Territorial Army Act, 1948(PART-4)

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APPENDIX XIV

SYLLABUS OF TRAINING

1. Principles of Training—The general principles of training are set out in Chapter VI.

2. Tests—Concurrent with training at all phases it is essential That constant training and testing facilities be provided for soldiers to pass ther trade tests etc. in order to qualify for enhanced rates of pay.

3. Training subjects—

(a) Recruits(All Arms)—

(i) Proficiency in the use and maintenance of the rifle including its handling, aiming and firing. All TA recruits (excl excused ex-soldiers) will fire the Recruits Rifle Course, Parts I, II and III in their

first year of training (for Courses see Appx XV).

(ii) The use of the bayonet, except for Port Engrs, E & M Coys, Rly Engrs, Signal units (P & T) and Medical units.

(iii) Guard and sentry duties and turn out.

(iv) Drill to ensure steadiness and discipline.

(v) Physical Welfare (including compulsory games, route marches, PT, swimming and assault course).

(vi) Personal hygiene, cleaniness of lines and sanitation.

(vii) Discipline.

(viii) Care of clothing and equipment.\

(ix) Security.

(b) Trained Men (Non-Technical Units)—

(i) Proficiency in the use and maintenance of the personal weapon including its handling, aiming and firing.

(ii) TA Range Courses (to be fired in 2nd year)—

Parts I and II Trained Soldiers (Rifle)-For all personnel armed with the rifle except members of LMG Sections. 246

Parts I, II and III (LMG)—For all personnel of LMG Sections. Machine Carbine(sten) Course—For all personnel armed with the Sten. Revolver Course—For all personnel armed with the Revolver.

TA Range Course to be fired in the 3rd and subsequent years.

Part III (Retention of Efficiency Test Rifle)—For all personnel armed with the rifle (except members of LMG section).

Part IV (LMG)—For Nos 1 and 2 of LMG Sections. In their 4th and subsequent years Nos 1 and 2 of LMG Sections will fire Part V (LMG—Retention of Efficiency Test) only.

Part IV (LMG) and Part III (RET Rifle)—for other members of LMG Sections. Machine Carbine (Sten) Course—For all personnel armed with the the Sten. Revolver Course—For all personnel armed with

the revolver.

(iii) Further instructions in subjects noted in Sub-paras

(a) (ii)—(vi) above.

(iv) Handling and use of grenades (For course see Appx XV—F).

(v) Handling and use of 2” Mortar (For couse see Appx XV—G).

(vi) Handling and use of 3” Mortar (For course see Appx XV—H).

(vii) First aid and stretcher drill.

(viii) Tent pitching.

(ix) Local topography and map reading.

(x) Elementary field engineering including use of tools,

construction of trenches and wiring.

(xi) Field-craft, battle drill and field signals.

(xii) Visual and observation training including judging distances, indication and recognition. 247

(xiii) Application of fire and fire control and range cards.

(xiv) Specialist training for Signal Platoon, MT Platoon and Pioneer Platoon.

(xv) Use of M9AI (See Appendix XV-J).

(xvi) Section and Platoon Training.

(xvii) Duties in aid of Civil Power.

(c) Training Men (Technical Units)—

(i) Further training in the subjects noted in sub-paras

(a)(ii)—(ix) above and in sub-paras (b)(i)—

(x) above, where applicable.

(ii) Completion of the appropriate Range Course noted in sub-para (b)(ii) above. Where an adequate standard has been reached in the above basic training subjects, technical training as under may commence but continous revision of selected, basic training subjects must be given concurrently.

4. Armoured Corps—

(a) Driver B Vehicles—Principles of I/C engine. The Otto cycle. Multi cylinder petrol engine. Lubrication incl wet sump. Cooling and maintenance. Carburation. Petrol pump, filters, tanks, and carburetters. Air cleaners and maintenance. Petrol system sequence fault finding. Electrical circuits. Batteries. Battery and coilignition (incl fault finding). Stoppages. Charging system-component and operation, maintenance and common defects. Starting system—components and operation. Lighting and accessories—components and maintenance. 248 Engine clutches, objects, components, operation and maintenance.

Gear Box (Crach Type) object, components, operation and maintenance. Transmission—Gear Box to raod wheels (no theory). Brakes—mechanical and hydraulic, bleedin g and adjusting. Front Axles—Description and types. Steering—object, components, operation and maintenance. Suspension—object and maintenance. Wheels and tyres incl components, types and maintenance. Practical maintenance.

(b) Driving—

Take over of vehicle.

Recognition, stowage of tools and equipment.

Highway code and accident reports.

Crew drill.

Driving controls.

Starting drill.

Moving off, stopping and steering and width adjustment.

Changing up and down.

Reversing.

Practical road driving.

Fitting chains.

Cross country driving.

Towing and unditching.

Task system of maintenance.

Drivers inspection.

Driving tests.

(c) Armoured Cars (Theory)—

General lay out and data.

Engine lubrication.

Engine cooling.

Fuel system.

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Carburetter and air cleaners.

Petrol system fault finding.

Ignition system including fault finding.

Lighting, starting and charging.

Fluid fly wheel (Daimlers).

Gearbox.

Transfer-Box.

Transmission.

Shock absorbers and suspension.

Braking and steering system.

(d) ‘A’ Vehicles-Driving—

Taking over AFV-tool check, drivers stowage and records.

Driving and use of hand signals.

Controls and starting up, moving off stopping and elementary steering.

Gear changing up and down.

Cross country driving.

Steering and width adjustment.

Elementary obstacle driving.

Road driving.

Towing and recovery.

Drivers inspection.

Parade maintenance.

(e) Gunners—Investigation of AFV.Introduction 2 Pdr* loading. firing and unloding.

2 Pdr* stripping, care and cleaning, names of parts.30 Brown or 7.92 Besa-Introduction, loading, firing and unloading.30 Brown or 7.92 Besa-Stripping and mechanism, care and cleaning.

2 Pdr* and mechanism. Telescope, periscope and binoculars.

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*or whichever, weapon is issued.250 Fire orders and crew drill. Pellet or sub Cablibre range. Recognition of ammunition. Care and cleaning.30 Brwon or 7.92 Besa-Immediate action.

Recoil system-action, components’fault, filling and tapping up and maintenance. Tests and adjustments firing gear.Handling AFV. Point of aim.Hand traversing. T and A Sights-AFVs.

Investigation of AFV.Mount and dismount Co-AX-AFV.Local smoke weapons-Introduction and strippingmounting and dismounting on AFV.Firing gear AFVs.

Preparation of armament for action.Crew control run. Fire orders and crew drill.AFV recognition and visula training-British AFVs-Cromwell, Comet, Chuchill, Centurian, Avenger

Aluto, Archer, Daimler, Humber.Recognition of Targets.Judging distance.American AFVS—(Recognition) Herman, Stuart, Chaffee, Pershing, MIO, Sexton, Staghound.Russian AFVs—(Recognition) Josef Stalin, T 34 KVSU 152.Shadow graph and training aids.AFV Camouflage.

(f) Operator Wireless—Codes.

R/T Procedure.W/S No 19 (incl maintenance).Electricity.251Batteries.Wave meter W/S No 38. Telephones. Morse.

(g) Crew and Troop Driving   Crew drill and duties Stowage.

Flag and arm signal code. R/T odrers messages and reports.Fire orders and fire control.Concealment and Camouflage.Use of ground and cover.Fire Tacties.Unditching and Towing.Dismounted action.

5. Artillery-

(a) Gun drill:-

Dutiesss of a dectachment and its compostion.

Gun drill

Name of parts.

To bring a gun into action and out of action.

Fire discipline.

Sequence of orders.

Examination, care and maintenance of equipment.

