The Ministry of Mines is responsible for policy in relation to mineral wealth of the country (excepting coal and petroleum minerals and atomic minerals), and for the regulation of mines and minerals to the extent provided by legislation of Parliament. The guiding legislation in this respect is the Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation) Act, 1957. The Ministry has under its administrative control the Geological Survey of India (GSI), a 158 year old institution headquartered at Kolkata and the Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) headquarters at Nagpur. The Ministry of Mines is also the administrative Ministry for three Public Sector Undertakings, viz. National Aluminium Corporation Limited (NALCO), Hindustan Copper Limited (HCL) and Mineral Exploration Corporation Limited (MECL).
The Geological Survey of India (GSI) was set up in I85l, initially with the objective of locating coal for the railways. GSI over the years has expanded its role to undertake investigation of the geological set up of the country, including assessment and regional level exploration for coal and other mineral resources. GSI’s activities may be grouped as ‘Geoscientific baseline data’ which includes geological surveys and mapping; ‘Mineral Resource Assessments’’ which includes ferrous and nonferrous minerals, coal & lignite etc. ‘Special Studies’ which includes Natural hazards studies, Climatic studies, Geotechnical studies etc, and ‘Geoinformatics’ which include publication of Maps and Reports and generation of spatial information through GIS and related software for a variety of applications in developmental and regulatory situation as well in the commercial sphere.
Under the National Mineral Policy (NMP) 2008, Geological Survey of India remains the principal agency for geological mapping and regional mineral resources assessment of the country. The NMP seeks to ensure that GSI programmes are prioritized in line with the national policy goals and are chalked out after taking into account the exploration work undertaken by the private sector for which the existing arrangement of programme formulation through the Central Geological Programming Board (CGPB) would be revamped. NMP envisages strengthening the Geological Survey of India with manpower, equipment and upgraded skill sets.
The Indian Bureau of Mines (IBM) established in 1948, is a multi-disciplinary government organisation under the Department of Mines, Ministry of Mines, engaged in promotion of conservation, scientific development of mineral resources and protection of environment in mines other than coal, petroleum & natural gas, atomic minerals and minor minerals. From a small beginning as a purely advisory body, the IBM has emerged into a premier national organisation involved deeply into the various aspects of the mineral industry. The current functions of IBM include promoting conservation of mineral resources by way of inspection of mines, geological studies, scrutiny and approval of mining plans and mining schemes, conducting environmental studies and environment related activities, evolving technologies for up gradation of low grade ores and identifying avenues for their utilisation, preparation of feasibility reports for mining and beneficiation projects , preparation of minerals maps and National Mineral Inventory of minerals resources; providing technical consultancy services to mineral industry, and functioning as a data bank for mines and minerals, and preparing of technical and statistical publications. Headed by the Controller General, IBM has six technical divisions with its head quarters at Nagpur. There is a Modern Mineral Processing Laboratory and Pilot Plant established with the assistance of United Nations Development Programme at Nagpur. IBM has 3 Zonal Offices, 12 Regional Offices and 2 Sub-Regional Offices, 2 Regional Ore Dressing Laboratories and Pilot Plants spread over the Country.
GSI AND IBM: A BRIEF HISTORY
1821 First Geological Map of parts of India was of Hyderabad region by Dr H. W. Voysey
1840 Museum of Geology established in Calcutta in three rooms of Asiatic Society of Bengal
1846 D. H. Williams of British Geological Survey appointed geologic advisor to the East India Company for the purpose of carrying out geological survey of three coal bearing districts. He developed a number of deposits in Raniganj, Jharia and Karanpura coal fields.
1851 Thomas Oldham arrived in Calcutta on 4th March and took charge of office on 5th March, 1851, which marks the establishment of the Geological Survey of India.
