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An Act to provide for the declaration of certain highways to be national highways and for matters connected therewith.

BE it enacted by Parliament in the Seventh Year of the Republic of India as follows:-

1.Short title, extent and commencement.

1. Short title, extent and commencement. (1) This Act may be called the National Highways Act, 1956.(2) It extends to the whole of India.

(3) It shall come into force on such date1 as the Central
Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, appoint.

2.Declaration of certain highways to be national highways.

2. Declaration of certain highways to be national highways. (1)
Each of the highways specified in the Schedule except such parts thereof as are situated within any municipal area is hereby declared to be a national highway.

(2) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official
Gazette, declare any other highway to be a, national highway and on the publication of such notification such highway shall be deemed to be specified in the Schedule.

(3) The Central Government may, by like notification, omit any highway from the Schedule and on the publication of such notification, the highway so omitted shall cease to be a national highway.

3.Definition.

3. Definition. In this Act, “municipal area” means any municipal area with a population of twenty thousand or more the control or management of which is entrusted to a municipal committee, a town area committee, a town committee or any other authority.

4.National highways to vest in the Union.

4. National highways to vest in the Union. All national highways shall vest in the Union, and for the purposes of this Act
“highways” include-

(i) all lands appurtenant thereto, whether demarcated or not;

(ii) all bridges, culverts, tunnels, causeways, carriageways and other structures constructed on or across such highways;
and

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1 15th April, 1957, vide Notification No. S.R.O. 1180, dated the
4th April, 1957 see gazette of India 1957, Pt. II, Sec, 3, p. 730,

Extended to and brought into force in Dadra and Nagar
Haveli (w.e.f.1-7-65). by Reg. 6 of 1963 s. l & ch. I.

The Act comes into force in Pondicherry on 1.10.1963.vide Reg. 7 of 1963, s. 3 and sch. I

Extended to and brought into force in the state Sikkim (w.e.f. 28-6-
1975) Vide Notifin No. S.O. No. 276(E), dt. 26.6.1975.Extended to Goa, Daman and Diu with modifications, by Reg 12 of 1962, s. 3 & Sch.

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196.(iii) all fences, trees, posts and boundary, furlong and mile stones of such highways or any land appurtenant to such highways.

5.Responsibility for development and maintenance of national highways.

5. Responsibility for development and maintenance of national highways. It shall be the responsibility of the Central Government to develop and maintain in proper repair all national highways; but the-
,Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, direct that any function in relation to the development or maintenance of any national highway shall, subject to such conditions, if any, as may be specified in the notification, also be exercisable by the
Government of the State within which the national highway is ,situated or by any officer or authority subordinate to the Central Government or to the State Government.

6.Power to issue directions.

6. Power to issue directions. The Central Government may give directions to the Government of any State as to the carrying out in the State of any of the provisions of this Act or of any rule, notification or order made thereunder.

7.Fees for services or benefits rendered on national highways.

7. Fees for services or benefits rendered on national highways.
(1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official
Gazette, levy fees at such rates as may be laid down by rules made in this behalf for services or benefits rendered in relation to the use of ferries, 1[permanent bridges the cost of construction of each of which in more than rupees twenty-five lakhs and which are opened to traffic on or after the 1st day of April, 1976] temporary bridges and tunnels on national highways 2[and the use of sections of national highways].

1[Provided that if the Central Government is of opinion that it is necessary in the public interest so to do, it may, by like notification, specify any bridge in relation to the use of which fees shall not be leviable under this sub-section.

(2) Such fees when so levied shall be collected in a with the rules made under this Act.

(3) Any fee leviable immediately before the commencement of this
Act for services or benefits rendered in relation to the use of ferries, temporary bridges and tunnels on any highway specified in the
Schedule shall continue to be leviable under this Act unless and until it is altered in exercise of the power conferred by subsection (1).

8.Agreements with State Governments or municipalities.

8. Agreements with State Governments or municipalities.
Notwithstanding anything contained in this Act, the Central, Government may enter into an agreement with the Government of any
State or with any authority entrusted with the control or management of any municipal area in relation to the development or maintenance of the whole or any part of a national highway situated within the State or, as the case may be, in relation to the development or maintenance of any such part of a highway situated within a municipal area as is referred to in sub-section (1) of section :land any such agreement May provide for the sharing of expenditure by the respective parties thereto.

9.Power to make rules.