Ammunition.

Preparation of gun pits.

Development of a gun position.

(b) Instrument and connected Equipment Drill—

Duties of a detachment and its compostion.

Name of parts.

To set up the instrument.

To bring the instrument out of action.

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Instrument drills (at all system of fire control).

Tests and adjustments.

Examination, care and maintenance of equipment.

Sequence of orders.

Fire discipline.

Development of command-post.

(c) Operators Wireless-Artillery-

Wireless equipment.

Operate on RT/WT both as out station and control.

Carry out operators daily maintenance on set.

Connect up, operate and maintain charging equipment.

Maintenance of secondary battries.

Lay and maintain field cables.

Connect, test and operate exchange.

Connect, operate and maintain a telephone set.

Procedure as laid down in Signal Training (All Arms)

Pamphlet NO9. Appendix ‘D’ para 4.

(d) Drivers M.T-

(i) Driving- To-include-

Drill to start, march and stop a vehicle.

Hand signals.

Reversing into a Garage.

Correct drill for cornering, negotiating hair-pin bend, overtaking slow moving vehicle and turning about on the road.Ascending and decending-stopping and starting on steep incilines.

City/Heavy trafic driving.Cross-country-driving.Night driving-with and without lights.Convoy driving.Driving a vehicle on tow or towing another vehicle or gun.253

(ii) Chassis and Vehicle Maintenance To

Include-Names and uses of tools and equipment of the Vehicle.

Daily maintenance task system.

Use of jack, fire appliances, skid chains. Wheel changing, tyre removing and repair of tubes. Finding and rectifying petrol and electrical stoppages of minor nature. Joint on ‘D’ class canle, including soldering outfit

(iii) Dismounted Drill-To include-

Rules of the road.

Road surface sense.

Road signs.

Accident procedure-preparation of accident report form duties of driver.

Knowledge of all MT forms carried by the driver.

Battery and tyre economy.

6-A. Engineers-

(a) Field works-

Field geometry-marking ground, measuring slopes and  gap marking right angles. Use of tools-including racing and 100 tapes, rod, levels, cutting tools, rules and bonning rods.

Timber frames for culverts.

Knotes and their uses.

Lashing including bull dig clip and double throated clamps, constructing a bridge with lasted trestles. Tackles-Rope and SWR.

Anchorages-picket, ordance and log and buried holdfasts.

Camouflages-Natural, camouflage-nets, camouflage weapon pits and vehicles.

Revetment-Pickets, CGI, XPM, PSP, brushwood,Sandbags.

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(b) Watermanship-

Pantoon parts, rowing gear, detailing crew, rowing cutters, non-folding boats, assault boats, pontoon and ranger boats. Throwing breast line.

Preparing anchor and laying.

Improvised rafts.

(c) Demolition-

Use of explosives.

Type of explosive-safty fuse, primers, detonators,igniters and electric firing appliances.Testing and igniting safty fuses.Use of cordtex prima cord and orange fuse Cutting a SWR with gun cotton

Use of exploder dyanmo and test set. Joining electrical cables. Safety precautions. Making rings mains with cordtex or prima cord. Firing detonator with safety fuse. Use of camouflet charge and set.

Making a creater with camouflet equipment. Bore-hole charge in wood and concrete. Preparing an RSJ, or SWR bridge for demolition.

(Dummy charge)

Making and firing pole cherges, Bangalore torpedoes, General Wade and Beehive charges.

(d) Bobby Traps-

Use of British switches.

To bobby trap a house and area.

Use of bobby traps-igniters, trip-wire, silent sentry,

Pangies,

(e) Water Supply-

Equipment.

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L and F pumps and Nos 3 and 5 pumping sets.

Erection of ‘S’ tank and 359 gal mule through

Trapaulin and picket tank.

Purification of drinking water.

Use of screw pipes.

Erection of a water supply system.

(f) Mines-

Arming and disarming A/TK mines A/Per mines

and 75 grenade.

Use of laying of above.

Laying and recording of minefields.

Clearing and breaching minefields.

Mine-detector.

(g) Auxiliaries-

Construction field kitchen, urinals, soak pits etc.

(h) Tubular scaffolding-

Including couplers, and loading and side loading pier

observation/water tower.

Suspension bridge, scaffolding frame.

(i) Aerial Rope way.

(j) Bailey Bridge (Dry)

Components, Bailey circus, making grillage, laying out

stores, making 60 BB and DD bridge.

(k) FBRCarrying

a folding boat.

Name of parts.

Making FBB raft.

Detailing crew and rowing

Making a trestle.

Making a half floating bay.

Joining half floating bay with shore and ransom and

completing bridge.

Driving FBE rafts with propulsion units.

Use of out board motors and power boats.

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Making and dismantling A/TK gun raft.

Making half folating bays in both banks of a river.

Raft ferrying between landing stages.

Making a bl 5’tracked raft.

Use of balancing gear and making shore landing raft.

landing stages, ferring of stores.

(i) Baily Bridge (Wet)-

Naming of arts, making, launching and dimantling a 60’ DS bending, Bay, Making a floating Bay (inclend Floating bay) making and dismantling a half floating bay.

6-B. Transportation Units-

(a) Rilway Construction Coy. Construction of-

A main line and curves.

A station siding.

Cross-overs.

Erection of short spans upto 30’.

Erection of one major bridge.

Span, launching and dismantling.

Formation building.

Drainage.

Works under traffic.

(b) Railway Operation Coy-

Operating on a main line according to Military rules.

Operating within station limits.

Yard operating.

Depot operating.

(c) Railway Workshop Coy Pl (TA)

Various types of priodical repair and maintenance of locs, carriages and wagons.

(d) Railway Bridge Repair Pl (TA)

Inspection and Maintenance of various types of bridges.257

Minor repairs to demaged bridges.

(e) Railway Bridge Construction Coy (TA)

Pile Driving

Construction of piers.

Fabrication of girders.

Launcing of girders.

(f) Docks Operation Coy-

Dummy ships and for working cargo.

Dummy quay-sides to work form.

Working offshore.

7. Signals.

(a) MT Drivers- Driving to include-

Correct drill to start,march and stop a vehicle.

Correct hand- signals.

Correct rules of the road.

Cross country driving and night driving with and without blackout lights.

Names and uses of tools and equivalent of the vehicles.

Daily tasks and weekly maintenances.

Use of fire-appliances, skid-chains and sand channels.Minor fault finding, wheel changing tyre removing and repair of inner tubes.

Rectifying minor petrol and ignition stoppages.Road signs.Rules of the road.

Accident procedure.

MT Documents.

Vehicle recovery.

POL accounting

(b) Despatch Riders-

Signal office duties.

DR Clerk and Orderly Clerk duties.

Route plans and loaction lists.

Convey duties.

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Army organisation upto Corps level.

To ride a service motor-cycle, including cross-country riding by day with without balckout lights.

Unit maintenance on motor cycles.

Detailed report on road conditions.

To reconnoitre and report on telephone and telegraph line. Pole crossing and tying back-‘D’ class cables.

Joint on ;D’ class cables including soldring outfit. Service secondary battries. To unpack, connect up and test field service telephones.

MT Driving.

(c) Linemen–

Electric Current, units of electricity conductors and inslators cells in series and parallel. Ohms Law, theory of telephone receiver and microphone, simple telephone circuits and protection of line circuits. Working member of detachments for the following types of construction-

Filed cable. Cable airline.PVC Poledquad.Joint in all types of cables and wires using soldering materials. Construction of PL routes of all types.

Recognition of PL stores. Method and uses of transposing.To unpack, connect and test the following– Switch board magnetoo. Test set portable.

Distribution and test frames.Superimposing unit. Field telephones.