1854-55H. B. Medlicott establishes three fold subdivision of the Vindhyans
1857 H. B. Medlicott surveys Himalayan Ranges between Ravi and Ganges and lays down the foundation of Himalayan Geology.
1858-60 Geological map of the Ranigunj coal fields by W. L. Wilson published. This is the first geological map of 1″ = 1 Mile published by the Geological Survey of India.
1860 J. G. Medlicott recognises three principal subdivisions of the coal bearing series and applied the names Talcher, Damuda and Mahadevas.
1873 Ram Singh becomes the first Indian to join Geological survey of india (as an apprentice)
1877 Geological Gallery in the new Indian Museum was thrown open to public on January 1
1892 Geology Classes started in Presidency College, Calcutta with T. H. Holland as the first part time professor of Geology.
1911 Revised Geological Map of India in 1″= 32 Mile scale was published under H. H. Hayden
1921-33 E. H. Pascoe’s “Manual of Geology of India” published in four volumes
Some of the major memoirs published in the period 1921-35:
- C. S. Fox’s memoir on the Gondwana system and the lower Gondwana coalfields of India
- E. R. Gee: Geology and coal reserves of Ranigunj Coalfields
- J. B. Auden’s Vindhyan Sedimentaion in the Son Valley
- H. C. Jones Iron Ore deposits of Bihar and Orissa.
- L. L. Fermor’s Mineral Resources of Central Provinces of Bihar and Orissa.
- D. N. Wadia’s Geology of Poonch State (Kashmir) and Syntaxis of the Northwest Himalaya
Indian Bureau of Mines was set up on 1st March, 1948. Initially IBM functioned purely as an advisory body. It helped government in framing various rules like Mines & Minerals (Regulation & Development) Act, 1948, Mineral Concession Rules, 1949 and Petroleum Concession Rules, 1949.IBM was given a set of functions in 1950 and in accordance with it, the inspection of mines and mineral prospects became a regular activity. By 1953 IBM was given an additional function of undertaking detailed exploration of mineral deposits. Among the minerals explored by IBM were Iron Ore, Limestone, Dolomite, Coal, Copper, and Tungsten. Later Mineral Conservation & Development Rules, 1955 and Mining Leases (Modification of Terms), 1956 were framed. An ore dressing laboratory was set up at Delhi in 1955. With the passage of time the activities of IBM grew in depth and extent like Technical Consultancy and preparation of mineral maps leading to complete inventory of mineral resources. With its pool of mining engineers, geologists and ore dressing engineers it covered a wide variety of needs of the mining industry. Various publications related to mining and mineral industries were brought out. Offices were set up in the different parts of the country close to major mining centers. In the last decade, with the change in the policy of Government, two very important activities were undertaken by IBM. The first being the processing and approval of mining plans and schemes of mining for all the mines in the country and second one being the implementation of rules for the protection of environment . IBM accepted this challenge and has been successful in promoting the awareness about protection of environment in the mines through the “Mines Environment & Conservation Week”. IBM also started imparting training to the industry personnel in the preparation of mining plans and also in the other fields. Modern Mineral Processing Laboratory, Analytical Laboratory and Pilot Plants were set up at Nagpur, Ajmer and Bangalore.IBM lost no time in realising the potential of information technology and entered into the agreement with BRGM of France in setting up “Mineral Resources Intelligence System” and “Technical Management Information System” in HQ and its 3 zonal & 12 regional offices. In a nutshell, the IBM has been able to promote awareness amongst all sections of the mining industry, necessity and advantages of systematic mining and conservation of minerals and protection of environment.. The results of its ore dressing investigations have formed the basis of new commercial beneficiation plants and thus enlarged the mineral resource base. The IBM’s clientele seeking technical consultancy covers a wide spectrum of small and large mines and many public sector organisations. IBM has been able to provide useful information to the industry through its publications and has been recognised as the Mines and Minerals Data Bank of the country.
FUNCTIONS OF GSI AND IBM
The New Charter of Functions of Indian Bureau of Mines is as follows:
- To promote systematic and scientific development of mineral resources of the country (both onshore and offshore)
- To approve mining plans, schemes and mine closure plans having regard to conservation of minerals and protection of environment.
