, s. 41, for “sections 22, 23 and 27”.
2. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 10, for “Clauses I to XII”.
3. Ins. by s. 10, ibid.
4. Ins. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 14 (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

81.(2) Subject to the provisions of this Act, sections 12 to 19.(both inclusive) of the Indian Electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910) and clauses XIV to XVII (both inclusive) of the Schedule thereto, shall, as far as may be, apply in relation to a Generating Company as they apply in relation to a licensee under that Act (hereafter in this section referred to as the licensee) and in particular a Generating
Company may, in connection with the performance of its duties, exercise-

(a) all or any of the powers conferred on a licensee by sub-section (1) of section 12 of the Indian Electricity
Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), as if-

(i) the reference therein to licensee were a reference to the Generating Company;

(ii) the reference to the terms and conditions of licence were a reference to the provisions of this Act and to the articles of association of the Generating
Company; and

(iii) the reference to the area of supply were a reference to the area specified under sub-section (3)
of section 15A in relation to the Generating Company;

(b) all or any of the powers conferred on a licensee by sub-section (1) of section 14 of the Indian Electricity
Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), as if–

(i) the references therein to licensee were references to the Generating Company; and

(ii) the Generating Company had the powers of a licensee under the said Act.

(3) The provisions of section 30 of the Indian Electricity Act,
1910 (9 of 1910), shall not apply to the transmission or use of energy by a Generating Company.

(4) For the removal of doubts, it is hereby declared that sections 31 to 34 (both inclusive) of the Indian Electricity Act,
1910 (9 of 1910), shall apply to a Generating Company.]

27.Other functions of the Board.

27. Other functions of the Board. 1*[The Board or a Generating
Company] shall have such further powers and duties as are provided in this Act.
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 15, for “The Board” (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).

CHAPTER V
1*[THE WORKS AND TRADING PROCEDURE OF THE BOARD AND THE GENERATING COMPANY] 

2*[28. Preparation and sanctioning of schemes. (1) For the efficient performance of its duties under this Act, the Board or a
Generating Company, as the case may be, may prepare one or more schemes, relating to the establishment or acquisition of generating stations, tie-lines, sub-stations or transmission lines as are referred to in clause (e) of section 18 or clause (c) of sub-section
(1) of section 18A, as the case may be.

 

(2) The Board or, as the case may be, the Generating Company, which has prepared a scheme, may sanction such scheme either generally or in respect of any part of the area specified in the scheme and where a scheme has been sanctioned in respect of any part of the area, such scheme may subsequently be sanctioned in respect of any other part of that area:

Provided that where the scheme is of the nature referred to in sub-section (1) of section 29, the scheme shall not be sanctioned
(generally or for part of an area) by the Board or the Generating
Company except with the previous concurrence of the Authority.

3*[(2A) The Board or, as the case may be, the Generating Company shall, as soon as may be after it has sanctioned any scheme which is not of the nature referred to in section 29, forward the scheme to the
Authority and, if required by the Authority so to do, supply to the
Authority any information incidental or supplementary to the scheme within such period as may be specified by the Authority.]

(3) Every scheme sanctioned under this section shall be published in the Official Gazette and in such local newspapers as the Board or, as the case may be, the Generating Company may consider necessary.

29.Submission of schemes for concurrence of Authority, etc.

29. Submission of schemes for concurrence of Authority, etc.
4*5*[(1) Every scheme estimated to involve a capital expenditure such sum, as may be fixed by the Central Government, from time to time, by notification in the Official Gazette, shall, as soon as may be after it is prepared, be submitted to the Authority for its concurrence.]

(2) Before finalisation of any scheme of the nature referred to in sub-section (1) and the submission thereof to the Authority for concurrence, the Board or, as the case may be, the Generating Company shall cause such scheme, which among other things shall contain the estimates of the capital expenditure involved, salient features thereof and the benefits that may accrue therefrom, to be published in the Official Gazette of the State concerned and in such local newspapers as the Board or the Generating Company may consider
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 16, for the former heading (w.e.f.
8-10-1976).
2. Subs. by s. 17, ibid., for ss. 28 and 29 (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
3. Ins. by Act 48 of 1984, s. 2 (w.e.f. 1-10-84)
4. Subs. by s. 3, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-10-84)
5. Subs. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 6 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).

83.necessary along with a notice of the date, not being less than two months after the date of such publication, before which licensees and other persons interested may make representations on such scheme.

(3) The Board or, as the case may be, the Generating Company may, after considering the representations, if any, that may have been received by it and after making such inquiries as it thinks fit, modify the scheme and the scheme so finally prepared (with or with-out modifications) shall be submitted by it to the Authority along with the representations.

(4) A copy of the scheme finally prepared by the Board or, as the case may be, the Generating Company under sub-section (3) shall be forwarded to the State Government or State Governments concerned:

Provided that where the scheme has been prepared by a Generating
Company in relation to which the Central Government is the
1*[competent government or one of the competent governments] a copy of the scheme finally prepared shall be forwarded also to the Central
Government.

(5) The Authority may give such directions as to the form and contents of a scheme and the procedure to be followed in, and any other matter relating to, the preparation, submission and approval of such scheme, as it may think fit.

(6) In respect of any scheme submitted to the Authority for its concurrence under sub-section (1), the Board or, as the case may be, the Generating Company shall, if required by the Authority so to do, supply any information incidental or supplementary to the scheme within such period, being not less than one month, as may be specified by the Authority.]

30.

Matters to be considered by the Authority.

30. Matters to be considered by the Authority. 2*[The Authority shall, before concurring in any scheme submitted to it under sub-
section (1) of section 29, have particular regard to, whether or not in its opinion–]

(a) any river-works proposed 3*** will prejudice the prospects for the best ultimate development of the river or its tributaries for power-generation, consistent with
———————————————————————-

1. Subs. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 6 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).
2. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 18, for the opening paragraph
(w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
3. The words “by the Board” omitted by s. 18, ibid,. (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).

83A

the requirements of irrigation, navigation and flood-
control, and for this purpose the Authority 1*[shall satisfy itself, after consultation with the State
Government, the Central Government, or such other agencies as it may deem appropriate,] that an adequate study has been made of the optimum location of dams and other river works;

(b) the proposed scheme will prejudice the proper combination of hydro-electric and thermo-electric power necessary to secure the greatest possible economic output of electric power;

(c) the proposed main transmission lines will be reasonably suitable for regional requirements;

(d) the scheme provides reasonable allowances for expenditure on capital and revenue account;

(e) the estimates of prospective supplies of electricity and revenue therefrom contained in the scheme are reasonable;

2*[(f) in the case of a scheme in respect of thermal power generation, the location of the generating station is best suited to the region, taking into account the optimum utilisation of fuel resources, the distance of load centre, transportation facilities, water availability and environmental considerations;

(g) the scheme conforms to any other technical, economic or other criteria laid down by the Authority in accordance with the national power policy evolved by it in pursuance of the provisions contained in clause (i) of sub-section (1) of section 3.] 3*[and such other directions as may be given by the Central Government”]

31.Concurrence of Authority to scheme submitted to it by Board orGenerating Company.

4*[31. Concurrence of Authority to scheme submitted to it by
Board or Generating Company. (1) Where a scheme is submitted to the
Authority under sub-section (1) of section 29, the Authority may, having regard to the matters referred to in section 30, either concur in the scheme without modification or require the Board or, as the case may be, the Generating Company to modify the scheme in such manner as the Authority specifies in the requisition so as to ensure that the scheme conforms to the national power policy evolved by the
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 18, for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
2. Ins. by s. 18, ibid., (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
3. Added by Act 50 of 1991, s. 7 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).
4. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976 s. 19, for ss. 31, 32 and 33 (w.e.f. 8-
10-1976).

83B

Authority in pursuance of the provisions contained in clause (i) of sub-section (1) of section 3 and in either case the Authority shall also communicate its decision to the State Government or State
Governments concerned:

Provided that where the scheme was submitted for concurrence by a
Generating Company in relation to which the Central Government is
1*[competent government or one of the competent governments] the decision shall be communicated also to that Government.

(2) Where under sub-section (1) the Authority requires that a scheme may be modified, the Board or, as the case may be, the
Generating Company may prepare a revised scheme in accordance with such requisition and submit it to the Authority for concurrence and thereupon the Authority shall, if satisfied that the revised scheme complies with the requisition, concur in the same.

32.Power to alter or extend schemes.

32. Power to alter or extend schemes. The Board or, as the case may be, the Generating Company may, from time to time, alter or extend a scheme by a supplementary scheme prepared and sanctioned in the manner hereinbefore provided:

Provided that any alterations or extensions of a scheme which are, in the opinion of the Board or, as the case may be, the
Generating Company, minor in character may be made without preparing a supplementary scheme:

Provided further that where any alteration or extension of the nature referred to in the first proviso is made in respect of a scheme concurred in by the Authority, details of such alteration or extension shall be intimated to the Authority as soon as may be after such alteration or extension is made.

33.Provisions applicable to scheme prepared by State Government.

33. Provisions applicable to scheme prepared by State Government.
The provisions of sections 28 to 32 (both inclusive) shall, so far as may be, apply also in relation to a scheme prepared by a State
Government for the generation, transmission or distribution of electricity.]

34.Controlled stations.

34. Controlled stations. 2*[(1)] Where a generating station situate within an area for whih a scheme is in force has been designated in the scheme as a controlled station, the relations between the Board and the licensee
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 8 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).
2. S. 34 renumbered as sub-section (1) of that section, by Act 115.of 1976, s. 20 (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

owning the station shall, subject to any arrangements agreed under section 47, be regulated by the provisions of the First Schedule.

1*[(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act or any scheme made thereunder, no generating station owned by a Generating
Company shall be designated as a controlled station.]

35.Supply by the Board to licensees owning generating stations.

35. Supply by the Board to licensees owning generating stations.
The Board may at any time declare to a licensee owning a generating station, other than a controlled station, situate within an area for which a scheme is in force that it is ready to make a supply of electricity available to the licensee for the purposes of his undertaking, and thereupon, but without prejudice to the provisions of section 47. the provisions of the Second Schedule shall apply in respect of the relations between the Board and the said licensee.

36.Power to Board to close down generating stations.

36. Power to Board to close down generating stations. The Board may at may time declare to a licensee owning a generating station situate within an area for which a scheme is in force that the station shall be permanently closed down, and thereupon but without prejudice to the provisions of section 47, where the station is a controlled station the provisions of Part III of the First Schedule, or in other cases the First Schedule, or in other cases the provisions of the
Third Schedule, shall apply in respect of the relations between the
Board and the said licensee with reference to the station to be closed down.

37.Purchase of generating stations or undertakings or main transmissionlines by the Board.

37. Purchase of generating stations or undertakings or main transmission lines by the Board. (1) Where under the First or Third
Schedule any generating station or undertaking is to be purchased by the Board, or where a sanctioned scheme provides for the purchase by the Board of a main transmission line belonging to any licensee,-

(a) the generating station or undertaking from such date of purchase as may be fixed under the appropriate schedule, or the main transmission line from such date of purchase as the Board shall, by notice in writing given not less than one month before the said date, intimate to the licensee, shall vest in the Board free, save as provided in sub-section (2), from any debt, mortgage, lien or other similar obligation of the licensee or attaching to the station or undertaking or line, as the case may be, and any such debt, mortgage, lien or obligation shall, save as aforesaid attach to the purchase-money in substitution of the station or undertaking or line:
———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 20 (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

83D

Provided that notwithstanding any agreement to the contrary the licensee shall pay and the mortgagee, chargee, lienholder or obligee shall accept the whole or part of the purchase money as the case may be in full or part satisfaction of the debt according as the amount of the purchase money is more or less than the amount of his debt;

(b) without prejudice to the provisions of section 47, the
Board shall pay, or tender payment of, the price to be determined in accordance with the Fourth Schedule as soon as the amount thereof has been determined, together with interest on such amount from the date of purchase to the date of payment or tender of payment as aforesaid at the rate of one per centum over the average of the Reserve Bank rates between the said dates;

(c) the receipt of the licensee shall notwithstanding anything in any other law, be a full and sufficient discharge to the Board for the payment due in respect of the purchase.