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Bridge meggar.

Wheatstone bridge.

To lead in and wire upto Corps or equivalent signal office.Diagram and plans showing types of construction.Connection and also pole diagrams.

Elementary AC and line transmission theory to include loading devices and superimposing.

Routine line tests with test sets and to locate faults not involving calculation.

To write fault reports and compile and maintain frame records.

(d) Operator Trades-

AC theory, electricity and magnetism, propagation and reception of wireless waves. To send messages on teleprinter.

To send and receive messages by fullerphones and wireless.

To operate telephone exchanges.

To operatre teleprinter switchboard.

To send and receive by phone.

To type messages with no errors.

Procedure as laid down for sending and receiving messages

by L/T and W/T under all conditions.

Signals office procedure and duties of all signal clerks.

To connect up and operate L/T instruments and W/T

set in use in the Regt including radio teleprinters.

Aerials- their types and uses.

Battery charging care and maintenance.

(e) Workshop Trades-

Electricity and magnetism, AC theory, W/T theroy in application to W/T sets, principles of telephone repeaters L.C telegraphy, VF telegraphy, Tele, electromagnetic waves, aerials, transmission phenomenon, waves meters, R/T procedure. VF signalling, carries telephony, application to singleand multi-channel service equipment.

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Teleprinter circuits, telephone switch Boards, VF telegraph equipment VF telegraph repeaters. To test, locate and rectify faults onpower supply from mains. Telegraph instrument.W/T sets.

Teleprinters.Field telephones.

Teleprinters and terminal units.

Multichannel telephgone carrier equipment.

Audio telephonbe repeaters.

Carrier telephone repeaters.

A.C and D.C generators and their maintenance.

Secondary batteries and their charging from mains and charging plants.

Preparation of line balances for two wire working, line tests and fault localisations, operation of rerouting schedule and organisation of fault control centre.

Circuit diagrams.

Types and uses of testing and measuring instruments.

(f) Fitter Signals—

Fitter Signals tools and their uses.

Taps, dises, feeler gauges.

Brazing and soldering.

To make up and temper small tools.

Knowledge of electricity and magnetism.

Sound knowledge of IC Engine (petrol and diesel solid injection) and of charging and lighting sets.To carry out drivers daily and weekly maintenance and to start, operate, and close down charging and

lighting sets and also IC Engines. Battery charging, battery servicing and use of battery testing appliances.

Motor driving and motor cycle riding.

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8. ASC—

(a) G.T. Coys—

(i) Driving to include—

Correct drill to start, march and stop a vehicle.

Correct hand signals.

Reversing into a garage.

Correct drill for cornering, negotiating hairpin  bends, over-taking slow moving vehicles, and turning about on the road.Ascending and descending—stopping and starting on steep inclines.

City/Heavy traffic driving.

Cross country driving—through ditches, ‘nallahs’soft and boggy ground. Night driving—with and without lights. Convoy driving.

Driving a vehicle on tow or towing another vehicle. (ii) Chassis and Vehicle Maintenance to include—

Names and uses of tools and equipment of the vehicles.

Daily maintenance task system. General knowledge of essential components of ‘B’vehicles.

Use of jack, fire appliances, skid chains and sand channels. Wheel changing, tyre removing and repair of inner tubes.

Finding and rectitying petrol and electrical stoppages of minor nature.

(iii) Dismounted Drill to include—

Rules of the road.

Road surface sense.

Road Signs.

Accident procedure—preparation of accident report form—duties of driver.

Knowledge of all M.T. forms carried by the driver.  262

Vehicle recovery – simple.Battery and tyre economy and maintenance.Procedure for drawing P.O.L. and accounting forthe driver—use of various forms.

(b) Composite platoon—

ASC organisation of supply and P.O.L. units.

Depot routine.

Identification of supplies and case markings.

Handling of civil labour and care of depot equipment.

Weights and measures in common use.

Preparation of sites for storage of supplies and use of dunnage.

Storing, stacking and handling of supplies and use of gravity rollers.

Correct method of loading and unloading all types of transport—road and rail.Recognition of P.O.L. containers and contents. Storage, stacking and handling—P.O.L.

Use of more common carpenter’s tools.

Protection of supplies against vermin, pests, pilferage and preventible losses.

Use of Depot fire fighting appliances. Accounting for and classification of packing materials and method of bundling.

Hygiene and chemical stores.

Disposal of salvage and containers.

Warranty periods.

Elementary store accounting and upkeep of tally sheets and stack cards.

Types of fodder and method of storage.

Stock taking procedure.

Reconditioning of supplies.

Sampling procedure.

Handling of fresh fruit, vegetable, ice, bread, fish and meat.

Characteristics of fuel light and disinfectants. Control of and accounting for Depot contingents.

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9. EME—

(a) Individual Technical Training—

The technical training of tradesmen in EME, Territorial Army units as outlined in the following syllabi is designed to give such tradesmen a fair knowledge of Army equipments and practice in Army workshop methods. The aim of these syllabi is to bring a TA tradesman upto a standard approximating to the lowest class in the equivalent trade in the army. In the event of their being embodied in the regular army tradesmen will be required to undergo short and intensive course of trade training at EME training establishments.

(i) Armourers—

Armourers duties and responsibilities. Workshop practices such as use of— Armourers gauge.

Care and use of Armourers tools. Wood working—draw patching to stocks of small arms.

Fore and fitting-making of simple tools appropriate to his trade.

Hardening, tempering, soldering and brazing. Practical instruction in care—preservation—stripping. cleaning-re-assembling. Identification of component parts.

Inspection of arms and detection of faults.Repair, modification and adjustments to rifles, bayonets and scab-boards, pistols Brens, Thompson and Stens, Vickers M.G. mortars (Depending on the

arms available with the unit).

Zeroing and testing of all weapons.

Instruction in general maintenance and repair of bicycle and cookers.

(ii) Blacksmiths—

Workshop practices as applied to his trade in the Army. Practical instruction in cre and use of blacksmiths tools-nomenclature, recognition of and usage of the various metals and materials used.

Practice in trade-manufacture of simple blacksmith’s and lathe tools, tempering, normalising, annealing and case hardening.

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Whenever practicable these tradesmen will be given practice in carrying out actual repairs to unit equipments.

(iii) Carpenters and Joiners—

Workshop practice as applied to his trade in army.Wherever practicable the tradesmen will be given practice in carrying out repairs to unit equipments, e.g.vehicle bodies.

Practical instruction in the care and use of carpenter tools. Selection of timber for suitable jobs-defects in timber.

Simple carpentry operation-tonguing, grooving, scarfing,

splicing, dove-tailing, mortice and tenon jointing.

Simple wood turning.

Estimation of quantities.

Storage and preservation of timber.

(iv) Electrician AFV–

Practical instruction on electrical system on AFV’s armoured cars and slave battery charging plant (dependent on available unit’s equipment mentioned).

Instruction on Ignition, charging, turret, power traverse

and lighting systems.

Practicle fault finding, adjustment of components and

wiring.

(v) Electrician MV—

Practical instruction of electrical systems on ‘B’ Vehs.

Battery charging.

Practical fault finding, adustment of components and

wiring.

Motor cycle electrical equipment incl magdyne-regulator

cut out and head lamp circuits.

Electrical equipment, generators, motors and starter

gears, switch panel and battery charging equipment

of workshop lorry (if available with unit).

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(vi) Drivers MT—

Instruction in driving Army ‘B’ Vehicle and where

necessary motor cycles.

Practice in negotiating difficult terrain, reversing in confined

areas, stopping and starting on gradients.

Instruction in task system of maintenance—maintenance

parades.

Care and use of tools.

Driving Recovery Vehicles (where available)—reversing

with suspended low-operation of whinch gear etc.