9. Power to make rules. (1) The Central Government may, by notification in the Official Gazette, make rules for carrying out the purposes of this Act.

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1 Ins. by Act 30 of 1977, s. 2.2 Ins by Act 1 of 1993, s.2 (w.e.f. 23. 10.1992).

3. Ins. by Act 26 of 1993 s. 2.———————————————————————-

(2) In particular and without prejudice to the generality of the foregoing-power, such rules may provide for all or any of the follow-
ing. matters, namely:-

(a) the manner in which, and the conditions subject to which any function in relation to. the development or mainte-
nance of a national highway or any part thereof may be exercised by the State Government or any officer or authority subordinate to the Central Government or the State
Government;

1[(b) the rates at which fees for services rendered in relation to the use of ferries, permanent bridges, temporary bridges and tunnels on any national highway 3[and the use of sections of any national highway] may be levied and the manner in which such fees shall be collected under section.]

(c) the periodical inspection of national highways and the submission of inspection reports to the Central Government;

(d) the reports on works carried out on national highways;

(e) any other matter for which provision should be made under this Act.

1[ (3) Every rule made under this section shall be laid as soon as may be after it is made, before each House of Parliament, while it is in session, for a total period of thirty days which may be comprised in one session or in two or more successive sessions, and if, before the expiry of the session immediately following the session or the successive sessions aforesaid both Houses agree in making modification in the rule or both Houses agree that the rule should not be made, the rule shall thereafter have effect only in such modified form or be of no effect, as the case may be; so, however, that any such modification or annulment shall be without prejudice to the validity of anything previously done under that rule.]

10.Laying of notifications, rules, etc., before Parliament.

10. Laying of notifications, rules, etc., before Parliament. All notifications or agreements issued or entered into under this Act shall be laid before both Houses of Parliament as soon as may be after they are issued or entered into 2***

SCHE

NATIONAL HIGHWAYS

THE SCHEDULE

[ See Section 2]

NATIONAL HIGHWAYS

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Serial National
No. Highway Description of national highways
No.
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1 1 The highway connecting Delhi, Ambala, Jullundur and Amritsar and proceeding to the border between
India and Pakistan.

2 1A The highway connecting Jullunder, Madhopur, Jammu, Banihal Srinaga, Baramula and Uri.

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1 Subs. & ins. by Act 30 of 1977, s.3.2 Omitted by s. 4, ibid.

3 Ins. by Act 1 of 1993, s.3 (w.e.f. 3.10.1992).

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198.———————————————————————–

Serial National Description of national highways
No. Highway
No.

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3 * * *

4 3 The highway connecting Agra, Gwalior, Shivpuri, Indore, Dhulia, Nasik, Thana and Bombay.

5 4 The highway starting from its junction near Thana with the highway specified in serial No. 4 and connecting Poona, Belgaum, Hubli, Bangalore, Ranipet and Madras.

2[5-B 4-B earlier entry not available The, Highway starting from its junction with Panvel-Uran State Highway near Nhava-Sheva Port Complex and proceeding further with one arm terminating at Kalamboli on
National Highway No. 4 and another arm crossing
National Highway 17 near Palaspe and proceeding further to terminate on National Highway No. 4.6 5 The highway starting from its junction near Baharagora with the highway specified in serial No. 7 and connecting Cuttack, Bhubaneshwar, Visakhapatnam, Vijayavada and Madras.

7 6 The highway starting from its junction near Dhulia with the highway specified in serial No. 3 and connecting Nagpur, Raipur, Sambalpur, Baharagora and Calcutta.

8 7 The highway starting from its junction near
Banaras with the highway specified in serial No. 3.and connecting Mangawan, Rewa, Jabalpur, Lakhnadon,Nagpur, Hyderabad, Kurnool, Bangalore, Krishna-giri, Salem, Dindigul, Madurai and Cape
Comorin.

9 8 The highway connecting Delhi, Jaipur, Ajmer, Udai-
pur, Ahmedabad, Baroda and Bombay.

10 8A The highway connecting Ahmedabad, Limbdi, Morvi and Kandla.

11 8B The highway starting from its junction near Baman-
bhore with the highway specified in serial No. 10.and connecting Rajkot and Porbandar.

12 9 The highway connecting Poona, Sholapur, Hyderabad and Vijaavada.

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1 Omitted by Notifn No. S. O. 379 (E) dt. 25 July, 1975, Gazette of India Exty., Pt. II. S. 3 (ii) b. 1719.———————————————————————–

198A

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Serial National
No. Highway Description of national highways
No.
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13 10 The highway connecting Delhi and Fazilka proceeding to the border between India and
Pakistan and India.