(2) Where a generating station or undertaking or main transmission line purchased by the Board under this Act is in course of construction, extension or repair at the date of purchase, the rights and liabilities of the former owner thereof under any contract for such construction, extension or repair shall be deemed to have been transferred to the Board, except such rights or liabilities acquired or incurred after the date of receipt of the notice of purchase with-out the prior sanction of the Board.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained elsewhere in this Act-

(i) where any generating station purchased by the Board under this Act contains any plant or apparatus which, while the station was in operation, were used jointly for the purposes of generation and transmission or distribution or wholly for the purposes of transmission or distribution, then unless otherwise agreed between the Board and the licensee, such plant or apparatus shall not be purchased by the Board but shall remain the property of the licensee;

(ii) where under the provisions of section 28 a scheme provides for the purchase of any main transmission line belonging to any licensee the Board shall not exercise

83E

the powers of acquisition thereby afforded without the prior consent of the licensee, which consent shall not be unreasonably withheld.

38.Provision of new generating stations

38. [Provision of new generating stations.] Rep. by the
Electricity (Supply) Amendment Act, 1976 (115 of 1976), s. 21.39.Operation of Boards generating stations.

39. Operation of Boards generating stations. 1*[(1)] Where the
Board itself establishes a new generating station or acquires a generating station otherwise than for the purpose of closing it down, it shall operate the station itself, but the Board may with the sanction of the State Government, make arrangements with any licensee or other person for its operation, if in the opinion of the Board it is desirable so to do.

2*[(2) Where a Generating Company has been established having its activities wholly or partly in a State, the State Government may direct the Board to make over any generating station established or acquired by the Board to the Generating Company subject to such terms and conditions as may be specified in the direction and the Board shall comply with such direction:

Provided that where the Central Government is the 3*[Competent government or one of the competent governments] in relation to the
Generating Company, no direction shall be made by any State Government under this sub-section without the concurrence of the Central
Government.]

3*[(3) For the purposes of this section, no direction shall be issued to a Generating Company wholly or partly owned by the Central
Government, unless and until the prior concurrence of that Government is obtained.]

40.

Provision regarding connections with main transmission lines purchasedby the
Board.

40. Provision regarding connections with main transmission lines purchased by the Board. Where the Board has purchased a main transmission line and by reason of the user thereof by the Board any alteration or replacement of switch-gear or other apparatus of any licensee connected with the line becomes necessary, the Board may in its discretion itself carry out such alteration or replacement at its own cost or defray the reasonable expenses incurred by the licensee in effecting such alteration or replacement; and any question whether such alteration or replacement is necessary or whether the expenses incurred in connection therewith are reasonable shall in default of agreement be determined 4*[by arbitration] as provided under section
76.———————————————————————-
1. S. 39 renumbered as sub-section (1) of that section, by Act 115.of 1976, s. 22 (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
2. Ins. by s. 22, ibid. (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
3. Subs. & ins. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 9 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).
4. Ins. by Act 30 of 1966, s. 10.83F

41.Use by Board of transmission lines.

41. Use by Board of transmission lines. (1) Where 1*[the Board or a Generating Company] considers it necessary to use for any of its purposes any transmission lines or main transmission lines of a licensee, 1*[the Board or a Generating Company] shall have power to use such lines to the extent to which the capacity thereof is or thereafter remains surplus to the requirements of the licensee for the transmission of electricity, on payment of charges calculated in accordance with the provisions of the Fifth Schedule.

(2) 2*[The Board or a Generating Company may], by agreement with any licensee or other person, use any transmission line or main transmission line of that licensee or person for such time and upon such terms as may be agreed.

42.Powers to Board for placing wires, poles, etc.

42. Powers to Board for placing wires, poles, etc. 3*[(1)]
Notwithstanding anything contained in sections 12 to 16 and 18 and 19.of the Indian Electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), but without prejudice to the requirements of section 17 of that Act where provision in such behalf is made in a sanctioned scheme, the Board shall have, for the placing of any wires, poles, wall-brackets, stays, apparatus and appliances for the transmission and distribution of electricity, or for the transmission of telegraphic or telephonic communications necessary for the proper co-ordination of the works of the Board, all the powers which the telegraph authority possesses under Part III of the Indian Telegraph Act, 1885 (13 of 1885), with regard to a telegraph established or maintained by the Government or to be so established or maintained:

Provided that where a sanctioned scheme does not make such provision as aforesaid, all the provisions of sections 12 to 19 of the first-mentioned Act shall apply to the works of the Board.

4*[(2) A Generating Company may, for the placing of wires, poles, wall-brackets, stays, apparatus and appliances for the transmission of electricity, or for the transmission of telegraphic or telephonic communications necessary for the proper co-ordination of the works of the Generating Company, exercise all or any of the powers which the
Board may exercise under sub-section (1) and subject to the conditions referred to therein.]
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 23, for “the Board” (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
2. Subs. by s. 23, ibid., for “The Board may” (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
3. S. 42 renumbered as sub-section (1) of that section by s. 24, ibid. (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
4. Ins. by s. 24, ibid. (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

83G

43.Power to Board to enter into arrangements for purchase or sale ofelectricity under certain conditions.

43. Power to Board to enter into arrangements for purchase or sale of electricity under certain conditions. (1) The Board may enter into arrangements with any person producing electricity within the
State for the purchase by the Board, on such terms as may be agreed, of any surplus electricity which that person may be able to dispose of.

(2) Where a sanctioned scheme so provides, the Board may, on such terms as may be agreed upon, enter into arrangements with any
Government or person for the purchase or sale of electricity to be generated or used outside the State:

Provided that the Board may not enter into such arrangements with any such Government or person without the consent of the State
Government, or into arrangements with any such person without the consent of the Government of the State within which the electricity is to be generated or used.

4* * * * *

43A.

Terms, conditions and tariff for sale of electricity by GeneratingCompany.

2*[43A. Terms, conditions and tariff for sale of electricity by
Generating Company. (1) A Generating Company may enter into a contract for the sale of electricity generated by it-

(a) with the Board constituted for the State or any of the
States in which a generating station owned or operated by the company is located;

(b) with the Board constituted for any other State in which it is carrying on its activities in pursuance of sub-
section (3) of section 15A; and

(c) with any other person with consent of the competent government or governments.

(2) The tariff for the sale of electricity by a Generating
Company to the Board shall be determined in accordance with the norms regarding operation and the Plant Load Factor as may be laid down by the Authority and in accordance with the rates of depreciation and reasonable return and such other factors as may be determined, from time to time, by the Central Government, by notification in the
Official Gazette:

Provided that the terms, conditions and tariff for such sale shall, in respect of a Generating Company wholly or partly owned by the Central Government, be such as may be determined by the Central
Government and in respect of a Generating Company wholly or partly owned by one or more State Governments be such as may be determined, from time to time, by the government or governments concerned.]

44.Restriction on establishment of new generating stations or majoradditions or replacement of plant in generating stations.

44. Restriction on establishment of new generating stations or major additions or replacement of plant in generating stations. (1)
Notwithstanding anything contained in any other law for the time being in force or in any licence, but subject to the provisions of this Act, it shall not be lawful for a licensee, or any other person, not being the Central Government or any Corporation created by 3*[a Central Act]
4*[or any Generating Company], except with the previous consent in writing of the Board, to establish or acquire a new generating station or to extend or replace any major unit of plant or works pertaining to the generation of electricity in a generating station:
———————————————————————-
1. Omitted by Act 50 of 1991, s. 10 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).
2. Ins. by s. 11, ibid. (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).
3. Subs. by the A. O. 1950 for “legislation enacted by the Central
Legislature”.
4. Ins. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 26 (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

83H

Provided that such consent shall not, except in relation to a controlled station, be withheld unless within three months from the date of receipt of an application-

(a) for consent to the establishment or acquisition of a new generating station, the Board-

(i) gives to the applicant being a licensee an undertaking that it is competent to, and will, within twenty-four months from the said date, afford to him a supply of electricity sufficient for his requirements pursuant to his application; or

(ii) shows to the applicant that the electricity required by him pursuant to his application could be more economically obtained within a reasonable time from another appropriate source;

(b) for consent to the extension of any major unit of plant or works as aforesaid, the Board-

(i) gives to the applicant being a licensee an undertaking that within twenty-four months from the said date either the station to which the application pertains will become a controlled station in terms of section 34, or the Board will make a declaration to the applicant in terms of section 35 offering him a supply of electricity sufficient for his requirements pursuant to his application, or the Board will make a declaration to him in terms of section 36; or

(ii) shows to the applicant that the electricity required by him pursuant to his application could be more economically obtained within a reasonable time from another appropriate source or by other appropriate means;

(c) for consent to the replacement of any major unit of plant or works, the Board-

(i) gives to the applicant being a licensee an undertaking that within eighteen months from the said date either the station to which the application pertains will become a controlled station in terms of section 34 or the Board will make a declaration to him in terms of section 36; or

83I

(ii) shows to the applicant that the electricity required by him pursuant to his application could be more economically obtained within a reasonable time from another appropriate source or by other appropriate means.

(2) There shall be stated in every application under this section such particulars as the Board may reasonably require of the station, plant or works, as the case may be, in respect of which it is made, and where consent is given thereto, in acting in pursuance of such consent, the applicant shall not, without the further consent of the
Board, make any material variation in the particulars so stated.

1*[(2A) The Board shall, before giving consent under sub-section
(1), to the establishment or acquisition of a new generating station or to the extension or replacement of any major unit of plant or works, consult the Authority, in cases where the capacity of the new generating station or, as the case may be, the additional capacity proposed to be created by the extension or replacement exceeds twenty-
five thousand kilowatts.]

(3) Any difference or dispute arising out of the provisions of this section shall be referred to the arbitration of the Authority.

45.Power to Board to enter upon and shut down generating stations incertain circumstances.

45. Power to Board to enter upon and shut down generating stations in certain circumstances. (1) If any licensee fails to close down his generating station pursuant to a declaration of the Board under section 36, or if any person establishes or acquires a new generating station or extends or replaces any plant or works in any generating station in contravention of section 44, the Board may authorize any of its officers to enter upon the premises of such station and shut down the station or the plant or works, as the case may be, in respect of which the failure or contravention has occurred.

(2) Any expenses incurred by the Board under this section shall be recoverable by it from the licensee or person concerned as an arrear of land revenue, and for such purpose the Board shall be deemed to be a public officer within the meaning of section 5 of the Revenue
Recovery Act, 1890 (1 of 1890).

(3) Any difference or dispute arising out of the provisions of this section shall be referred to the arbitration of the Authority.

46.The Grid Tariff.

46. The Grid Tariff. (1) A tariff to be known as the Grid Tariff shall, in accordance with any regulations made in this behalf, be fixed from time
———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 26 (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).

84.to time by the Board in respect of each area for which a scheme is in force, and tariffs fixed under this section may, if the Board thinks fit, differ for different areas.

(2) Without prejudice to the provisions of section 47, the Grid
Tariff shall apply to sales of electricity by the Board to licensees where so required under any of the First, Second and Third Schedules, and shall, subject as hereinafter provided, also be applicable to sales of electricity by the Board to licensees in other cases:

Provided that if in any such other case it appears to the Board that, having regard to the extent of the supply required, the transmission expenses involved in affording the supply are higher than those allowed in fixing the Grid Tariff, the Board may make such additional charges as it considers appropriate.

(3) The Grid Tariff shall be so framed as to include as part of the charge, and show separately a fixed kilowatt charges component and a running charges component:

Provided that if in respect of any area the electricity to be sold by Board is wholly or substantially derived from hydro-electric sources the running charges component may be omitted.

(4) The fixed kilowatt charges component in the Grid Tariff may be framed so as to vary with the magnitude of maximum demand.

(5) Where only a portion of a licensees maximum demand for the purposes of his undertaking is chargeable at the Grid Tariff, the price payable for that portion shall not be greater than the average price which would have been payable had the whole of the said maximum demand of the licensee been chargeable at the Grid Tariff.

(6) The Grid Tariff may contain provisions for-

(a) adjustment of price having regard to the power factor of supply taken or the cost of fuel or both;

(b) a minimum charge related to a past or prospective demand of a licensee on the Board.

(7) The Grid Tariff may contain such other terms and conditions, not inconsistent with this Act and the regulations, as the Board thinks fit.

47.Power to Board to make alternative arrangements with licensees.

47. Power to Board to make alternative arrangements with licensees. Notwithstanding anything contained in sections 34 to 37 and sub-section (2) of section 46 but subject to any regulations made in this behalf, the Board may make such arrangements as may be mutually agreed with any licensee whose area of supply is situate

85.The works and trading procedure of the Board and the Generating
Company.

within an area for which a scheme is in force, in regard to the purchase or sale of electricity and the price thereof, or the purchase, operation or control of any generating station or main transmission line:

Provided that in making any such arrangement the Board shall not show under preference to any licensee.