Recovery methods.

(vii) Fitters—

Workshops practice in his trade as applied to the

Army.

Simple turning., and screw cutting.

Practical instruction in care and preservation of Field

AA Guns.

Practice in the maintenance, repair and modification of

ordnance, carriage mounting and recoil sysems of

artillery eqipment (Department on types of equipments

held by units maintained).

Identification of parts and their functions.

Instruction on care and use of sight and field clinometers.

Setting of sights (This will not be undertaken until the

fitter has acquired a sound knowledge of the theory

of guns sights).

(viii) Instrument Mechanics—

Instruction in the correct method of using, and the care

and preservation of tools and machinery peculiar

to instrument workshop. (Department on equipments

held by units).

Practice in tempering, hardening, soft and hard soldering

and heat treatments.

Simple turning and screw cutting.

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Practice in the use of precision measuring instruments.

e.g., verniers, micrometers etc.

Practice in the preservation, repair maintenance and adjustment

of compasses, binoculars, telescopes, range

finders, direct dial sights, periscope, speedometers

and other instruments in use in the service.

(ix) Turners—

Instruction in care, use and daily maintenance of lathescare

and preservation of lathe tools and hand tools

associated with lateh work.

Practice in turning, simple screw cutting—use of callipers,

micrometer and limit gauges, chasers.

Practice in facing up block to give dimensions, Wherever

practicable tradesmen will be put on work

actually required on unit equipments.

(x) Welders—

Instruction in the care, use and maintenance of oxyacetylene

and electrical welding equipments with

emphasis on safety precautions which must ;be observed.

Practice in welding metal steel, high carbon steel, cast

iron, copper, brass, bronze and aluminum, lead

welds, flat and over-head welds, oxyacetylene cutting.

Wherever practicable tradesmen will be put on jobs

actually required on unit equipments.

(xi) Upholsterers—

Instruction in the use, care and maintenance of sewing

machines, accessories and tools associated therewith.

Practice in hand sewing, machining, cutting out and

making up stuffed buttons and eyelets, leather

working.

Wherever practicable the tradesmen will be put on

actual repairs required to unit equipments.

(xii) Painters and Decorators—

Instruction in use, care and maintenance of painters

tools and materials.

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Practice in painting, use, of blow lamp, mixing preparation

and matching of point, preparation of surface,

use of stencils, cutting glass, glazing etc.

Instruction in the principles of disruptive painting.

Wherever practicable the tradesmen will be put on

actual painting jobs required by the unit.

(xiii) Vehicle Mechanics MV—

Wherever practicable the tradesmen will be put on to

jobs on unit vehicles to familiarise them with

methods of repair of army vehicles.

Practice in over-haul, dismantling, repair modification

of major assemblies, fault location and adjustment

as applied to B vehicles and motor cycles.

Instructions in the elements of blacksmithing, tinsmithing,

brazing and soldering.

(xiv) Vehicle Mechanic AFV—

In addition to training given to vehicle Mech MV—

Practical instruction in repairs(upto 2nd echelon

standard) of AFV engines, transmission, suspension

tracks, turrets etc.

Practice in inspection before and after repair, knot

taping and slicing and their many uses in A

vehicle repairs.

(xv) Armament Artificers—

Armament Artificers of the EME TA will be found

from ex-regular armament artificers or civilians employed

in a supervisory capacity in engineering

concerns who have a sound theoretical knowledge

and considerable practical experience in one of the

following trades—

Automobile Engineering.

Electrical Engineering.

Wireless Engineering.

In the case of the latter category of tradesmen the

object of their technical training in the T.A. will

be to apply their knowledge and experience in civil

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trades to military equipments and workshop practices

in order that they may take their place in the

T.A. as Technical specialists on a particular group

of military equipments. The following training

syllabi cover in general the training of all armament

artificers. They are equally applicable to exregular

armament artificers in as much as they

provide a means of keeping such tradesmen in

touch with their army trades.

In the event of their being embodied in the regular

army, armament artificers of the T.A. will be

reqired to undergo an intensive short course in

their particular trades at the EME shcool, in order

that they may be brought up to the basic standards

laid down for armament artificers in the regular

army.

(xvi) Armament Artificers, Guns—

Theoretical and practical instruction in such subjects as

the principles of AA and Field Gunnery and gun

construction breech mechanisms, firing mechanisms,

obstruction, recoil systems, carriages and mountings.

Practice in the examination and inspection of

ordnance—taking impressions of bores condemnation

procedure etc.

Care and preservation, maintenance, repair and modification

of Artillery equipments.

Testing and setting of sights.

Care and use of Artillery tools, sight, and field clinometers.

Care and preservation, maintenance, and repair, inspection

and modification of the common types of light,

medium and heavy machine guns.

(xvii) Armament Artificers, Instruments—

Instructions in the principles of optics—construction and

function of optical and other instruments in current

use in the service.

Practice in the repair, adjustment and maintenance of

service instruments.

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Inspection routine and procedure for testing various

types of telescopes, binoculars, clinometers, directors

and height and range finders, dial sights, range

finders, theodolites and levels.

Instruction on the construction, maintenance and repair

of gyrostabilisers, and gyro directional indicators

(if available with unit maintained).

(xviii) Armament Artificers, Vehicles—

Instruction on the general principles of C.I. and I.C.

Engines and workshop practices concerned with the

maintenance and repair thereof.

Instruction in construction and design of A and B

vehicles in current use, chassis, suspension, steering

systems, brakes engine lubrication systems,

transmission, electrical systems, etc.

Practice in “in”and “out” inspection of A and B vehicles,

location of faults requiring working repair,

lining up and testing a chassis for distortion,

treatment of loose components major overhauls,

examination, adjustment and assembly of vital

engine parts, e.g. cam, crank, and rocker shaft, oil

pumps and relief valves, connecting rod etc, remetalling

of main and big end white metal bearing,

bedding in crank shaft etc.

Practice in testing, dismantling, cleaning, inspection,

timing and equalising of injectors, phasing and calibrating

etc. timing and fault finding on C.I.

engines.

Practice in electric and acetylene welding and its uses

in vehicle electrical circuits and equipments.

(xix) Armament Artificers, Wireless—

Instructions in the principles, construction, care and use

of all measuring instruments used in the inspection

and repair of wireless equipments in the service.

Instruction in the theory, construction, circuit diagrams,

etc., of wireless equipments used in the Service and

practice in the maintenance, repair, adjustment and

preservation of these equipments.

276

277

(xx) Armament Artificer, Electrical—

Practical instruction on electrical system on AFVs and

B Vehs, armuored cars, motor cycles, slave batterycharging

plants (if available) in current use.

Practical fault finding and adjustment of wiring of all

A and BV Vehs, also such electrical equipment as

generators, motors and starter gears, switch panel

and battery charging equipment of workshop lorry

etc. (If available with unit).

Instruction in the use, construction and functions of all

electrical tests equipments.

Instruction and practice in house and power wiring, insulation,

installation, methods of detecting faults in

same.

(xxi) Armament Artificers, Radar—

Instruction in construction and function of the various

type of radar equipment in use in the army.

Instruction in the construction and methods of using

various test instruments associated with radar equipment.

Practice in repair, maintenance, adjustment, calibration.

fault finding, and preservation of radar equipments.

(b) Training common to all EME Personnel—

EME Unit organisation and functions.

Stores procedure.

Army Workshop Methods.

*Inspection procedure.

*Repair procedure.

*Unit MT procedure.

*Duties of EME Staff and EME Officers.

*Relations of EME with other Arms and Services.

EME Units in the field, disposal, concealment vehicle

distance convoys, loading and unloading.

Procedure for dealing with defect reports.