- To collect, collate and maintain database on exploration, prospecting, mines and minerals and to bring out publications / bulletins highlighting the problems and prospects of mining industry.
- To play a pro-active role in minimising adverse impact of mining on environment by undertaking environmental assessment studies on regional basis.
- To conduct suo moto techno-economic field studies in mining , geology, mineral processing and environmental aspects including analysis of ore and minerals and to promote R & D activities in these areas.
- To provide technical consultancy services on promotional basis within the country and abroad in the field of mining , geology, mineral processing and environment.
- To provide training to the scientific, technical and other cadres of the department and persons from the mining industry and other agencies for human resource development.
- To advise the Government on matters in regard to the mineral industry , relating to environment protection and pollution control, export and import policies, trade, mineral legislation, fiscal incentives and related matters.
- To promote awareness about conservation , systematic and scientific development of mineral deposits and protection of environment including restoration and rehabilitation of mined out areas through exhibitions and audiovisual media.
10. To promote and monitor community development activities in the mining areas.
11. To undertake any such other activity as may become necessary in the light of the developments in the field of geology, mining, mineral beneficiation and environment.
GSI: COMPENDIUM OF ACTIVITIES
- Systematic Geological Mapping
- Specialised Thematic Mapping
- Geochemical Mapping
- Geophysical Mapping
- Aero geophysical Mapping
Offshore Survey and Exploration
- Systematic Survey of Exclusive Economic Zone and beyond
- Systematic Survey of Territorial Waters
- Mineral Resource Survey
- Coastal Environment Survey
- Legal Continental Shelf Survey
- Recognition and mapping of magnetic and gravity anomalies in sea bed
- Marine Geo-techniques
Mineral and Energy Resources Exploration
Engineering Geology and Geotechnical Investigations
- Hydroelectric and Irrigation projects
- Communication Projects
- Gas and oil pipelines
- Slope stability
- Land subsidence
- Water Resources Development projects like irrigations, hydel power etc.
- Communication projects, particularly road/rail alignment in mountain regions and bridges
- Engineering constructions and miscellaneous projects
- Geotechnical evaluation of major river basins.
Geoenvironmental and Fragile Ecosystem
- Land use capability
- Urban Geology
- Agro-geology including rapid top soil erosion
Geo-environmental Studies include
- Environmental resource appraisal
- Studies on environmental impact, mitigation of effects of urban development
- Global change programme
Shallow Subsurface Geology
- Regolith Geology
- Shallow Subsurface Geology and Drilling up to 300 metres
- Drill Core Library and Documentation of cores
Geology of Water Resources
- Glaciological Studies
- Major Geo-hydrological Cycles
- Water Quality Assessment
- Response of water regimes of climate change
- Problems of Seawater Incursion
- Seismology, Seismotectonics and Seismic Microzonation
- Active Fault Studies
- Seismic microzonation studies of major urban/industrial complex
- Observational seismology for earthquake monitoring
- Landslides, Landslide Zonation and Avalanches
- Floods and palaeo-floods, Coastal Zone Hazards
- Studies on volcanism
Studies on geological health-hazards (arsenic, fluoride in ground water) and medical geology.
Research & Development
- Crustal Evolution
- Geodynamics of Indian Plate and its consequences
- Climate change and responses of Environmental System-past and future
- Deep continental studies including deep drilling
- Evolution of sedimentary basins through space and time
- High resolution stratigraphy and Palaeo-biology
- Geomorphology, Quaternary geology, neo-tectonics, Palaeo-seismology
- Meteorites and extra-terrestrial material
- Geosciences instrumentation
- Studies in Antarcticas.