48.Power to licensee to carry out arrangements under this Act.

48. Power to licensee to carry out arrangements under this Act.
Where under any provision of this Act the Board is authorized or required to enter into arrangements with any licensee for any purpose, then notwithstanding anything contained in any law or in any licence, memorandum of association or other instrument regulating the constitution or powers of the licensee, it shall be lawful for the licensee to enter into and carry out any such arrangements.

49.Provision for the sale of electricity by the Board to persons otherthan licensees.

1*[49. Provision for the sale of electricity by the Board to persons other than licensees. (1) Subject to the provisions of this
Act and of regulations, if any, made in this behalf, the Board may supply electricity to any person not being a licensee upon such terms and conditions as the Board thinks fit and may for the purposes of such supply frame uniform tariffs.

(2) In fixing the uniform tariffs, the Board shall have regard to all or any of the following factors, namely:-

(a) the nature of the supply and the purposes for which it is required;

(b) the co-ordinated development of the supply and distribution of electricity within the State in the most efficient and economical manner, with particular reference to such development in areas not for the time being served or adequately served by the licensee;

(c) the simplification and standardisation of methods and rates of charges for such supplies;

(d) the extension and cheapening of supplies of electricity to sparsely developed areas.

(3) Nothing in the foregoing provisions of this section shall derogate from the power of the Board, if it considers it necessary or expedient to fix different tariffs for the supply of electricity to any person not being a licensee, having regard to the geographical position of any area, the nature of the supply and purpose for which supply is required and any other relevant factors.

(4) In fixing the tariff and terms and conditions for the supply of electricity, the Board shall not show undue preference to any person.]
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 30 of 1966, s. 11, for former s. 49.(retrospectively).

86.50.

Board not to supply electricity in certain circumstances.

50. Board not to supply electricity in certain circumstances.
Nothing contained in sections 34, 35 and 36 shall apply in any case where under section 19, it is not permissible for the Board to supply electricity directly to a licensee owning a generating station; and nothing in sections 46, 47 and 49 shall empower the Board to supply electricity directly to any licensee or person to whom it is not otherwise entitled so to supply electricity.

51.Provisional payments.

51. Provisional payments. Where the price to be paid for electricity by or to the Board under this Act cannot be finally ascertained until after the end of a year of account, the amount to be paid shall be ascertained as soon as practicable thereafter, but the part from whom the payment is due shall make to the other monthly payments on account of the net amounts due in accordance with estimates made for the purpose, subject to adjustment as soon after the end of the year of account as the actual liability can be ascertained.

52.Lower limit of power factor in supply by Board.

52. Lower limit of power factor in supply by Board. Unless otherwise agreed between the Board and the licensee, no supply of electricity taken by a licensee from the Board under this Act shall be taken at an average power factor below 0.85 during the period of maximum demand of the licensee in any month and in the event of the average power factor as aforesaid being lower than 0.85, the licensee shall within a reasonable time take such measures, the cost of which shall not be borne by the Board, as may be necessary to raise it to a value not lower than 0.85.53.Provision of accommodation and right of way.

53. Provision of accommodation and right of way. (1) Where the
Board for the purposes of any arrangements which it has made with any licensee under this Act requires accommodation on, in, under or over the premises of the licensee for any works or apparatus to be provided by the Board, the licensee shall, if suitable and sufficient accommodation exist, grant such accommodation free of cost to the
Board, or if such accommodation does not exist, it shall be provided upon such terms and conditions as may be agreed between the Board and the licensee.

(2) The Board and any licensee shall each have a right of access at all times to his own property on, in, over and under the property of the other.

54.Power to Board to connect meters, etc., to apparatus of licensees.

54. Power to Board to connect meters, etc., to apparatus of licensees. The Board shall have power to connect with the apparatus of any licensee any such correct meters, switch-gear and other equipment as may be necessary to enable it to carry out the provisions of this
Act, and such meters, switch-gear and other equipment shall, unless otherwise agreed, be provided and maintained by the Board at its own cost.

86A

The works and trading procedure of the Board and the Generating
Company.

55.Compliance of directions of the Regional Electricity Board, etc., bylicensees or Generating Companies.

1*[55. Compliance of directions of the Regional Electricity
Board, etc., by licensees or Generating Companies. (1) Every licensee shall comply with such reasonable directions as the Board may, from time to time, give him for the purpose of achieving the maximum economy and efficiency in the operation of his undertaking or any part thereof.

(2) Every licensee or Generating Company shall follow all the directions of the Regional Electricity Boards and shall conduct their operations in accordance with the instructions of the Regional Load
Despatch Centre so as to ensure integrated grid operations.

(3) If any dispute arises with reference to the integrated grid operations as to whether any direction given under sub-section (1) or sub-section (2), is reasonable or not, it shall be referred to the
Authority, whose decision thereon shall be final; so, however, pending the decision of the Authority, directions of the Regional Electricity
Boards or the Regional Load Despatch Centres shall prevail in the interest of smooth operation of the integrated grid.]

56.Leases of generating stations.

56. Leases of generating stations. No licensee shall, except with the previous approval in writing of the Board and subject to any conditions which the Board may think fit to impose, enter into any arrangement whereby any generating station is to be let or held on lease by him, and any such
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 12 (w.e.f. 15-10-1991).

87.arrangement entered into in contravention of this sub-section shall be void and of no effect.

57.Licensees charges to consumers.

1*[57. Licensees charges to consumers. The provisions of the
Sixth Schedule 2*** shall be deemed to be incorporated in the licence of every licensee, not being a local authority–

(a) in the case of a licence granted before the commencement of this Act, from the date of the commencement of the licensees next succeding year of account; and

(b) in the case of a licence granted after the commencement of this Act, from the date of the commencement of supply,

and as from the said date, the licensee shall comply with the provisions of 3*[the said Schedule] accordingly, and any provisions of the Indian electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), and the licence granted to him thereunder and of any other law, agreement or instrument applicable to the licensee shall, in relation to the licensee, be void and of no effect in so far as they are inconsistent with the provisions of section 57A and 3*[the said Schedule].

57A.

Rating committee.

57A. Rating committee. (1) Where the provisions of the Sixth
Schedule 4*** are under section 57 deemed to be incorporated in the licence of any licensee, the following provisions shall have effect in relation to the said licensee, namely:-

(a) the Board or where no Board is constituted under this
Act, the State Government-

(i) may, if satisfied that the licensee has failed to comply with any of the provisions of the Sixth
Schedule; and

(ii) shall, when so requested by the licensee in writing,

constitute a rating committee to examine the licensees charges for the supply of electricity and to make recommendations in that behalf to the State Government:

Provided that where it is proposed to constitute a rating committee under this section on account of the failure of the licensee to comply with any provisions of the Sixth Schedule, such committee shall not be constituted unless the licensee has been given a notice in writing of thirty clear days (which period, if the circumstances so warrant may be extended from time to time) to show cause against the action proposed to be taken:

Provided further that no such rating committee shall be constituted if the alleged failure of the licensee to comply with any provisions of the Sixth Schedule raises any dispute or difference as to the interpretation of the said provisions or any matter arising therefrom and
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 14, for s. 57.2. Omitted by Act 23 of 1978, s. 6.3. Subs. by s. 6, ibid.
4. Omitted by s. 7, ibid.

88.such difference or dispute has been referred by the licensee to the arbitration of the Authority under paragraph XVI of that Schedule before the notice referred to in the preceding proviso was given or is so referred within the period of the said notice;

Provided further that no rating committee shall be constituted in respect of a licensee within three years from the date on which such a committee has reported in respect of that licensee, unless the State Government declares that in its opinion circumstances have arisen rendering the orders passed on the recommendations of the previous rating committee unfair to the licensee or any of his consumers;

(b) a rating committee under clause (a) shall,–

(i) where such committee is to be constituted under sub-clause (i) of that clause, be constituted not later than three months after the expiry of the notice referred to in the first proviso to that clause;

(ii) where such committee is to be constituted at the request of the licensee, be constituted within three months of the date of such request;

(c) a rating committee shall, after giving the licensee a reasonable opportunity of being heard and after taking into consideration the efficiency of operation and management and the potentialities of his undertaking, report to the State Government within three months from the date of its constitution, making recommendations with reasons therefor, regarding the charges for electricity which the license may make to any class or classes of consumers so, however, that the recommendations are not likely to prevent the licensee from earning clear profit sufficient when taken with the sums available in the Tariffs and Dividends Control
Reserve to afford him a reasonable

89.The works and trading procedure of the Board and the Generating
Company.

return as defind in the Sixth Schedule during his next succeeding three years of account:

Provided that the State Government may, if it so deems necessary, extend the said period of three months by a further period not exceeding three months within which the report of the rating committee may be submitted to it;

(d) within one month after the receipt of the report under clause (c), the State Government shall cause the report to be published in the Official Gazette, and may at the same time make an order in accordance therewith fixing the licensees charges for the supply of electricity with effect from such date, not earlier than two months or later than three months, after the date of publication of the report as may be specified in the order and the licensee shall forthwith give effect to such order;

(e) the charges for the supply of electricity fixed under clause (d) shall be in operation for such period not exceeding three years as the State Government may specify in the order:

Provided that nothing in this clause shall be deemed to prevent a licensee from reducing at any time any charges so fixed.

(2) Where a Board is constituted under this Act, the rating committee shall consist of three members as follows:-

(i) one member shall be nominated by the State Government who shall be a person who is or has been a judicial officer not below the rank of a District Judge;

(ii) one member shall be a member of the Board having experience of accounting and financial matters; and

(iii)one member shall be a representative co-opted jointly by the two members referred to in clauses (i) and (ii)
from an association of licensees of which the licensee concerned is or is eligible to be a member, and if there is no such association, from such Chamber of
Commerce or similar body as the State Government may direct.

(3) Where no Board is constituted under this Act, the rating committee shall consist of five members of whom three members shall be nominated by the State Government, one member shall be nominated by the licensee and one member shall be nominated by the

90

association referred to in sub-section (2) or if there is no such association, by such Chamber of Commerce or similar body as the State
Government may direct.

(4) Of the three members to be nominated by the State Government under sub-section (3), one shall be a person who is or has been a judicial officer not below the rank of a District Judge, one shall be a registered accountant within the meaning of the Chartered
Accountants Act, 1949 (38 of 1949), having at least ten years
experience and one shall be a person with administrative experience.

(5) The judicial member of a rating committee shall be its chairman.

(6) A rating committee may act notwithstanding that one of its members is absent.

(7) The expenditure incurred in connection with a rating committee as certified by it shall be payable,-

(a) where the rating committee was constituted at the request of a licensee, or where the rating committee has held that the licensee has failed to comply with any of the provisions of the Sixth Schedule, by the licensee from that part of the clear profit to which the licensee is entitled under that Schedule;

(b) in any other case, by the board or the State
Government, as the case may be.

(8) Where a licensee makes default in paying any amount which he is liable to pay under sub-section (7), such amount may, on application to a Civil Court having jurisdiction, be recovered from the licensee by the distress and sale of any movable property of the licensee.

57B.

Power of rating committee to call for information, etc.

57B. Power of rating committee to call for information, etc. A
rating committee constituted under section 57A may, for the purpose of discharging its functions, by notice in writing, require the licensee to give such information, or to furnish such accounts and other documents in his possession or power, as may be specified in the notice.]

58.Power to direct amortisation and tariffs policies of licensees beinglocal authorities.

58. Power to direct amortisation and tariffs policies of licensees being local authorities. The Board or where no Board is constituted under this Act, the State Government shall have power to direct the amortisation and tariffs policies of any licensee, being a local authority, with respect to his licensed undertaking in such manner as the Board or the State Government, as the case may be, after giving the local authority a reasonable opportunity of being heard, considers expedient for the

91.purposes of the Act; and the licensee, being a local authority, the provisions of any other law or of any rules made or directions given thereunder notwithstanding, shall give effect to any such directions of the Board or the State Government, as the case may be:

1*[Provided that the Board shall not issue any directions under this section except after obtaining the prior approval of the State
Government.]