278

279

EMER (I) Procedure.

*Instruction in these subjects will be given only to officers,

JCOs and WOs.

10. AMC—

(a) All Units—

Further stretcher drill and exercise including loading

and unloading Ambulance Cars.

Elementary anatomy and physiology.

Field Medical Cards.

Further elementary military hygiene and sanitation.

First aid—including bleeding, fractures and use of splints

(including Thomas Splint) dislocation and burns.

Artificial respiration.

Heat stroke, effect of cold, shock.

Asepsis and antisepsis.

Head injuries.

Dressing of wounds—first field and shell dressings.

Bandaging and bandages.

Essentials of nursing.

Military medical organisation.

Hospital dietary.

(b) Field Amb and Surgical Teams—

ADS and MDS lay out in role, defence after attack, retirement.

Care of sick and wounded.

Relay post-stretcher bearers.

Operation Theatre field surgical team.

Pre-operative preparations and post-operative nursing,

temperature chart and pulse graphs.

(c) Field Hygiene Sections and Anti-Malaria Units—

Back ground of military hygiene.

Hygiene organisation—peace and war.

Climate and health.

280

Food and nutrition.

281

Water supplies.

Disposal of waste products.

Hygiene appliances.

Hygiene inspections.

Control of malaria.

Anti-malaria organisation—peace and war.

DDT—barrier and selective spraying.

Control of preventable disease.

Disinfection and disinfestation.

Note—Advance medical training in specialist subjects will be

effected by attachments to existing military medical establishments.

11. POSTALS—

(a) Packers—

English numerals and letters.

Hindustani in prescribed script.

Stamping postal articles correctly.

Types of seals and stamps, clearing, charging, storing.

‘Face’ postal articles for sorting and examination.

Stringing and bag lables.

Typing and sealing mail bags.

Exchange of mails with other POs and RMS sections.

Mail carrier and escorts duties.

(b) Postmen—

Simple Arithmetic.

Simple English.

Hindustani in prescribed script.

Latest rates inland and FS postage.

Money-order commission and registration fee.

Filling up of postal forms, money orders, savings bank

and cash certificates, registration and other postal

services.

Test from P & T Pocket Guide and Army Postal Guide.

Sale of Postage Stamps and simple accounts for same.

Preliminary sorting into arms of service.

Check slips on labelled bundles.

282

283

Booking and delivery registered articles at outstations.

Incoming and outgoing mail bags-outstation.

(c) Clerks—

Army and Postal Regulations orders and instructions.

Departmental correspondence.

Simple arithmetic including compound fraction, simple

and compound interest and rule of proportion.

Territorial Geography especially of India.

Nomenclature of army units and abbreviations.

Sorting of mail.

Booking of various postal articles.

Closing , opening and sealing mail.

Preparing mail.

Registered and parcel lists and abstracts.

Answering enquiries of all postal matters.

Typing.

Office organisation and routine.

Provisioning and accounting for stationery and forms.

Field and Base Post Office accounts.

Duties of Field Postmaster.

Instructions based on P & T Manual, P & T, Guide, classified.

284

285

APPENDIX XXII—contd

APPENDIX XV

MUSKERY COURSES FOR RECRUITS AND TRAINED SOLDIERS RIFLE ANDLMG

THE MINIATURE RANGE COURSE

This course will be fired by recruits of all arms and services.

Practice Practice Target Range in Rounds Instructions Scoring

Remarks

number metres

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

(h)

1 Grouping 30.4 cm target with 22.86 m 5 Position lying with rest 1 inch 3 points

white aiming mark 2 inch 2 points

3 inch 1 point

HPS 3 points

2 Deliberate 30.4 cm target 22.86 m 5 Position lying with rest Bul and

inner –3 points

Magpie –2 points

outer –1 point

HPS –15 points

3 Snapshooting Rep Fig. 12 22.86 m 5 (a) Position lying with 3 points per bit

rest

(b) 5 exposures of 5 seconds

each.

Control at firing point HPS—15 points

_________

15

Note—The course will be fired twice by recruits of all arms and services and may be repeated in case of weak recruits at the discretion of

the COs.

286

287

INSTRUCTIONAL COURSE RIFLE

This course will be fired by recruits of all arms and services.

Practice Practice Target Range in Rounds Instructions Scoring

Remarks

number metres

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

(h)

1. Grouping 1.22 m Grouping 91.440 m 5 (a) Recruit fires one 4 inches—3 points

target Group of 5 rounds 8 inches—2 points

12 inches—1 point

(b) Position lying with HPS –3 points

rest.

2. Deliberate Fig 11 with two rect- 91.440 m 5 Position standing in fire Inner rectangle—3 points

angles inner rect- trench with rest Outer rectangle—2 points angles size 15.2 cm Anywhere else x 20.25 cm outer on target –1 point rectangle size 30.4 HPS –15points

cm x 40.5 cm

3. Snapshooting Fig 12 91.440 m 5 (a) Position lying with 3 points per hit rest.

(b) There will be 6 expos- HPS –15 points ures of 5 seconds each.

4. Deliberate Fig 13 27.43 m 10 (a) This practice will be 3 points per hit fired during night HPS –30 points

(b) Position lying with rest.

(c) Target will be illuminated at the butt.Total 25

288

RECRUITS CLASSIFICATION COURSE RIFLE

This course will be fired by recruits of all arms and services.

Practice Practice Target Range in Rounds Instructions Scoring

Remarks

number metres

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

(h)

1. Deliberate Fig 11 target with 2 91.440 m 5 Position lying without Inner rectangle—3points rectangle inner re- rest Outer rectangle—2

points

ctangle size 15.2 cm Anywhere else on target

x 20.25 cm outer –1point

rectangle size 30.4 HPS — 15 points

cm x 40.5 cm

2. Snapshooting Fig 11 91.440 m 5 (a) Standing in fire trench 3 points per hit with forearm rested

(b) There will be 6 expos- HPS —15 points ures of 5 secs. each

3. Snapshooting Fig 12 91.440 m 5 (a) Standing in fire trench 3 points per hit with forearm rested

(b) There will be 6 expos- HPS —15 points ures of 5 secs. each

4. Deliberate Three Fig 11 91.440 m 15 (a) Position lying with 3 points per hit (sustained firing) Target mounted on a rest.target frame (b) The exposures for tar-HPS –45 points gets will be 2 minutes

(c) Not more than 5 hits to count on any one target

Total 30

Qualifying scores will be as given below :–

HPS MM 1st Class SS Remarks

90 67 58 45 MM –75%

1st Class—64%

SS—- 50%

289

TRAINED SOLDIERS CLASSIFICATION COURSE (RIFLE)

This course will be fired by recruits of all arms and services.

Practice Practice Target Range in Rounds Instructions Scoring

Remarks

number metres

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

(h)

1. Grouping 1.22 m grouping 91.440 m 5 (a) Position lying without points will not be awarded target rest

(b) Firer fires one Group of 5 rounds

2. Timed Two Fig 11 Targets 182.880 m 10 (a) Position standing in Inner rectangle – 3 points with 2 rectangles in- fire trench Outer rectangle—2

points ner rectangle size Anywhere else 15.2cm x 20.25 cm on target — 1 point outer rectangle size (b) Exposure to be Con- HPS — 30 points

30.4cm +40.5 m trolled from butt and to be 45 seconds (c) Not more than 5 hits per target to count

3. Deliberate Fig 11 target with 2 182.880 m 5 Position lying without Inner rectangle—3points rectangle inner re- rest Outer rectangle—2

Points ctangle size 15.2 Anywhere else cmx20.25 cm on target –1point outer rectangle size HS —15 point 30.4 cm x 40.5 m

4. Snapshooting Fig 12 182.880 m 5 (a) Position standing in 3 points per hit 6

exposures will fire trench be given firing

(b) Exposures of 4 sec the  practice for each the first time as

(c) Exposures to be coninstructional trolled from butt HPS–15 points 290

291

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

(h)

5. Snapsbooting Fig 11 182.880 m 5 (a) Position lying without 3 points per hit 6

exposures will rest be given firing

(b) 5 exposures of 4 sec HPS—15 points this

practice for each the  first time as (c) Exposures to be coninstructional.

trolled from butt. 6. Deliberate 1 Fig 13 27.43 m 10 (a) This practice will be 3 points per hit

fired during night

(b) Position lying with HPS—–30 pointsrest.