1[13A 11 The highway connecting Agra, Jaipur and
Bikaner.

2[13B 12 The highway starting from Jabalpur,connecting
Bhopal, Biaora, Rajgarh,Khilchipar, Aklera, Jhalawar, Kota, Bundi, Devli, Tonk and terminating at Jaipur on National Highway No.
8.]

13C 13 The highway connecting sholapur and Chitradu-
rga.)

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1 Ins. by Notification No. S.O. 1199, dated the 4th May, 1960, Gazette of India. 1960. Pt. II, Sec. 3(ii), p. 1485.2 Subs. by Notifin No. 50 114 (E) bt. 17-2-1981, Gazette of India, Exty., Pt. II, see 3 (ii), of 246.———————————————————————–

199.———————————————————————–
Serial- National
No. Highway Description of national highways
No.
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14 22 The highway connecting Ambala, Kalka, Simla, Narkanda, Rampur and Chini and proceeding to the border between India and Tibet near
Shipki-La.

15 24 The highway connecting Delhi. Bareilly and
Lucknow.

16 25 The highway connecting Lucknow, Kanpur, Jhansi and Shivpuri.

17 26 The highway connecting Jhasi Lakhnadon.

18 27 The highway connecting Allahabad with the highway specified in serial No. 8 near
Mangawan.

19 28 The highway starting from its junction near
Barauni with the highway specified in serial
No. 23 and connecting Muzaffarpur, Pipra, Gorakhpur and Lucknow.

20 28A The highway starting from its junction near
Pipra with the highway specified in serial
No. 19 and connecting Sagauli and Raxaul and proceeding to the border between India and
Nepal.

21 29 The highway connecting Gorakhpur, Ghazipur and Banaras.

22 30
Mohania with the highway specified in serial
No. 3 and connecting Patna and Bakhtiyarpur.

23 31.Barhi with the high way specified in serial
No. 3 and connecting Bakhtiyarpur, Mokameh, Purnea, Dalkhola Siligur, Sivok and
Cooch Behar and proceeding its junction with the highway specified in serial No. 28 near
Goalpara.

24 31A The highway connecting Sivok and Gangtok.

1[24A 32 The highway starting from its junction near
Govindpur with the National Highway No. 2 and connecting Dhanbad with Jamshedpur to be a
National Highway.]

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1 Ins. by Notification No. S.O. 568, dated the 10th April, 1958, Gazette of India, 1958, Pt. II, Sec. 3(ii), p. 382.———————————————————————

200

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Serial National
No. Highway Description of national highways
No.
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25 33.with the highway specified in serial No. 3 and connecting Ranchi and Tatanagar and proceeding to its junction with the highway specified in serial
No. 7 near Baharagora.

26 34.Dalkhola with the highway specified in serial No.
23 and connecting Berhampore, Barasat and
Calcutta.

27 35.proceeding to the border between India and
Pakistan.

28 37.Goalpara with the highway specified in serial No.
23 and connecting Gauhati, Jorabat, Kamargaon, Makum and Saikhoa Ghat.

29 38.30 39.Palel and proceeding to the border between India and Burma.

31 40 The highway connecting Jorabat and Shillong and proceeding to the border between India and
Pakistan near Dawki.

32 42.Sambalpur with the highway specified in serial No.
7 and proceeding via Angul to its junction with the high way specified in serial No. 6 near
Cuttack.

33 43.proceeding to its junction with the highway specified in serial go. 6 near Vizianagaram.

34 45 The highway connecting Madras, Tiruchirapalli and
Dindigul.

35 46.36 47.Ernakulam, Trivandrum and Cape Comorin.

201.———————————————————————–
Serial National
No. Highway Description of national highways
No.
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37 1* * *

38 49.Dhanushkodi.

39 50
specified in serial No. 5 near Poona.

40 41 earlier entries not available.

2[45 56 The Highway starting from Lucknow and connecting Jagdishpur, Sultanpur and
Jaunpur and terminating near
Varanasi.]
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1 Omitted by Notifin. No. S. O. 178 (E), dt. 6-3-72, 493, of
India, Exty, Pt. II, See, 3 (ii), P. 441.2 Ins. by Notifin No. S.O. 868 (E), dt. 17.11.1984.————————————————————————


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