CHAPTER VITHE BOARDS FINANCE, ACCOUNTS AND AUDIT

 

 2*[59. General principles for Boards finance. (1) The Board shall, after taking credit for any subvention from the State
Government under section 63, carry on its operations under this Act and adjust its tariffs so as to ensure that the total revenues in any year of account shall, after meeting all expenses properly chargeable to revenues, including operating, maintenance and management expenses, taxes (if any) on income and profits, depreciation and interest payable on all debentures, bonds and loans, 3*[leave such surplus as is not less than three per cent., or such higher percentage, as the
State Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, specify in this behalf, of the value of the fixed assets of the Board in service at the beginning of such year.

Explanation.–For the purposes of this sub-section, “value of the fixed assets of the Board in service at the beginning of the year”
means the original cost of such fixed assets as reduced by the aggregate of the cumulative depreciation in respect of such assets calculated in accordance with the provision of this Act and consumers
contributions for service lines.]

(2) In specifying 3*[any higher percentage] under sub-section
(1), the State Government shall have due regard to the availability of amounts accrued by way of depreciation and the liability for loan amortization and leave-

(a) a reasonable sum to contribute towards the cost of capital works; and

(b) where in respect of the Board, a notification has been issued under sub-section (1) of section 12A, a reasonable sum by way of return on the capital provided by the State Government under sub-section (3) of that section and the amount of the loans (if any) converted by the State Government into capital under sub-section
(1) of section 66A.]

60.

Board to assume, obligations of State Government in respect of mattersto which this Act applies.

60. Board to assume, obligations of State Government in respect of matters to which this Act applies. (1) All debts and obligations incurred, all contracts entered into and all matters and things engaged to be done by, with or for the State Government for any of the purposes of this Act before the first constitution of the Board shall be deemed to have been incurred, entered into or engaged to be done by, with or for the Board; and all suits or other legal proceedings instituted or which might but for the issue of the notification under sub-section (4) of section 1 have been instituted by or against the
State Government may be continued or instituted by or against the
Board.

4*[(IA) All schemes sanctioned by the State Government and transferred to the Board shall, for the purposes of this Act be deemed to have been sanctioned by the Board.]
———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 15.2. Subs. by Act. 23 of 1978, s. 8.3. Subs. by Act 16 of 1983, s. 2 (w.e.f. 1-4-1985).
4. Ins. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 16.92.(2) All expenditure which the State Government may, not later than 1*[one year] after the first constitution of the Board, declare to have been incurred 2*** on capital account in connection with the purposes of this Act shall be deemed to be a loan advanced to the
Board under section 64 on the date of the said declaration, and all the assets acquired by such expenditure shall thereupon vest in the
Board.

60A.

Period of limitation extended in certain cases.

3*[60A. Period of limitation extended in certain cases. Where the right to recover any amount due to the State Government for or in connection with the consumption of electricity is vested in the Board and the period of limitation to enforce such right has expired before the constitution of the Board, or within three years of its constitution, then, notwithstanding anything contained in the Indian
Limitation Act, 1908 (9 of 1908), or any other law for the time being in force relating to limitation of action, the Board may institute a suit for the recovery of such amount,-

(i) where it has been constituted before the commencement of the Electricity (Supply) Amendment Act, 1966, (30 of
1966) within three years of such commencement; and

(ii) where it has been constituted after such commencement, within three years of its constitution.]

61.Annual financial statement.

61. Annual financial statement. (1) In February of each year the
Board shall submit to the State Government a statement in the prescribed form of the estimated capital and revenue receipts and expenditure for the ensuing year.

(2) The said statement shall include a statement of the salaries of 4*[members and officers and other employees] of the Board and of such other particulars as may be prescribed.

(3) The State Government shall as soon as may be after the receipt of the said statement cause it to be laid on the table of the
5*[House], or as the case may be, 6*[Houses] of the State Legislature;
and the said statement shall be open to discussion therein, but shall not be subject to vote.

(4) The Board shall take into consideration any comments made on the said statement in the State Legislature.

(5) The Board may at any time during the year in respect of which a statement under sub-section (1) has been submitted, submit to the
State Government a supplementary statement, and all the provisions of this section shall apply to such statement as they apply to the statement under the said sub-section.

62.Restriction on unbudgeted expenditure.

62. Restriction on unbudgeted expenditure. (1) Save where in the opinion of the Board circumstances of extreme urgency have arisen, no sum exceeding 7*[seventy-five thousand] rupees on account
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 9, for “two months”.
2. Omitted by s. 9, ibid.
3. Ins. by Act 30 of 1966, s. 12.4. Subs. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 10, for “members, officers and servants”.
5. Subs. by the A. O 1950, for “Chamber”.
6. Subs., ibid., for “Chambers”.
7. Subs. by Act 30 of 1966, s. 13, for “twenty-five thousand”.

93.of recurring expenditure or exceeding 1*[three lakhs] of rupees on account of non-recurring expenditure shall be expended by the Board in any year of account unless such sum has been included in a statement submitted under sub-section (1) or sub-section (5) of section 61.(2) Where any such sum is expended under circumstances of extreme urgency 2*[, it shall be expended in accordance with the regulations made by the Board with the previous approval of the State Government and] a report thereon indicating the source from which it is proposed to meet the expenditure shall be made as soon as practicable to the
State Government.

63.Subventions to the Board.

63. Subventions to the Board. The State Government may, with the approval of the State Legislature, from time to time make subventions to the Board for the purposes of this Act on such terms and conditions as the State Government may determine.

64.Loans to the Board.

64. Loans to the Board. The State Government may from time to time advance loans to the Board on such terms and conditions, not inconsistent with the provisions of this Act, as the State Government may determine.

65.Power of Board to borrow.

65. Power of Board to borrow. (1) The Board may from time to time, with the previous sanction of the State Government and subject to the provisions of this Act and to such conditions as may be prescribed in this behalf, borrow any sum required for the purposes of this Act.

(2) Rules made by the State Government for the purposes of this section may empower the Board to borrow by the 3*[issue of debentures or bonds] or otherwise and to make arrangements with bankers, and may apply to the Board with such modifications as may be necessary to be consistent with this Act the provisions of the Local Authorities Loans
Act. 1914 (9 of 1914) and the rules made thereunder as if the Board were a local authority.

(3) The maximum amount which the Board may at any time have on loan under sub-section (1) shall be ten crores of rupees, unless the
State Government, with the approval of the State Legislative Assembly, fixes a higher maximum amount.

(4) 4*[Debentures or bonds issued] by the Board under this section shall be issued, transferred, dealt with and redeemed in such manner as may be prescribed.

66.Guarantee of loans.

66. Guarantee of loans. The State Government may guarantee in such manner as it thinks fit the payment of the principal and interest of any loan proposed to be raised by the Board or of either the principal or the interest:

Provided that the State Government shall, so long as any such guarantees are in force, lay before the 5*[House] or, as the case may be, 6*[Houses] of the State Legislature in every year during the budget session a statement of the guarantees,
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 13 of 1966, s. 13, for “one lakh”.
2. Ins. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 11.3. Subs. by s. 12, ibid., for “issue of bonds or stock”.
4. Subs. by s. 12, ibid., for “Stock issued”.
5. Subs. by the A. O. 1950, for “Chamber”.
6. Subs., ibid., or “Chambers”.

94.if any, given during the current financial year of the State, and an up-to-date account of the total sums, if any, which have been paid out of State revenues by reason of any such guarantees or paid into State revenues towards repayment of any money so paid out.

66A.

Conversion of amount of loans into capital.

1*[66A. Conversion of amount of loans into capital. (1)
Notwithstanding anything contained in section 12A, where any loan has been obtained from the State Government by Government by a Board, in respect of which Board a notification has been made under sub-section
(1) of that section, or any loan is deemed to be advanced to such
Board by the State Government under sub-section (2) of section 60, the
State Government may, if in its opinion it is necessary in the public interest so to do, by order, direct that the amount of such loan or any part thereof shall be converted into capital provided to the Board on such terms and conditions as appear to that Government to be reasonable in the circumstances of the case, even if the terms of such loan do not include a term providing for an option for such conversion.

(2) In determining the terms and conditions of such conversion, the State Government shall have due regard to the following circumstances, that is to say, the financial position of the Board, the terms of the loan, the rate of interest payable on the loan, the capital of the Board, its loan liabilities and its reserves.

(3) Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, where the
State Government has, by an order made under sub-section (1), directed that any loan or any part thereof shall be converted into capital, and such order has the effect of increasing the capital of the Board, the capital of the Board shall stand increased by the amount by which the conversion increases the capital of the Board in excess of the capital specified under sub-section (1) of section 12A:

Provided that the amount of the loan so converted together with the capital provided under sub-section (3) of section 12A shall not exceed the amount representing the aggregate of the outstanding loans of the Board after such conversion.]

67.Priority of liabilities of the Board.

2*[67. Priority of liabilities of the Board. The Board shall distribute the surplus referred to in sub-section (1) of section 59 to the extent available in a particular year in the following order, namely:-

(i) repayment of principal of any loan raised
(including redemption of debentures or bonds issued) under section 65 which becomes due for payment in the year or which became due for payment in any previous year and has remained unpaid;

(ii) repayment of principal of any loan advanced to the
Board by the State Government under section 64 which becomes due for payment in the year or which became due for payment in any previous year and has remained unpaid;

(iii) payment for purposes specified in sub-section (2)
of section 59 in such manner as the Board may decide.”]
———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 13.2. Subs. by Act 16 of 1983, s. 3 (w.e.f. 1-4-1985).

95.67A.

Interest on loans advanced by State Government to be paid only afterother expenses.

1*[67A. Interest on loans advanced by State Government to be paid only after other expenses. Any interest which is payable on loans advanced under section 64 or deemed to have been advanced under section 60 to the Board by the State Government and which is charged to revenues in any year may be paid only out of the balance of the revenues, if any, of that year which is left after meeting all the other expenses referred to in sub-section (1) of section 59 and so much of such interest as is not paid in any year by reason of the provisions of this section shall be deemed to be deferred liability and shall be discharged in accordance with the provisions of this section in the sub-sequent year or years, as the case may be.]

68.Charging of depreciation by Board.

2*[68. Charging of depreciation by Board. 3*** The Board shall provided each year for depreciation such sum calculated in accordance with such principles as the Central Government may, after consultation with the Authority, by notification in the Official Gazette, lay down from time to time.

3* * * * *

(3) The provisions of this section shall apply to the charging of depreciation for the year in which the Electricity (Supply) Amendment
Act, 1978 (23 of 1978), comes into force.]

69.Accounts and audits.

69. Accounts and audits. (1) The Board shall cause proper accounts and other records in relation thereto to be kept, including a proper system of internal check and prepare an annual statement of accounts, including the profit and loss account and the balance-sheet in such form 4*[as the Central Government may, by notification in the
Official Gazette, prescribed by rules made in this behalf in consultation with the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India and the
State Governments]

(2) The accounts of the Board shall be audited by the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India or by such person as he may authorize in this behalf and any expenditure incurred by him in connection with such audit shall be payable by the Board to the Comptroller and
Auditor-General of India.

(3) The Comptroller and Auditor-General of India and any person authorized by him in connection with the audit of the accounts of the
Board shall have
———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 16 of 1983, s. 4 (w.e.f. 1-4-1985).
2. This section was successively substituted by Act 101 of 1956, s.
18, Act 30 of 1966, s. 15 and Act 23 of 1978, s. 15 to read as above.
3. Omitted by Act 16 of 1983 s. 5 (w.e.f. 1-4-1985).
4. Subs. by s. 6, ibid. (w.e.f. 1-4-1985).

96.the same rights, privileges and authority in connection with such audit as the Comptroller and Auditor-General of India has in connection with audit of Government accounts and in particular shall have the right to demand the production of books, accounts, connected vouchers and other documents and papers, and to inspect any of the offices of the Board.

(4) The accounts of the Board as certified by the Comptroller and
Auditor-General of India or any other person authorized by him in this behalf together with the audit report thereon shall be 1*[forwarded to the Authority and to the State Government within six months of the close of the year to which the accounts and audit report relate] and that Government may issue such instructions to the Board in respect thereof as it deems fit and the Board shall comply with such instructions.

(5) The State Government shall–

(a) cause the accounts of the Board together with the audit report thereon forwarded to it under sub-section (4) to be laid annually before the State Legislature; and

(b) cause the accounts of the Board to be published in the prescribed manner and make available copies thereof on sale at a reasonable price.]