(c) Targets will be illuminated at the butt

Total 40

NOTES– 1. This course will be fired by trained soldiers of all arms and services twice, first as instructional and then as classification

as per the

details given below :–

(a) Infantry Trained Soldiers — Whole Course

(b) Trained Soldiers other arms and services including departmental units — Practice 1, 2, 4 and 6

2. The practices may be fired from shorter ranges if necessary range facilities for 182.880 m do not exist.

3. All practices will be fired without rest unless otherwise laid down

4. Where standing position is not possible lying position without rest is permissible.

5. Qualifying standards will be as per details given below :–

HPS MM Ist Class SS Remarks

Infantry trained soldiers 105 79 67 52 MM—75%

Other arms and services trained soldiers 1st Class –64%

75 56 48 38 SS—50%

292

293

SHORT RANGE COURSE LMG

This course will be fired by personnel of all arms and services in the 2nd year of service except byAMC .

Practice Practice Target Range in Rounds Instructions Scoring Remarks number metres

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

(h)

1. Grouping (Single LMG Screen 22.86 m 10 (a) Two groups of 5 rou- Nilround) nds each to be fired

(b) Each group to be examined before firing the next one 2. Grouping (Brust) Do 22.86 m 10 One group of 10 rounds Nil to be fired in brusts of

2/3 rounds each

3. Deliberate 30.4 cm x 30.4 cm 22.86 m 5 Practice to be fired from Bull and inner—3

points

(Single Round) Target lying position Magpie—2 pointOuter — 1 point

4. Deliberate 30.4 cm x 30.4 cm 22.86 m 10 (a) Practice to be fired HPS –15 points

(brust) Target from lying position Bull & inner—2points Magpie & Outer—1point

(b) Brusts of 2 or 3 rounds to be fired HPS —30 points

Total 35

294

295

(CLASSIFICATION COURSE LMG)

This course will be fired by personnel of all arms and services in the 2nd year of service except AMC

.

Practice Practice Target Range in Rounds Instructions Scoring Remarks number metres

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

(h)

1. Deliberate Fig 11 with 2 rect- 91.440 m 5 (a) Position lying Inner rectangle—3 points

angles inner size Outer rectangle—2 points 15.2 cm x 20.25 cm Any where else on target –1 point Outer size 30.4 cm (b) Hits will be signalled HPS –15 points

x 40.5 cm 2. Snapshooting Fig 11 182.880 m 5 (a) To be fired from a fire trench 3 points per hit HPS — 15 points (b) LMG will be on the shoulders throughout

(c) 6 exposures of 4 secs each. First exposure to be a trial exposure

(d) Hits will be signalled 3. Snapshooting Fig 12 182.880 m 5 As per practice 2 As per practice 2 4. Timed Brusts 2 x Fig 12 182.880 m 20 (a) Position standing in I point per hit

(Sustained fire) (2 magazine fire trenchof 10 rds each) (b) Brust of 2/3 rounds HPS –20 points will be fired. Penaltyfor firing single round (except for reasons of stoppage and the last round in the magazine) will be minus one point.

(c) Targets to be exposed for 50 secs. Total 35

296

297

NOTES : 1. This course will be fired twice, first as instructional and then as classification as per details given below :–

(a) Infantry men in second year of service– Whole course

(b) Other arms and services men in second year of service Practice 1, 2 and 3.

(c) LMG Nos, 1, 2 and 100% Reserve of departmental units holding LMGs –do—

2. Classification standard will be as given below :–

HPS MM 1st Class SS Remarks

Infantry 65 45 36 29 MM 70 %

Other arms and service including depart- 1st Class 56%

mental units 45 32 25 20 SS 44%

298

299

TRAINED SOLDIER CLASSIFICATION COURSE (LMG)

This course will be fired by trained soldiers of all arms and services in the 3rd and subsequent year of service except AMC .

Practice Practice Target Range in Rounds Instructions Scoring Remarks number metres

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

(h)

1. Deliberate One 1.22 m in tar- 182.880 m 5 (a) Position lying Bull and Inner—3

point

(Single round) get with Fig 12 Sup- (b) Each shot will be sig- Magpei—2 points

crimposed in the nalled. Outer —1 point

centre. HPS —15 points

2. Deliberate –do– 182.880 m 10 (a) Position standing in As per practice 1

(brusts) fire trench.

(b) Ammunition in one magazine.

(c) Penalty for each single round fired except the last round 2 points.

(d) MPI of each brust to be signalled.

3. Snapshooting Fig 12 182.880 m 5 (a) Position standing in 3 points per hit (single round) fire trench HPS –15 point

(b) Five exposures of 5 secs each.

4. Snapshooting Two Fig 11 274.320 m 10 (a) Position standing in 1 point per hit (single round) fire trench Maximum of 5 hits on any one target will count

(b) Five exposures of 8 secs each. HPS –10 point

(c) Both the targets will be engaged separately in each exposure.Single round will be fired.

300

301

(a) (b) (c) (d) (e) (f) (g)

(h)

5. Timed distribut- Three Fig 11 targets 274.320 m 30 (a) Pair in lying position 1 point per hit ed Brusts mounted on target (in two behind the gun, 10 yds

(sustained fir- frame magazines) behind the firing point, HPS –30 points ing) gun ready for action. Sight set at 200.

(b) Targets will be exposed for 50 secs.

(c) The appearance of the target will be the signal for the LMG irer to move to the firing point, take lying position, adjust the sights and engage the targets.

(d) No 2 will assist No 1 in observation of fire and changing magazines and clearing stoppages.

(e) Penalty for each single round fired will be 3 points. The last brust may be of single round which will not be penalised.

(f) A pair firing in turn will complete the practice in two details on separate sets of targets.

(g) No signals.

6. Deliberate 1 Fig 11 457.200 m 10 (a) This practice will be 1 point per hit

(single round) fired during night

(b) Position lying HPS –10 point

(c) Targets will be illuminated at the butt.

Total 70

302

303

NOTES : 1. The LMG Classification Course will be fired twice, first as instructional and then as classification as per details below:–

(a) Infantry Trained Soldiers — Whole course.

(b) Trained Soldiers of other arms and services — Practice 1 to 3 and 6.

(c) LMG Nos 1 and 2 and 100% reserve of departmental units holding LMG. —do—

2. All timings will be kept at the firing point for the first instructional firing and at the butt for the second firing for

classification.

3. Where standing position is not possible lying position without rest is permissible.

4. Classification standard will be as per details given below :-

HPS MM 1st Class SS Remaks

Infantry 95 67 53 42 MM 70%

1st Class 56%

Other arms, service and departmental 55 39 30 24 SS 44%

304

‘D’ –MACHINE CARBINE STEN

(For instructional and Classification Procedure see footnote)

To be fired in the 2nd and subsequent years by all personnel armed with the STEN who have exercised in the

Rifle as Recruits.