Information Services and Education
- Development and dissemination of geo-scientific databases
- Map Compilation
- R&D partnerships with academic institutions and laboratories
- Public Awareness and school education Programme
- Soft Copy Conversion of Reports and Maps
- Map compilation and Printing
- Customisation of data packages
- Participation in ‘National Spatial Data Infrastructure’ (NSDI)
- Creation of Organizational Information Infrastructure involving GSI Intranet and Enterprise Information Portal
- Curatorial Activity
- Technical Consultancy
- Business Development
- Commercial ventures and partnerships in India and abroad
Human Resource Development
- Departmental Training Programme
- Extra Departmental Training
- Training abroad for nucleating groups in challenging thrust areas and priority areas
- Training of outsiders in GSI
- Organization of International Symposium
- Participation in IGCP
- Bilateral Correlation Programme
- Geo-scientific Study in Antarctica
- Property Statement Returns
- Addressal of Complaints
- Review and Monitoring
GSI: The GSI with the Director General as its head functions under the Ministry of Mines (MOM). The Director General has the overall responsibility of planning, programming, financial and material management of the organisation. The responsibility of overall monitoring of scientific activities, dissemination of information and advice to Govt., public and private entrepreneurs also rests with the Director General. There are six Regions (geographically based), three specialised Wings (activity based) and Training Institute, besides the Central Headquarters. The Senior Deputy Directors General/Deputy Directors General are at the helm of affairs in these Regions/Wings.
Besides having functional Units in the respective headquarters, each of the Regions comprises State based Operational Units. The specialised Wings also comprise sector wise functional Units in addition to the headquarters set-up. The Training Institute, located at Hyderabad, has satellite-training centres in different parts of the country.
The primary functions of collecting the basic geological information is carried out by GSI through its Divisions/Projects. Clusters of such Divisions and Projects, normally headed by Directors are located at the Regional and Operational offices and in many outlying stations, totalling 33 cities/towns in the country. These Divisions/Projects are manned by scientific officers, who constitute the field parties actually engaged in data collection at the ground level and in laboratories, synthesis and preparation of reports and publications.
The support activities to the geological investigations are provided by complementary divisions like geophysics, chemistry, drilling, mechanical engineering, materials management, finance and administration. Each of these establishments is based at Regional or Operational offices.
JURISDICTION OF ZONAL OFFICES:
|Central||Bhubaneshwar, Jabalpur, Kolkata (Guwahati sub-region), Nagpur, Ranchi|
|North||Ajmer, Dehradun, Udaipur|
|South||Bangalore, Chennai, Goa, Hyderabad|
Through its existence of more than 155 years, Geological Survey of India has gathered immense expertise regarding various aspects of geoinformation management and has generated voluminous amount of geoscientific data through its relentless field surveys and laboratory studies. GSI disseminates these information in the form of maps, publications and unpublished reports. GSI had always catered to the needs of the Govt. departments /enterprises, academicians and public entrepreneurs in the mineral, industrial, infrastructure, urban and environmental planning sectors.
The opening up of the mineral and mining sectors following the announcement of New Mineral Policy and amendment of MMDR Act, 1993 by the Govt. of India had resulted in burgeoning interest of national and multinational companies in the Indian mineral sector. Moreover, the last two decades saw a large number of infrastructural projects seeking geotechnical input from GSI. Consequently, the demand for quality geoscientific services increased manifold. GSI promptly responded to this new challenging scenario and donned the garb of a facilitator in the mineral development sector in addition to its primary responsibility of generation and upkeep of geoscientific database of the country. The commercial arm of GSI, the Technical Consultancy Services (TCS) divisions were thus set up in GSI, first at the Central Headquarters in 1993 and subsequently in the Regional Headquarters.
The mandate of TCS division is to liaison / negotiate with sponsors / clients, prepare MoUs for collaborative / sponsored programmes, evaluate and price the existing technical (unpublished) reports, maps and other databases, either on the basis of approved Schedule of Charges or on the basis of actual expenditure incurred by the department. Monitoring of the Internal Resources Generation by GSI is also attended by the TCS divisions. The Regional TCS divisions perform a similar role within their jurisdiction.