2*[(6) The provisions of sub-section (3) of section 4B shall apply in relation to any rules made by the Central Government under sub-section (1) as they apply in relation to rules made by that

CHAPTER VIIMISCELLANEOUS

 

70. Effect of other Laws. (1) No provision of the Indian
Electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), or of any rules made thereunder or of any instrument having effect by virtue of such law or rule shall, so far as it is inconsistent with any of the provisions of this Act, have any effect:

Provided that nothing in this Act shall be deemed to prevent the
State Government from granting, after consultation with the Board, a licence not inconsistent with the provisions of the Indian Electricity
Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), to any person in respect of such area and on such terms and conditions as the State Government may think fit.

(2) Save as otherwise provided in this Act, the provisions of this Act shall be in addition to, and not in derogation of, the Indian
Electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910).

71.Rights and options to purchase under Act 9 of 1910 to vest in Board.

71. [Rights and options to purchase under Act 9 of 1910 to vest in Board.] Rep. by the Indian Electricity (Amendment) Act, 1959 (32 of
1959), s. 41.———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 16, for certain words.
2. Ins. by Act 16 of 1983, s. 6 (w.e.f. 1-4-1985).

97.72.Water-power concessions to be granted only to the Board.

72. Water-power concessions to be granted only to the Board. The
State Government shall not grant any concession for the development or use of water-power for any electrical purpose to any person other than
1*[the Board or a Generating Company], unless the State Government is of opinion that it is not expedient for the Board 1*[or the Generating
Company so to develop or use the water-power concerned.

73.Co-ordination between the Boards schemes and multi-purpose schemes.

73. Co-ordination between the Boards schemes and multi-purpose schemes. Where a multi-purpose scheme for the development of any river in any region is in operation, 2*[the Board and the Generating Company shall co-ordinate their activities] with the activities of the persons responsible for such scheme in so far as they are inter-related.

74.Powers of entry.

74. Powers of entry. Any 3*[4*[officer or other employee] of the
Board or of a Generating Company] generally or specially 4*[authorized by the Board or by the Generating Company, as the case may be,] in this behalf may at any reasonable time after giving the owner or occupier reasonable notice enter upon any land or premises and there do such things as may be reasonably necessary for the purposes of lawfully using any transmission lines or main transmission lines, or of making any survey, examination or investigation preliminary or incidental to the exercise of powers or the performance of 4*[duties by the Board or by the Generating Company, as the case may be,] under this Act.

75.Annual reports, statistics and returns.

75. Annual reports, statistics and returns. 5*** 6*[7*[(1)] 8***
The Board shall, as soon as may be after the end of each financial year, prepare and submit to the State Government 9*[before such date and] in such form as may be prescribed a report giving an account of its activities during the previous financial year and the report shall also give an account of the activities, if any, which are likely to be undertaken by the Board in the next financial year; and the State
Government shall cause every such report to be laid before the State
Legislature as soon as may be after it is received by the State
Government.]

(2) The Board shall furnish to the State Government at such times and in such form and manner as may be prescribed or as the State
Government may direct, such statistics and returns and such particulars in regard to any proposed or existing scheme as the State
Government may from time to time require.

(3) The Board may at any time by notice in writing require any licensee 10*[or person or agency] supplying electricity for public or private purposes or generating
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 27, for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
2. Subs. by s. 28, ibid., for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
3. The words “officer or servant of the Board” successively subs. by
Act 115 of 1976, s. 29 and Act 23 of 1978, s. 17 to read as above.
4. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 29, for certain words (w.e.f. 8-10-
1976).
5. Sub-section (1) omitted by Act 30 of 1966, s. 16.6. Ins. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 19.7. Renumbered by Act 30 of 1966, s. 16, for “(1A)”.
8. The words “Without prejudice to the provisions of sub-section
(1),” omitted by s. 16, ibid.
9. Ins. by s. 16, ibid.
10. Subs. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 30 for the words “or person” (w.e.f.
8-10-1976).

97A

electricity for his own use to furnish it with such information and accounts relating to such supply or generation and in such form and manner as the notice may specify:

1*[Provided that nothing in this sub-section shall be deemed to empower the Board to require a Generating Company to furnish it with any information or accounts.]

75A.

Annual reports and accounts of Generating Company.

2*[75A. Annual reports and accounts of Generating
Company. (1)3* * * * *

(2) A Generating Company shall, as soon as may be after the end of each year, prepare a report giving an account of its activities during the previous year and shall, within six months from the date of closure of the year, forward to the 3*[Competent] government, or where there are more than one 3*[Competent] government, to all such
3*[Competent] governments, the report together with a statement of accounts, in such form and containing such particulars as may be specified by the 3*[Competent] government or the 3*[Competent]
governments, as the case may be, a copy of the balance-sheet and profit and loss account and the auditors report, in relation to the accounts of the year aforesaid.

3*[(3) For the purpose of preparing the statement of accounts referred to in sub-section (2), the depreciation to be provided every year shall be calculated at such rate as may be specified by the
Central Government, by notification in the Official Gazette, in accordance with the provisions of section 43A.”]

3* * * * *

———————————————————————-
1. Ins. by Act 115 of 1976, s. 30, (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
2. Ins. by s. 31, ibid. (w.e.f. 8-10-1976).
3. Omitted & subs. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 13 (w.e.f. 15.10.1991).

98.(4) The provisions of [sub-section] 1* (2) shall be in addition to and not in derogation of the provisions contained in the Companies
Act, 1956 (1 of 1956), in relation to reports, statement of accounts and either documents required to be prepared or kept or submitted by a company within the meaning of section 3 of that Act.]

76.Arbitration.

76. Arbitration. 2* * * * *

(2) Where any question or matter is, by this Act, required to be referred to arbitration, it shall be so referred–

(a) in cases where the Act so provides, to the Authority and on such reference the Authority shall be deemed to have been duly appointed as arbitrators, and the award of the Authority shall be final and conclusive; or

(b) in other cases, to two arbitrators, one to be appointed by each party to the dispute.

(3) Subject to the provisions of this section, the provisions of the Arbitration Act, 1940 (10 of 1940) shall apply to arbitrations under this Act.

3*[(3A) Where any question or matter is referred to the Authority for arbitration under this section,–

(a) the Authority shall be deemed to enter on the reference for the purposes of paragraph 3 of the First Schedule to the Arbitration Act, 1940 (10 of 1940), on the date on which the parties appear before the Authority for the first time:

Provided that where the parties or any of them fail to appear before the Authority on the date fixed for the first hearing of the case and the Authority decides either on that date or any subsequent date to proceed with the case in the absence of the parties or any of them, as the case may be, the Authority shall be deemed to enter on the reference on the date of such decision;

(b) the Authority may, having regard to the circumstances of each case, charge such arbitration fee as it may deem reasonable.

(3B) All fees and charges due to the Authority in respect of any arbitration and award and all costs and charges for filing the award incurred by the Authority may, if they are not paid by the person.
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 50 of 1991, s. 13 (w.e.f. 15.10.1991).
2. sub-section (1) omitted by Act 30 of 1966, s. 17.3. Ins. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 20.98A

from whom they are due within a period of one month from the date of a notice given to him by the Authority in this behalf, be recovered from him in the same manner as an arrear of land revenue.]

(4) The arbitrators shall in making their award have regard to the provisions of this Act and any rules and regulations made there-
under relevant to the reference.

(5) The arbitrators may, if they think it expedient so to do, call in the aid of one or more qualified assessors and hear the reference wholly or partially with the aid of such assessors.

(6) The provisions of sub-sections (4) and (5) shall apply to the umpire, if he enters on the reference, as they apply to the arbitrators.

77.Penalties.

1*[77. Penalties. If any licensee or other person, not being the
Board, fails without reasonable excuse to comply with, or give effect to, any direction, order or requirement made under any of the following provisions, namely:-

(a) section 4; or

(b) section 55; or

(c) clause (d) of sub-section (1) of section 57A; or

(d) section 57B; or

(e) section 58; or

(f) sub-section (3) of section 75;

he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to five hundred rupees, and in the case of a continuing offence with a further fine which may extend to fifty rupees for each day after the first during which the offence continues.

77A.

Source from which fines may be paid.

77A. Source from which fines may be paid. All fines payable by a licensee under this Act or under any other law for the time being in force in respect of any offence committed by the licensee, shall be payable by him from that part of the clear profit to which he is entitled under the Sixth Schedule.

77B.

Offences by companies.

77B. Offences by companies. (1) If the person committing an offence under this Act is a company, every person who at the time the offence was committed was in charge of, and was responsible to, the company for the conduct of the business of the company as well as the company, shall be deemed to be guilty of the offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly:
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 21 for s. 77.98B

Provided that nothing contained in this sub-section shall render any such person liable to any punishment, if he proves that the offence was committed without his knowledge or that he exercised all due diligence to prevent the commission of such offence.

(2) Notwithstanding anything contained in sub-section (1), where an offence under this Act has been committed with the consent or connivance of, or is attributable to any neglect on the part of, any director or manager, secretary or other officer of the company, such director, manager, secretary or other officer shall also be deemed to be guilty of that offence and shall be liable to be proceeded against and punished accordingly.

Explanation.–For the purposes of this section,–

(a) “company” means any body corporate and includes a firm or other association of individuals; and

(b) “director” in relation to a firm means a partner in the firm.

77C.

Cognizance of offences.

77C. Cognizance of offences. No Court shall take cognizance of an offence under section 77, except on the complaint of,–

(a) in the case of an offence relating to section 4, by an officer of the Authority authorized in that behalf by the Authority;

(b) in the case of any other offence,–

(i) where a Board is constituted, by an officer of the Board authorized by the Board in that behalf;

(ii) where no Board is constituted, by an officer of the State Government authorized by the State
Government in that behalf.]

78.Power to make rules.

78. Power to make rules. (1) The State Government may, after previous publication by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules to give effect to the provisions of this Act.

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may provide for–

1*[(a) 2*[the powers of the Chairman and the term of office]
of the Chairman and other members of the Board, the conditions under which they shall be eligible for
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 57 of 1949, s. 6, for the original cl. (a).
2. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 22, for “the term of office”.

98C

re-appointment and their remuneration, allowances and other conditions of service;]

(b) the terms and conditions of appointment of members of
1*[State Electricity Consultative Councils] and Local
Advisory Committees, the convening of meetings of such
Councils and Committees, and the conduct of business thereat;

(c) the form in which the annual financial statement and supplementary statements under section 61 shall be prepared by the Board, and the particulars to be included therein;

(d) the conditions subject to which the Board may borrow under section 65;

(e) the manner in which stock issued by the Board shall be issued, transferred, dealt with and redeemed;

(f) the manner in which the accounts of the Board shall be published under section 69;

(g) the form in which and the date by which the annual report of the Board shall be submitted under section
75, and the form and manner of furnishing statistics and returns by the Board under that section;

(h) the business of the Board upon which the Local Advisory
Committees concerned shall be consulted.

78A.

Directions by the State Government.

2*[78A. Directions by the State Government. (1) In the discharge of its functions, the Board shall be guided by such directions on questions of policy as may be given to it by the State Government.

(2) If any dispute arises between the Board and the State
Government as to whether a question is or is not a question of policy, it shall be referred to the Authority whose decision thereon shall be final.]

79.Power to make regulations.

79. Power to make regulations. 3*[The Board may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make regulations] not inconsistent with this
Act and the rules made thereunder to provide for all or any of the following matters, namely:–

(a) the administration of the funds and other property of the Board, and the maintenance of its accounts;
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 22, for “State Electricity
Councils”.
2. Ins. by s. 23, ibid.
3. Subs. by Act 20 of 1983, s. 2 & Sch. (w.e.f. 15.3.1984).

98D

(b) the summoning and holding of meetings of the Board, the times and places at which such meetings shall be held, the conduct of business thereat and the number of members necessary to constitute a quorum;

(c) the duties of 1*[officers and other employees] of the
Board, and their salaries, allowances and other conditions of service,

(d) all matters necessary or expedient for regulating the operations of the Board under section 20;

(e) the making of advances to licensees by the Board under section 23 and the manner of repayment of such advances;

(f) the making of contributions by the Board under section
24;

(g) the procedure to be followed by the Board in inviting, considering and accepting tenders;

(h) principles governing the fixing of Grid Tariffs;

(i) principles governing the making of arrangements with licensees under section 47;

(j) principles governing the supply of electricity by the
Board to persons other than licensees under section 49:

2*[(jj) expending sum not included in statement submitted under sub-section (1) or sub-section (5) of section 61, under sub-section (2) of section 62;”];

(k) any other matter arising out of the Boards functions under this Act for which it is necessary or expedient to make regulations :

Provided that regulations under clauses (a) 3*[(d) and (jj)]
shall be made only with the previous approval of the State Government and regulations under clauses (h) and (i) shall be made with the concurrence of the Authority.