Targets—All figures targets for the STEN COURSE have an outer rectangle inscribed upon them measuring 0.405 mm

(16 in.) (Vertically) by 0.304 mm (12”) (horizontally)

Inside this rectangle is another measuring 101 x 50 mm (4 in x 2 in.). To assist concentration in the early stages there

is (25.4 x 25.4 mm) (1” x 1 in) in black patch centrally inside the (0.101 x 0.50 mm) (4” x 2”) rectangle. This black

patch is removed after practice.

Scoring 101 mm x 50 mm (4” x 2”) rectangle 10 points

405 mm x 304 mm(16”x12”) rectangle 8 points Kills

Remainder of target 5 points Wounds

No Practice Object Target Range Rds Method Per Score

Remarks

HPS MM 1st SS

Cl

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

12

1. FEEL OF To accustom the firer One Fig 2 9.14 m 4 The change lever, 40 30 20 10

THE to ‘hold’ against the (10 yds) if lifted, is set at MACHINE force of the main “single” shot. Four CARBINE spring driving the deliberately aimed  iring mechanism rounds are taken

forward. from the shoulder,the gun being lowwered between shots. The instructor will stress that the LEFT hand is the master hand with all machines Car305

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

12

1. FEEL OF bines (differing THE from rifle shooting MACHINE where the right CARBINE—Contd. hand must be the master one), both to give direction muzzle and to counteract the action

of the main spring throwing the muzzle out of alignment.

2. SALOON This practice is meant Playing cards 7.31 m *6 With the Machine 60 50 40 30 Hit on the

SHOOT- to remove any dou- pinned on (8 yds) Change Carbine, the 6 shots card 10 ING bts about the gun, any suitable lever, are fired from the points..Hit

and to prove its target. A (Where shoulder, the gun in the rectefficiency. pencilled fitted) being lowered betangle 5 rectangle is at single ween shots. All points. made 25.4 shot. playing cards should

mm(1”) out- be signed by the side each instructor present, edge of the and handed to the card. firer as a personnel record.

3. THE To practice the One Fig 4.572 *4 The firer assumes, the 40 30 20 10 BATTLE Battle Crouch, and No 2 m Change Battle Crouch with CROUCH teach that the (5 yds) lever his loaded weapon.

306 gun should be held at single He directs the nuzvery firmly during shot. zle towards the firing and to keep centre of the rect- Machine Carbine angle and “squeezcentrally aligned es off” one shot.

on the centre of the Any error is correcrectangle, and at ted and the second the same time to shot taken. The reovercome the force maining two shots of the mainspring. are fired repidly to

test the firer’s ability to control the weapon. The gun will be cocked after each shot.

4. MACHINE To practise correct 3 Fig No 2 6.4 m 6 The firer assumes the 60 50 40 30 CARBINE and quick footwork (spaced (7 yds) Battle Crouch pos-IN ACTION thereby ensuring 1.83 m ition with his loadthat when engaging (2 yds) ed weapon, (change a number of targets a part lever at single shot), the muzzle of the directed on the cenweapon   s always tre of the rectangle truly directed on of the right hand the centre of each. target. He fires one round at each target working from right to left and then one round at  each from left to  right.Correct footwork is essential between each shot so that the body is pivoted to bring the muzzle on to the centre of the next target.

5. THE To explain and pra- One fig No 2 7.315 *10 The Battle Crouch 100 90 80 70

Penalty for INDIAN ctisce of always lay- m *In position is adopted each double HARing the change lever (8 yds) One maga- and the ten rounds shot 5 poi307 MONIUM at “Automatic”. To zine fired singly. This nts off the practise the firing can be accomplishtotal score, of single shots at ed fairly easily if the and for triwill, thereby ensur- trigger finger is  ple shot 10 ing ammunition employed as if

points. control, gun con- inplucking a guitar string trol, and a reserve The object is to fire of fire power. a single shot. One double shot may be  forgiven, nothing more.

6. THE ROLL To test the mastery Six Fig No 2 7.315 *10 As in serial 5 but the 100 90 80 70 Scoring OF HONOUR of the Machine spaced at m *In one firer is required to within the Carbine as regards 914m (1 yd’s) (8 yds) magazine fire a single shot at rectangle control combined interval in a each target. only. Score with correct foot- straight line. — 60, Bowork. nus of 10 points for each round.

308 over 6 saved. HPS 40 points. BPS 100. A possible places the  firer on the “Roll of Honour”.

7. FIRING Training to shoot One Fig. No 2 Between 4 A suitable breast- 40 30 20 10 MACHINE from both should- 27.482 work of sandbags CARBINE ers when firing round m representing the

ROUND cover, thereby en- (30 yds) two corners of a COVER suring the maxi- building is erected RIGHT mum protection to x 45.720 or alternatively a AND LEFT the firer. m tree may be used.

HANDED. (50 yds) Two single aimed rounded with change lever at automatic will be fired round the right and two rounds the left of the cover, the weapon being in the right and left shoulders

respectively. Total 44 440 370 300 230

N.B.—- All the practices in the above Machine Carbine Crouch will be fired once for Instructional purposes consequtively previous to firing them consecutively for classification.

309

310

‘E’ REVOLVER

To be fired in the 2nd & subsequent years by all personnel armed with the revolver who have been exercised in the Rifle as Recruits (For Instructional Classification procedure see footnote)

No Practice Object Target Range Rds Method Per Score Remarks HPS MM 1st SSCl

1. THE QUICK AND Close Quarter Bat- Fig 6 9.15m 6 The firer fires three THE DEAD. tle, speed must be No 2 or 3 (10 yds) rounds, at one each combined with ac- of the six figure curacy. There are target. He then only two kinds of changes hands and Gunmen—the quick feet and fires three and the Dead. rounds, one each at the remaining three figure targets. The revolver will be  cocked after each shot.

Before the rounds are fired, the firer is given an empty revolver rehearsal against the stop watch, to test his time sense.

311

Time—should not count against the scoring: but the firer should be timed to beat 30 seconds.

2. SALOON This practice is de- Playing cards 7.32 m 6 The revolver is held 60 50 40 30 Hit on the SHOOTING signed to remove pinned on (8 yds) in the right hand

card 10 any doubts about any suitable with straight arm points. the revolver and to target. A and raised verti- hit prove its efficiency. pencilled cally to the target, in

the rectangle is after a preliminary rectanglemade 25.4mm check without firing, 5 points the revolver is low-

(1”) outside ered some six inches each edge and cocked. It is then of the card. raised and “squezed off” on the mark. This is repeated five

times. All playing cards should be signed and dated by the instructor present, and, handed to the firer as a personal record.

3. SALOON This practice is de- Playing cards 7.32m 6 The revolver is held 60 50 40 30 Hit on the

SHOOTING signed to remove pinned on (8 yds) in the right hand card 10 any doubts about any suitable with a straight arm points.

the revolver and target. A and raised vertically Hit on to prove its efficiency. pencilled to the target, after the rectangle is a preliminary check

rectangle made 25.4 without firing, the 5 points mm (1”) out- revolver is lowered side each some six inches and edge of the cocked. It is then

card. raised and “squeezed off” on the mark.

312

313

This is repeated five  times. All playing cards should be signed  and dated by the instructor present, and handed to the firer as a personal record.

4. THE To practise the One Fig. No. 2 4.57m 4 The firer assumes the 40 30 20 10

BATTLE Battle Crouch, and Battle Crouch with

CROUCH especially to teach that (5 yds) his loaded weapon.

the revolver should He directs the muzbe

held very firmly zle towards the cenduring

firing in tre of the rectangle

order to avoid the and “squeezes off”

pulling down of the one shot. Any error

wrist by the revolver. is corrected and the

second shot is taken.

The remaining two

shots are fired rapidly

to test the firer’s

ability to control the

weapon. The Revolver

will be cooked

after each shot.