79A.

Laying of certain rules and regulations before State Legislature.

4*[79A. Laying of certain rules and regulations before State
Legislature. Every rule made by the State Government under 5*[section
78], and every regulation made by the Board under section 79 shall be laid, as soon as may be, before the State Legislature.]

80.

Provision relating to income-tax and super-tax.

80. Provision relating to income-tax and super-tax. (1) For the purposes of the Indian Income-tax Act, 1922 (11 of 1922), the Board shall be deemed to be a company within the meaning of that Act and shall be liable to income-tax and super-tax accordingly on its income, profits and gains.

(2) The State Government shall not be entitled to any refund of any such taxes paid by the Board.
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 19, for “officers and servants”.
2. Ins., ibid.
3. Subs., ibid.
4. Ins. by Act 20 of 1983, s. 2 & Sch. (w.e.f. 15.3.84).
5. Subs. by Act 19 of 1988, s. 3 & Sch. II.

98D

81.Members, officers and servants of the Board to be public servants.

81. Members, officers and servants of the Board to be public servants. All 1*[members and officers and other employees] of Board shall be deemed, when acting or purporting to act in pursuance of any of the provisions of this Act, to be public servants within the meaning of section 21 of the Indian Penal Code (45 of 1800).

82.Protection to persons acting under this Act.

82. Protection to persons acting under this Act. No suit, prosecution or other legel proceeding shall lie against 2*[any
3*[member or officer or other employee] of the Board] for anything which is in good faith done or intended to be done under this Act.
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 20.2. Subs. by Act 30 of 1966, s. 18, for “any person”.
3. Subs. by Act 23 of 1978, s. 21, for “member, officer or servant”.

98E

83.Saving of application of Act.

83. Saving of application of Act. Nothing in this Act shall be deemed to apply to a licensee on whom a notice under section 5 or section 7 of the Indian Electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), has been served prior to the coming into force of the sections, Schedule and
Table mentioned in sub-section (3) of section 1.

PART IASSUMPTION OF CONTROL


I. (1) The Board shall by notice in writing to the licensee fix a date (hereafter in this Schedule referred to as the date of control), being the first day of a year of account of the licensee, and from such date the licensee shall, except where prevented by causes beyond his control, be under obligation-

 

(a) subject to such directions as the Board may from time to time give him, to keep the station at all times in good and substantial repair and condition and ready for use, together with adequate staff for operating, maintaining and controlling the station, and not to make any substantial alterations or renewals in, or remove any essential or substantial part of, the station without the consent in writing of the Board;

(b) to operate the station so as to generate such quantity of electricity with such units of plant at such rates of output and at such times, or to cease to generate electricity during such periods, as the Board may direct;

(c) to carry out as soon as may be practicable such reasonable extensions, alterations or renewals of the station or any part thereof as the Board may from time to time direct:

(d) to supply to the Board all the electricity generated at the station.

(2) To enable a licensee to comply with any direction under sub-
paragraph (1) requiring extension of the station or any part thereof for purposes of the Board, the Board may, if it considers it expedient and practicable so to do, offer to advance to him a loan upon such terms and conditions as it may deem proper and the licensee 1*[may
———————————————————————-
1. Subs. by Act 101 of 1956, s. 24, for certain words.

98F

accept the loan from the Board on the terms and conditions offered or may raise a loan from other sources or employ his own funds for the purpose of such extension]:

Provided that notwithstanding anything contained in any law or in any mortgage, charge or instrument executed by the licensee, the loan so advanced by the Board and the interest thereon shall be a first charge on the extension and subject to any prior encumbrance shall also be charged on the undertaking and all the revenues of the licensee and no such loan shall be amortised in any way by the licensee:

Provided further that if at the date of purchase of the station under this Act or of the licensees undertaking under the Indian
Electricity Act, 1910 (9 of 1910), the said principal or any part thereof remains unpaid though due for redemption or is not on that date due for

99.redemption, then any sum payable by the purchaser as a percentage on account of compulsory purchase under this Act or the said Act shall be reduced by an amount which bears the same proportion to that sum as the amount of the said principal or part thereof remaining unpaid or not being due for redemption as aforesaid bears to the total of the ordinary, preference and debenture capital of the licensee and the loans advanced by the Board under this sub-paragraph.

Explanation.–In this sub-paragraph, the expressions “ordinary capital”, “preference capital” and “debenture capital” have the meanings respectively assigned to them in the Sixth Schedule.

II. From the date of control the Board shall, except where prevented by causes beyond its control, be under obligation to supply to the licensee, and the licensee shall be under obligation to take from the Board, the whole of the electricity required by the licensee for the purposes of his undertaking, except such quantity of electricity as the licensee may for the time being be entitled under paragraph III to purchase from a source other than the Board or as he may be generating in another station, not being a controlled station.

III. Unless otherwise agreed between the Board and the licensee, the licensee shall not, where he has received a notice under paragraph
I, purchase after the date of control any quantity of electricity from a source other than the Board:

Provided that where on the date of the receipt of such notice the licensee is bound under any contract to purchase any quantity of electricity from some other source, he may, for a period not exceeding two years after the date of control or for such further period, if any, as the Board may allow, continue to purchase electricity under the said contract from such other source.

IV. The Board shall pay to the licensee, whether or not any electricity is generated at the station, the costs ascertained in accordance with the provisions of the Eighth Schedule.

V. The price to be paid by the licensee for electricity supplied by the Board shall be determined in the manner provided in the appropriate Part of this Schedule.

VI. The points at which electricity to be supplied under this
Schedule shall be delivered by the Board and the licensee respectively shall, unless otherwise agreed between the Board and the

100

licensee, be at the generating station, and the pressure of the supplies shall be such as the Board and the licensee may agree.

VII. Where any licensee owns more than one controlled station-

(a) such of the several controlled stations as are interconnected shall, for the purposes of this
Schedule, be deemed to comprise a single controlled station, and, unless the subject or context otherwise requires, the provisions of this Schedule shall be construed as if the word “combined” had been inserted before the word “station” or the words “generating station” wherever they occur;

(b) the electricity supplied at the several controlled stations by the licensee to the Board, or by the Board to the licensee, shall each respectively be treated as single supplies;

(c) in the application of clause (a) of paragraph XII, the costs of production at each of the several controlled stations shall be separately ascertained, and in the application of clause (c) of the said paragraph-

(i) the sums ascertained in accordance with clause
(a) of paragraph I of the Eighth Schedule in respect of each of the several controlled stations shall be separately allocated between fixed costs and running costs, and

(ii) the sum of the several fixed costs and the sum of the several running costs shall be the fixed costs and the running costs respectively of the combined station;

(d) in directing the operation of the combined station under clause (b) of sub-paragraph (1) of paragraph I, the Board shall have regard to the nature and capacity of the licensees transmission system interconnecting the several controlled stations and to the requirements of the licensee at each of those stations.

VIII. In the event of the licensee failing, except where prevented by causes beyond his control, to perform or continue to perform any obligation imposed upon him under this Part, the Board may give notice to him in writing that on the first day of the licensees next succeeding year of account the generating station will be purchased by the Board, and on such day the Board shall purchase the

101.station at a price determined in accordance with the Fourth Schedule;
and thereafter-

(a) all the provisions of this Schedule except paragraph II
and this paragraph shall, in relation to the licensee, cease to have effect;

(b) the Board shall supply the licensee with the electricity required by him under paragraph II at such price and on such conditions as the Board may determine.

PART IIPRICE TO BE PAID FOR ELECTRICITY SUPPLIED BY THE BOARD UNDER PART I-IX

 

There shall be agreed between the Board and the licensee in respect of each month of the licensees year of account-

(a) the maximum capacity of the station, that is to say, the maximum capacity (expressed in kilowatts available for supply to feeders) of such plant and works appertaining to the generation of electricity at the station as were available for reliable and regular commercial operation on the first day of the month, including the capacity of such plant and works as were temporarily out of commission;

(b) the number and size of units of plant and works, forming part of the aforesaid plant and works, which ought properly to be deemed to be standby if the station were not a controlled station;

(c) the standby capacity of the station, that is to say, the number of kilowatts (expressed in kilowatts available for supply to feeders) by which the maximum capacity of the station would be reduced if the standby plant and works referred to in clause (b) were to be left out of account;

(d) the actual effective capacity of the station, that is to say, the number of kilowatts by which the maximum capacity exceeds the standby capacity.

X. (1) The licensee shall be entitled to purchase from the station in each month at a price determined under paragraph XIII a number of kilowatts not exceeding the scheduled effective capacity of the station on the first day of that month as determined in sub-
paragraph (2).

102.(2) The scheduled effective capacity of the station shall be agreed between the Board and the licensee in respect of each month of the year of account, and shall be computed in the same manner as the actual effective capacity under paragraph IX, except that there shall be left out of account such units of plant and works, if any, forming part of the plant and works referred to in clause (a) of the said paragraph, as the licensee declares to be surplus to his requirements for the time being:

Provided that the licensee shall not declare to be surplus to his requirements any such units of plant or works as were installed or were on order at the date of control or which were included in any previous computation of the scheduled effective capacity:

Provided further that if as a result of the licensee declaring as surplus to his requirements any units of plant or works, the scheduled effective capacity is in respect of any month computed to be less than the maximum demand of the licensee on the station for the purposes of his own undertaking, then such units of plant or works and all further additional units of plant or works shall thereafter always be deemed to be surplus to the requirements of the licensee as aforesaid unless the Board decides otherwise.

XI. Of the kilowatt-hours purchased by the licensee from the
Board in each month, a number of kilowatt-hours not exceeding the number which bears the same proportion to the total number purchased as the scheduled effective capacity for the month bears to the maximum demand of the licensee on the Board in that month shall be purchased at a price determined under paragraph XIII; the balance being purchased at a price determined under paragraph XIV:

Provided that if the station is a hydro-electric station or if any unit of a combined station is a hydro-electric unit, the number of kilowatt-hours which the licensee shall be entitled to purchase as aforesaid shall be reduced by such amount, if any, as may be agreed between the Board and the licensee, having regard to the number of kilowatt-hours actually supplied in the month from such hydro-electric station or unit.

XII. As soon as practicable after the end of a year of account-

(a) there shall be ascertained in respect of that year the cost of production at the station in accordance with the provisions of the Eighth Schedule;

(b) there shall be deducted from the total sum ascertained in respect of that year under clauses (b), (c), (d),
(e) and

103.(f) of paragraph I of the Eighth Schedule, such proportion of the charges referred to in the said clauses as are wholly attributable to so much of the plant and works, if any, as has been declared by the licensee under sub-paragraph (2) of paragraph X to be surplus to his requirements, and the balance remaining after such deduction shall for the purposes of this
Schedule be referred to as the scheduled overhead charges:

Provided that in assessing the said proportion regard shall be had to the period during which any such plant or works were declared to be surplus as aforesaid;

(c) there shall be allocated between fixed costs and running costs in accordance with the provisions of the
Ninth Schedule the sum ascertained in respect of that year under clause (a) of paragraph I of the Eighth
Schedule, and the amount of running costs divided by the number of kilowatt-hours supplied from the station in that year shall for the purposes of this Schedule be referred to as the running charges component;

(d) there shall be ascertained in respect of that year an amount (in this Schedule referred to as the scheduled fixed works costs) calculated from the expression,

“A A B
– – x – where-
2 2 C”.

A=the amount of fixed costs ascertained in respect of that year under clause (c)

B=the sum of the scheduled effective capacities for each month of that year;

C=the sum of the actual effective capacities for each month of that year.

XIII. The licensee shall pay to the Board in respect of each month of the year of account for the electricity purchased under paragraphs X and XI–

(a) in respect of kilowatts, an amount equal to one-twelfth of the sum of the scheduled overhead charges and the scheduled fixed works costs;

104.(b) in respect of kilowatt-hours a sum found by multiplying the number of kilowatt-hours supplied by the running charges component:

Provided that if in any year of account the station for any reason ceases to generate electricity for one thousand hours or more, then for the purposes of ascertaining the running charges component and the scheduled fixed works costs under clauses (c) and (d)
respectively of paragraph XII–

(i) the said clause (c) shall be construed as if there were sub-stituted for the words “that year” in both places where they occur, the words “the most recent year of account in which the station did not cease to generate electricity for one thousand hours or more” and as if to the said clause the following proviso were added, namely:-

“Provided that so much of the said sum as is represented by the cost of fuel shall be adjusted to take account of the cost which would have been incurred had that fuel been consumed at the average prices prevailing in the actual year of account.”;

(ii) in evaluating the expression contained in the said clause (d), the letter C shall be deemed to be equal to the sum of the actual effective capacities for each month of the most recent year of account in which the station did not cease to generate electricity for one thousand hours or more:

Provided further that if in any year of account there exist in the station any units of plant or works which have been declared by the licensee under sub-paragraph (2) of paragraph X to be surplus to his requirements in that year, there shall be added to the running charges component in respect of that year the amount, if any, by which that part of the said component attributable to the cost of fuel is less than ninety per centum of the corresponding part of the running charges component in respect of the year of account immediately preceding that in which the earliest installed of the said units of plant or works first came into commercial operation in the station, and in ascertaining the corresponding part as aforesaid, the fuel consumed shall be deemed to be of the same average quality and to be consumed at the same average cost per ton as the fuel consumed in the year of account:

Provided further that if in respect of any month of the year of account any units of plant or works previously declared by the licensee as aforesaid to be surplus to his requirements are for the first

105.time taken into account in assessing the scheduled effective capacity for that month, then in addition to the payment referred to in clause
(a) the licensee shall pay to the Board a sum equal to any sums previously paid by the Board to the licensee on revenue account (in respect of any period prior to the date on which the said units of plant or works came into commission) by way of interest, depreciation, testing and tuning-up expenses attributable to the said units of plant or works; and the sum to be paid as aforesaid shall become due in one or more instalments and at such time or times as the Board may direct.

XIV. The price payable by the licensee to the Board for all electricity supplied by the Board to him in excess of the quantities referred to in paragraphs X and XI shall be the Grid Tariff.

XV. The licensee shall have the right at any time, on giving to the Board prior notice in writing expiring at the end of any year of account, to purchase from the Board at the Grid Tariff the whole of the electricity supplied to him by the Board thereafter:

Provided that the Board in those circumstances may make it a condition that the licensee shall, until the date on which the scheduled effective capacity of the station becomes nil, pay to the
Board in respect of each month in addition to the Grid Tariff one-
twelfth of such proportion as the Board may fix of the annual charges by way of interest and depreciation which would have been payable to the Board in respect of the year of account had the said notice not been given:

Provided further that in assessing the scheduled effective capacity for the purpose of the first proviso all units of plant or works which may have been under this Schedule declared or deemed to be surplus to the requirements of the licensee at the date of the expiration of the said notice and all additional units of plant or works shall after that date always be deemed to be surplus to the requirements of the licensee:

Provided further that after the expiration of the said notice the licensee shall not be entitled any time to purchase electricity from the Board at the price ascertained under paragraph XIII.

PART IIIPERMANENT CLOSING DOWN OF A CONTROLLED STATION

 

XVI. The Board may give the licensee not less than six months
notice in writing expiring at the end of any year of account that

106.from the first day of the next succeeding year of account it will not again direct the licensee to generate any electricity in the station, and upon that date (hereinafter in this Schedule referred to as the date of closing down) the station shall be permanently closed down.

XVII. From the date of closing down paragraphs I, IV and VIII
shall, in relation to the station, cease to have effect, and on receipt of the notice under paragraph XVI the licensee shall have the option (to be exercised by a date not later than three months prior to the date of closing down) either-

(a) (i) to sell the station at any time after the date of closing down, and

(ii) to purchase the electricity supplied to him by the
Board at the Grid Tariff, or

(b) (i) to require the Board to purchase the station or at the option of the licensee the undertaking of the licensee at the date of closing down at a price determined under the Fourth Schedule, and

(ii) to purchase the electricity supplied to him by the
Board in accordance with the provisions of Part II
as modified by paragraph XVIII:

Provided that where the station cannot be severed from the distributing system of the licensee or where the severance of the station from the distributing system of the licensee is likely to affect prejudicially the interests of the licensee, the licensee shall be entitled to demand that the Board shall purchase his entire undertaking and on such demand being made the Board shall purchase the entire under-taking of the licensee.

Any question arising under the proviso to this paragraph shall be referred to arbitration under section 76.XVIII. Where a licensee exercises his option under paragraph XVII
in terms of clause (b) thereof, the Board shall comply with the requirement to purchase the station under sub-clause (i) of that clause, and in applying the provisions of Part II to the purchase by the licensee of electricity supplied to him by the Board,-

(a) the station shall, notwithstanding that it has been permanently closed down, be deemed to remain a controlled station in operation but to be such a station which has ceased to generate electricity for one thousand hours or more during each year of account;

107.(b) clause (a) of paragraph IX shall be construed as if the following were substituted therefor, namely:-

“(a) the maximum capacity of the station, that is to say, the maximum capacity (expressed in kilowatts available for supply to feeders) of such plant and works appertaining to the generation of electricity at the date of closing down as would have been available for reliable and regular commercial operation on the first day of each month, had the station not been closed down under Part III and had no replacement of any major item of such plant or works been carried out”;

(c) clause (a) of paragraph XII shall be construed as if the following were substituted therefor, namely:-

“(a) there shall be ascertained in respect of the year of account such annual charges by way of interest and depreciation attributable to the assets purchased by the Board under Part III as would have resulted from the application of clauses (e) and (f) of paragraph I
of the Eighth Schedule had those assets remained in the ownership of the licensee”;

(d) clause (b) of paragraph XII shall be construed as if the reference therein to clauses (b), (c) and (d) of paragraph I of the Eighth Schedule were omitted;

(e) there shall be added to the sum payable by the licensee to the Board under clause (a) of paragraph XIII in each month of the year of account a sum equal to one-twelfth of the amount calculated from the expression, “A X B
where– ——–
C ”

A=that part of the scheduled overhead charges payable by the licensee to the Board in respect of the most recent year of account during which the station did not cease to generate electricity for one thousand hours or more, which relates to the items referred to in clauses (b), (c) and (d) of paragraph I of the
Eighth Schedule;

B=the sum of the scheduled effective capacities for each month of the year of account;

C=the sum of the scheduled effective capacities for each month of the most recent year of account as aforesaid.

PART IVPURCHASE BY BOARD OF CONTROLLED STATION NOT TO BE CLOSED DOWN

 

XIX. Where in respect of any month notified by the Board (and hereinafter in this Schedule referred to as the relevant month), the scheduled effective capacity of the station is computed under paragraph X to be less than one-half of the actual effective capacity of the station, the Board may give to the licensee six months notice in writing that on the first day of the year of account next following the date of expiration of such notice the station will be purchased by the Board.

XX. Notwithstanding anything contained in paragraph X, in computing the scheduled effective capacity for purposes of paragraph
XIX there shall be left out of account all such units of plant and works as would not reasonably have been required by the licensee for purposes other than supply to the Board had the station not been a controlled station.

XXI. Where a notice under paragraph XIX has been served by the
Board on the licensee, the Board shall purchase the station or where a severance of the station from the distributing system of the licensee is not possible or is likely to affect prejudicially the interest of the licensee and the licensee so requires the entire undertaking of the licensee at the date specified in the notice and at a price determined under the Fourth Schedule.

XXII. From the date of purchase of the station or at the option of the licensee the undertaking of the licensee under paragraph XXI
the provisions of paragraphs I, IV and VIII shall, in relation to the station, cease to have effect, and the licensee shall be required to purchase the electricity supplied to him by the Board in accordance with the provisions of Part II as modified by paragraph XXIII.

XXIII. In applying the provisions of Part II to the purchase by a licensee whose station has been purchased under this Part of electricity supplied to him by the Board,-

(a) the station shall, notwithstanding that it has been purchased by the Board, be deemed to remain a controlled station;

(b) clause (a) of paragraph XII shall be construed as if the reference therein to the provisions of the Eighth
Schedule excluded a reference to clauses (b), (c) and
(d) of

109.paragraph I of that Schedule, and as if the following proviso were added to the said clause (a), namely:-

“Provided that the annual charges to be included in accordance with clauses (e) and (f) of paragraph I
of the said Schedule shall be such as would have resulted had the assets purchased by the Board under
Part IV remained in the ownership of the licensee”;

(c) clause (b) of paragraph XII shall be construed as if the reference therein to clauses (b), (c) and (d) of paragraph I of the Eighth Schedule were omitted;

(d) there shall be added to the sum payable by the licensee to the Board under clause (a) of paragraph XIII in each month of the year of account a sum equal to one-twelfth of the amount calculated from the expression, “AXB
where– —–
C”

A=that part of the scheduled overhead charges payable by the licensee to the Board in respect of the last year of account in which the station was in the ownership of the licensee, which relates to the items referred to in clauses (b), (c) and (d) of paragraph I
of the Eighth Schedule;

B=the sum of the scheduled effective capacities for each month of the year of account;

C=the sum of the scheduled effective capacities for each month of the said last year of account.
 

 

**********************************

THE TERRITORIAL ARMY ACT, 1948 1*

ACT NO. 56 OF 1948.[10th September, 1948.]

An Act to provide for the constitution of Territorial Army.

WHEREAS it is expedient to provide for the constitution of a
Territorial Army;

It is hereby enacted as follows

1.Short title, extent and application.

1. Short title, extent and application. (1) This Act may be called the Territorial Army Act, 1948.(2) It extends to the whole of India 2* * * and applies to all classes of persons in the Territorial Army, wherever they may be.

2.Definitions.

2. Definitions. In this Act, unless there is anything repugnant in the subject or context,-

(a) “enrolled” means enrolled in the Territorial Army under the provisions of this Act ;

(b) “officer” means an officer of any of the two classes specified in section 5 ;

(c) “non-commissioned officer” means a person holding a non-commissioned rank in the Territorial Army, and includes an acting non-commissioned officer;

(d) “prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this
Act;

3[ (dd) “public utility service” means any undertaking which supplies power, light, gas or water to the public, or carries on a public transport, or maintains any system of public conservancy or sanitation and which is declared, by notification in the Official Gazette, by the Central Govern-
ment to be a public utility service to which this Act applies
:

Provided that no such notification shall be issued unless the
Central Government is satisfied that, having regard to the needs of the Territorial Army, the persons

———————————————————————-

1 This Act has been extended to-
Goa, Daman and Diu with modifications by Reg. 12 of 1962, s. 3.and Sch. and comes into force in Pondicherry vide Reg. 7 of 1963, s. 3.and Sch. I (w.e.f. 1-10-1963) ;

and brought into force in Dadra and Nagar Haveli by Reg. 6 of
1963. s. 2 and Sch. I (w.e.f. 1-7-1965)

the whole of the Union Territory of Lakshadweep vide Reg. 8 of
1965, s.3 and Sch. (w.e.f. 1-10-1967).

2 The words “except the State of Hyderabad”, ins. by the A.O.
1950. were omitted by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and Sch.

3 Ins. by Act 92 of 1956. s. 2.———————————————————————–

112.employed in any such public utility service should, in the public interest, be made compulsorily liable for service in that Army under this Act;]

(e) the expression “[Regular Army]” means officers and other ranks who, by their commission, terms of enrolment or otherwise, are liable to render continuously for a term military service under 2[the Army Act, 1950]; ( 46 of 1950.)
and

(f) all words and expressions used herein and defined in
2[the Army Act, 1950], and not hereinbefore defined, shall be deemed to have the meanings respectively attributed to them by that Act.

3.Constitution of the Territorial Army.

3. Constitution of the Territorial Army. (1) There shall be raised and maintained in the manner hereinafter provided an army to be designated the Territorial Army.

(2) The Central Government may constitute such number of units of the Territorial Army as it thinks fit and may disband or reconstitute any unit so constituted.

4.Personal of the Territorial Army.

4. Personal of the Territorial Army. There shall be the following classes of persons in the Territorial Army, namely,-

(a) officers ; and

(b) enrolled persons.

5.Officers.

5. Officers. Officers in the Territorial Army shall be of the two following classes, namely,-

(a) officers holding commissions in the Territorial Army granted by the President with designations of rank corresponding to those of Indian commissioned officers 3[of the Regular Army]; and

(b) junior commissioned officers holding commissions in the
Territorial Army granted by the President with designations of rank corresponding to those of 4[junior commissioned officers of the Regular Army].