5. THE The teaching of the 3 Fig No 2 7.32 m 6 The six rounds will 60 50 40 30

REVOL- importance of foot spaced at (8 yds) be fired from the

VER IN work to aid the 1.828m Battle Crouch posi-

ACTION sense of direction. (2 yds) tion cocking the

interval in a revolver for each

straight line. shot. The body must

Three shots be pivoted each time

to be taken so that the belt bucright

to left, kle, left-toe, revolver

and three and target are in line.

left to right.

314

315

6. TWO GUN Uplifts morale. The 2 Fig No 2 3.657m 6(3 for Instructor explains 60 50 40 30

SHOOTING firer learns to use 1.37 m(1.30 (4 yds) each) three essential points

a revolver in both yds) apart(no 5.03m viz:–

hands simultaneously blank (5 yds) (a) Don not try impothat

he is and patches). 6.4 m ssible angles.

repidly becoming a (7 yds) (b) Keep the wrist

master of the weapon. rigid.

(c) Look BETWEEN

the targets when

firing.

The firer loads one

revolver with 3

rounds.

The instructor similarly

loads the other

revolver, and

hands it to the firer.

The firer assumes the

Battle Crouch position,

cocks, both

revolvers, levels them,

looks between the

targets and “squeezes

off” both revolvers

simultaneously. Facing

the targets, the

firer steps back one

and a half spaces,

cocksand ‘squeezes

off” both revolvers

simultaneously.

He steps back another

one and a half paces

and repeats.

The instructor explains

that as the range was

increased a narrowing

angle of fire was

produced which can

be corrected by na316

317

rrowing the forearm

angle, but must never

be attempted by

bending the wrist.

7. BLIND To teach the impor- One fig 2.74 m 3 The firer adopts the 30 20 10 ….

FOLD tance of the strictly No 2 (3 yds) prone position. The SHOOTING vertical raise and elbows should be the common error well forward from the

of bending the wrist. body. The revolver is gripped by the two

handed method.The weapon is cocked and raised to the target, the elbows rested on the ground, and the revolver sighted on the centre

of the rectangle. It will be then lowered. The firer now lowers his head, raises the revolver and “squeezes off” one round without locking. This is is repeated twice.

8. SHIPING Training to shoot over One Fig No 2 Between 3 A breast work of 30 20 10

OVER cover. 27.432 sandbags with a sand-

COVER m and bag kneeling

45.720 rest is corrected to

m 30 represent a low wall

and 50 or earth on bank.

yds).

The firer will take up a

kneeling position behind the breastwork,resting his elbows on it and holding the revolver with the twohanded, grip as in practice “Blindfold

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shooting”. He will sight his revolver on the target and “squeeaes off” three shots.

Total 36.576m 400 320 240 160

(49 yds)

N.B.—All the practices in this Course will be fired once for instructional purposes prior to firing them for classification.

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F-36 GRENADE

For Recruits (in their 1st year) of all Arms-

Training with drill grenades only, including throwing safety Precaution (see AO 33/ of 47).Each recruit to fire one drill grenade.

For Trained Soldiers (in their 2nd year) Inf and Engrs units only).

Instruction in the use of live grenades including safety precautions.

For Trained Soldiers (in their 3rd and subsequent years) Infand Engr units only).

Safety precautions.

*Selected personnel (upto 10 per cent of unit) to throw one live grenade.

*Selected personnel (upto 10 percent of unit) to fire one live grenade.

*Need not be same personnel.

‘G’ 2 IN MORTAR

For 2 in Mortar numbers in their 1st year as such-

(a) Preliminary instruction and drill in the use of the 2 in Mortar including the safety precautions as laid in AO

33/S of 1947.

For Mortar numbers in their 2nd and 3rd years as such—

(b) Practice in direct and indirect firing (high and low angle) Bombs per number annually-HE/smoke 3/3.

For Mortar numbers in their 4th and subsequent years as

such-

(c) Practice in direct and indirect firing (high and low angle) Bombs per number annually-HE.

(d) When an adequate individual standard has been reached—

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(i) Mortar detachment will be practised annually on a Field Firing Range with HE Bombs in simple controlled fire problems.

(ii) They will also be practised in laying a smoke screen (Cross-wind) Bomb per number annually =

4 HE* & 4 smoke*.

*Armoured Corps will fire 5 per cent only of the total unit allotment.

‘H’—3 IN MORTAR

For 3 in Mortar numbers in their 1st, 2nd and 3rd year as such—

(a) Preliminary instruction and drill in the use of the 3 in mortar including the safety precautions as laid down in AOs 1772 of 43 and 33/S of 47.

For 3 in Mortar numbers in their 4th & subsequent years—

(b) Individual practice in firing at static target. Bombs per number –3 HE

(c) When adequate individual standards have been reached,

detachments may be practiced in the following:–

Part I—

(a) Object— To exercise untrained fire-controllers in ranging and mortar numbers in handling live ammunition.

(b) Conduct— The motor to be within easy voice control of the Observation post.Only simple target to be engaged.On conclusion of practice orders given to be discussed by

the Platoon Commander with all spectating fire Controllers still to be exercised. Similarly the Platoon Havildar will point out to spare mortar number mistakes made.

Fire Controller and detachment numbers to be changed round after each shoot.

5 HE Bombs to be allotted to each Fire Controller.

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Part II—

(a) Object— To neutralize small areas and targets.

or

To screen areas with smoke. (Each under service conditions)

(b) Conduct— Shoots to be controlled by Non-Commissioned Officers of the Platoons. A simple tactical situation must be given to the Fire Controller by the Platoon Commander and after each shoot the latter will comment on—

(i) Position of Observation Post and of Base Plate.

(ii) Occupation of position.

(iii) Engagement of target.

A senior Non-Commissioned Officer will comment on work of Detachment on conclusion. 5 HE or smoke Bombs to each Fire controller.

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J—M 9-AI

For personnel armed with the M 9-AI projector 1st and 2nd years training (a) Preliminary instruction and drill in fitting the Projector and in the use and firing of grenades including safety instructions and precaution vide Ass 69/S of 44 and 33/S of 47. 3rd Year training

(b) As for (a) above and in addition to fire the following practices :–

COURSE WITH DRILL GRENADES

No. Practice Target Range No. Detail Remarks

of

Gren

1. Stationary Any suitable target such as a 36.58m 2 One grenade will be fired lying The object of this practice is 1.83m(6 feet) target may be (40 yds) behind cover, the other stand- to show the accuracy

of the used. A dark strip 305 mm (1 ing in a slit trench. grenade when firing with the foot) in width should be pasted special sight. across the middle of the target to represent a bunker slit.

2. Crossing tank Any suitable screen target, re- 36.58m 2 One grenade will be fired lying For reason of safety the towing presenting the side of a tank (40 yds) behind cover, the other stand- rope must be at least

45.720m may be used, mounted on a ing in a slit trench. The sledge (50 yards) long. A hit anysledge. will be towed from left to right where on the target is the reand

back again at a approxi- quired standard. The diffimately 15 miles per hour. The culty of firing at a  moving  firer will judge his own time target in the laying position

to fire. must be impressed upon firers. 4th & subsequent years training (c) As for (b) above and in addition

COURSES WITH LIVE GRENADES

3. Stationary Any suitable target, such as a 36.58m 1 The firer will be in a slit trench A definite aiming mark should be piece of plate, an old vehicle, (40 yds) and protected by sandbag cover marked on the target in order a wall or a bank may be used. to judge accuracy.

4. Stationary Any suitable target, such as a 64 m 1 The firer will be in a slit trench As above. piece of plate, an old vehicle, (70 yds) and procted by sandbag a wall or a bank may be used. cover.

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