6.Persons eligible for enrolment.

6. Persons eligible for enrolment. 5[Amy person who is a citizen of India] may offer himself for enrolment in the Territorial
Army, and may, if he satisfies the prescribed conditions, be enrolled for such period and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed.

6[6A. Liability of certain persons for compulsory service in the
Territorial Army. (1) Without prejudice to the provision contained in section 6, every person employed under the Government or in a public utility

———————————————————————

1 Subs. by the A.O. 1950 for “regular forces.”.

2 Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, s.3 and Sch.., for “the Indian Army
Act, 1911”.

3 Ing. by the A. O. 1950.

4 Subs., ibid., for “Viceroys commissioned officers”.

5 Subs., ibid., for “Any person domiciled in India”.

6 Ins. by Act 92 of 1956. s. 3.———————————————————————-

113.service who has attained the age of twenty years but has not completed the age of forty years shall, subject to the other provisions contained in this section and subject to such rules as may be made in this behalf, be liable, when so required to do, to perform service in the Territorial Army.

(2) Where it appears to the prescribed authority that, having regard to the strength of the Territorial Army or of any unit thereof in any area or place or, having regard to the exigencies of service in the Territorial Army, it is necessary that persons compulsorily liable to perform service in the Territorial Army under sub-section (1)
should be called upon for such service, the prescribed authority may call upon such number of persons as he thinks fit for the purpose of performing service in the Territorial Army.

(3) In requisitioning the services of any persons under sub-
section (2), the prescribed authority shall have regard to the age, physical fitness, qualifications and experience of the persons to be called upon for service and the nature of the work previously performed by them while employed under the Government or in the public utility service, and the work to be performed by them in the
Territorial Army.

(4) Every person liable to perform service under sub-section (1)
shall, if so required by the prescribed authority, be bound to fill up such forms as may be prescribed and sign and lodge them with the prescribed authority within such time as may be specified in the requisition.

(5) The prescribed authority may require any person in-charge of the management of a public utility service to furnish within such time as may be specified in the requisition such particulars as may be prescribed with respect to persons employed under him, who may be liable to perform service under sub-section (1).

(6) Any person whose services are requisitioned under this section may be required to join the Territorial Army as an officer or as an enrolled person according to the rules made in this behalf by the Central Government, and where any person has so joined the Terri-
torial Army, he shall be entitled to the same rights and privileges and be subject to the same liabilities as an officer or enrolled person under the provisions of this Act.

Explanation.-For the purposes of this section, the expression
“person employed under the Government or in a public utility service”
shall not include-

(a) a woman;

(b) a member of the Regular Army, the Navy or the Air Force or a member of any Reserve Force;

114.(c) a person who is not a citizen of India ;

(d) a person employed under the Government in any country or place outside India for so long as he is so employed; and

(e) any other persons as may be exempted from the operation of this Act by the Central Government, by notification in the
Official Gazette, on the ground that, having regard to the nature of the service performed by such persons or to the exigencies of the service in which they are employed, it is, in the opinion of the Central Government, expedient in the public interest that they should not be liable to perform service under this Act.]

7.Liability for military service.

7. Liability for military service. (1) No officer or enrolled person shall be required to perform military service beyond the limits of India save under a general or special order of the Central
Government.

(2) Subject to the provisions of sub-section (1), every officer or enrolled person shall, subject to such conditions as may be prescribed, be bound to serve in any unit of the Territorial Army to which he is for the time being attached, and shall be subject to all the rules made under this Act in relation to such unit.

(3) Every officer or enrolled person shall be liable to perform military service,-

(a) when called out in the prescribed manner to act in support of the civil power or to provide essential guards ;

(b) when embodied in the prescribed manner for training or for supporting or supplementing the regular forces ; and

(c) when attached to any regular forces either at his own request or under the prescribed conditions.

1[7A. Reinstatement in civil employ of persons required to perform military service. (1) It shall be the duty of every employer by whom a person who is required to perform military service under section 7 was employed to reinstate him in his employment on the termination of the military service in an occupation and under conditions not less favourable to him than those which would have been applicable to him had his employment not been so interrupted:

Provided that if the employer refuses to reinstate such person or denies his liability to reinstate such person, or if for any reason reinstatement of such person is represented by the employer to be impracticable, either party may refer the matter to the prescribed authority and that authority shall, after considering all matters which

———————————————————————-

1 Ins. by Act 33 of 1952, s. 2.———————————————————————-

115.may be put before it and after making such further inquiry into the matter as may be prescribed, pass an order-

(a) exempting the employer from the provisions of this section, or

(b) requiring him to re-employ such person on such terms as he thinks suitable, or

(c) requiring him to pay to such person by way of compensation for failure or inability to re-employ a sum not exceeding an amount equal to six months remuneration at the rate at which his last remuneration was payable to him by the employer.

(2) If any employer fails to obey the order of any such authority as is referred to in the proviso to sub-section (1), he shall be punishable with fine which may extend to one thousand rupees, and the court by which an employer is convicted under this section shall order him (if he has not already been so required by the said authority) to pay to the person whom he has failed to re-employ a sum equal to six months remuneration at the rate at which his last remuneration was payable to him by the employer, and any amount so required to be paid either by the said authority or by the court shall be recoverable as if it were a fine imposed by such court.

(3) In any proceeding under this section it shall be a defence for an employer to prove that the person formerly employed did not apply to the employer for reinstatement within a period of two months from the termination of his military service.

(4) The duty imposed by sub-section (1) upon an employer to reinstate in his employment a person such as is described in that sub-
section shall attach to an employer who, before such person is actually required to perform military service under section 7, terminates his employment in circumstances such as to indicate an intention to evade the duty imposed by that sub-section, and such intention shall be presumed until the contrary is proved if the termination takes place after the issue of orders requiring him to perform military service under this Act.]

1[7B. Preservation of certain rights of persons required to perform military service. When any person required to perform military service under section 7 has any rights under any provident fund or superannuation fund or other scheme for the benefit of employees maintained in connection with the employment he relinquishes, he shall continue, so long as he is engaged in military service and if he is reinstated, until such reinstatement under the provisions of this Act, to have in respect of such fund or scheme such rights as may be prescribed.]

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1 Ins. by Act 33 of 1952, s. 2.———————————————————————-

116.8.Discharge.

8. Discharge. Every person enrolled under this Act shall be entitled to receive his discharge from the Territorial Army on the expiration of the period for which he was enrolled and any such person may, prior to the expiration of that period, be discharged from the said army by such authority and subject to such conditions as may be prescribed:

Provided that no enrolled person who is for the time being engaged in military service under the provisions of this Act, shall be entitled to receive his discharge before the termination of such service.

9.Application of the Army Act, 1950.

9. Application of the Army Act, 1950. (1) Every officer, when doing duty as such officer, and every enrolled person when called out or embodied or attached to 1[the Regular Army], shall, subject to such adaptations and modifications as may be made therein by the Central
Government by notification in the Official Gazette, be subject to the provisions of 2[the Army Act, 1950], (46 of 1950.) and the rules or regulations made thereunder in the same manner and to the same extent as if such officer or enrolled person held the same rank in 1 [the
Regular Army] as he holds for the time being in the Territorial Army.

(2) When an offence punishable under 12[the Army Act, 1950], (46.of 1950.) has been committed by any person whilst subject to that Act under the provisions of sub-section (1) such person may be taken into and kept in military custody and tried and punished for such offence as aforesaid in like manner as he might have been taken into and .kept in military custody, tried and punished if he had continued to be so subject.

10.Summary trial and punishment.

10. Summary trial and punishment. In addition to, or in substitution for, any punishment or punishments to which he may be liable under 2 [the Army Act, 1950], (46 of 1950.) any enrolled person may be punished either by a Criminal Court or summarily by order of the prescribed authority for any offence under that Act or for the contravention of any of the provisions of this Act or of any rules made thereunder with fine which may extend to one hundred rupees to be recovered in such manner and by such authority as may be prescribed:

Provided that no fine shall be summarily inflicted by order of the prescribed authority in any case in which the accused claims to be tried by a Criminal Court.

4[10A. Punishment for failure to lodge forms duly filled up, etc. If any person fails without sufficient cause

(a) to comply with any requisition under sub-section (4) or sub-section (5) of section 6A, or

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1 Subs. by the A. O. 1950 for ” any regular forces”.

2 Subs. by Act 3 of 1951, s. 3 and Sch., for ” the Indian Army
Act, 1911″.

3 Subs. by the A. O. 1950 for “the regular forces”.

4 Ins. by Act 92 of 1956. s. 4.———————————————————————-

116A

.LM10.(b) to report himself for service when so required to do by the prescribed authority under sub-section (2) of that section, or

(c) to submit himself to medical or other examination when so called upon to do by the prescribed authority under rules made under this
Act,

he shall be punishable with imprisonment which may extend to three months, or with fine which may extend to two hundred rupees, or with both.]

11.Jurisdiction to try offences.

11. Jurisdiction to try offences. No Court inferior to that of a
Presidency Magistrate or a Magistrate of the first class shall try any offence made punishable by or under this Act.

12.Presumption as to certain documents.

12. Presumption as to certain documents. Where an enrolled person is required by or in pursuance of any rule made under this Act to attend at any place, a certificate purporting to be signed by the prescribed officer stating that the person so required to attend failed to do so in accordance with such requirement shall, without proof of the signature or appointment of such officer, be evidence of the matters stated therein.

13.Persons subject to this Act to be deemed part of Regular Army forcertain purposes.

13. Persons subject to this Act to be deemed part of Regular
Army for certain purposes. For the purposes of sections 128, 130 and
131 of the Code of Criminal Procedure, 1898, (5 of 1898.) all officers, non-commissioned officers and other enrolled persons who have been attached to a unit shall be deemed to be officers non-
commissioned officers and soldiers respectively of the 1[Regular
Army].

14.Power to make rules.

14. Power to make rules. 2(1) The Central Government may make rules to carry out the purposes of this Act.

(2) In particular, and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing power, such rules may-

[(a) prescribe the form under sub-section (4) of section 6A, the particulars that should be furnished therein and the authority with which, and the period within which, the form should be lodged;

(aa) prescribe the procedure for requiring persons liable for compulsory service in the Territorial Army to be medically or otherwise examined with a view to determining whether they satisfy the conditions imposed under this Act;

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1 Subs. by the A. O. 1950 for regular forces”.

2 For Territorial Army Rules, 1948, see Notification No. 252A, dated 12th February, 1949, Gazette of India, 1949, Pt. I, Sec. 3, p.
205.3 Ins. by Act 92 of 1956, s. 5.————————————————————————

116B

(aaa) ] prescribe the manner in which, and the period for which and the conditions subject to which any person may be enrolled under this Act 2[or may be required to perform compulsory service in the Territorial Army] ;

(b) prescribe the manner in which and the conditions subject to which officers and enrolled persons may be called out for service, or embodied for training or for supporting or for supplementing 3[the Regular Army] or attached to 4[the
Regular Army],

(c) prescribe preliminary and periodical military training, compulsory and voluntary, for any enrolled person and provide for the embodiment of any unit for that purpose ;

(d) define the manner in which and the conditions under which any enrolled person may be excused from training;

5[(dd) specify the authority for the purpose of the proviso to sub- section (1) of section 7A and the manner in which any inquiry may be held by him;

(ddd) define the rights under section 7B

(e) prescribe the authorities by which and the conditions subject to which enrolled persons may be discharged under section 8 ;

(f) prescribe the authorities by which offences under this Act may be punished and the fine inflicted may be recovered;

(g) prescribe the officers by whom certificates may be signed under section 12 ;

(h) generally provide for any other matter which under this
Act is to be or may be prescribed.

6[(3) Every rule made under this section shall be laid, as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be com-
prised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid, both Houses agree in making any modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.”

15.Repeal of Act XLVIII of 1920.15. [Repeal of Act XLVIII of 1920.] Rep. by the Repealing and mending Act, 1950 (35 of 1950), s. 2 and Sch.

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1 Cl. (a) was relettered as (aaa). by Act 92 of 1956, s. 5.2 Ins. by s. 5, ibid.

3 Subs. by the A. O. 1950 for ” the regular forces

4 Subs., ibid., for ” any regular forces”.

5 Ins. by Act 33 of 1952, S. 3.6 Ins. by Act 53 of 1980, s. 2.———————————————————————


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