GSI provides technical consultancy, data and services to prospective investors and agencies, both national and multinational on different commodities and aspects. (Data on the restricted areas are provided subject to the clearance from Ministry of Defence/ Survey of India as per instruction of the GOI).
Technical Consultancy: T.C. Division is headed by the Controller of Mines and is located at Nagpur. It offers Technical Consultancy services to mining industry in surveying, exploration, geology, mining feasibility studies and environment related issues. With the sole objective of promoting the development of mineral industry very nominal fees are charged for consultancy assignments with special concession to small entrepreneurs..The division is well equipped with trained personnel and latest computer facilities (SURPAC-2000 and Arc-Info) for deposit evaluation, project costing, and financial analysis etc.
Mining Research: The Mining Research Cell undertakes research investigations on geotechnical projects and environment related issues, both on promotional and consultancy basis.).A mobile environmental monitoring lab with state-of-the-art equipment for air quality measurements is in operation.
Mineral Processing: The Ore Dressing (OD) division has been carrying out R&D studies in the field of Mineral Benificiation since its inception in 1960.
Its Modern Mineral Processing Laboratory , Pilot Plant and Analytical Laboratory Complex establised at Nagpur with the assistance of United Nations Development Programme is well equipped with state-of-the-art facilities to carry out R&D studies in the field of mineral beneficiation, mineral characterisation, analysis of ores, minerals & ore dressing products as well as environmental samples. The Environmental Laboratory is recognised by Central Pollution Control Board & Maharashtra State Pollution Control Board. The Bureau has created region wise facilities in mineral testing, beneficiation & analysis of ores and ores by opening Regional Ore Dressing Laboratories and Pilot Plants at Ajmer and Bangalore which are also well equipped.
The Computerised information, on the following is available with Indian Bureau of Mines.
1. 1. NATIONAL MINERAL INVENTORY
2. 2. ALL – INDIA DIRECTORY OF MINING LEASES
Software Development: The Indian Bureau of Mines has developed databases in collaboration with BRGM, France on mines and minerals. These databases include information on national mineral inventory, mining leases, production from mines and employment, export and import of minerals, consumption of minerals in various industries, technical information regarding working of mines, etc. The Computer Centers of Indian Bureau of Mines located at each regional, zonal and divisional office are connected with each other using wide area network (WAN). These highly sophisticated centers are managed by skilled team of technical personnel.
Training: The Training Centre of Indian Bureau of Mines started functioning from 1st July 1977 on the recommendations of the Committee for Administrative Reforms, Government of India. Till the year 2006-07, Training Centre has conducted 435 In-house & Structured training programmes which includes training for IBM Personnel, Industry Personnel, Foreign Nationals. Also, as per the recommendations of Task Force Report for the Development of Mineral Industry, North Eastern Personnel were imparted on the job training. So far, about 5114 IBM Personnel, 3826 Industry Personnel, 335 North Eastern Personnel and 9 Foreign Nationals were benefited by undertaking various trainings. The Central / State Government Organisations and Undertakings, Major Private Mining Industries and other individuals are the main beneficiaries of trainings
National Mineral Policy: The success of the national mineral policy will depend largely on a national consensus to fulfil its underlying principles and objectives.
The Geological Survey of India is the principal agency for geological mapping and regional mineral resources assessment of the country and its exclusive economic zone and shall be responsible for drawing up action oriented plans in close co-operation with all other agencies engaged in this task. Co-ordination of the exploration work is at present being done by the Central Programming Board of the Geological Survey of India. Policy parameters are generally discussed in the State Ministers Conference, Planning Commission and the Mineral Advisory Council. The existing arrangement shall be reviewed periodically with a view to bringing about co-ordination among the survey and exploration agencies and to ensure planned mineral development.
The national inventory of mineral resources including those of ocean bed will be based on a comprehensive review of exploration data. These along with the relevant geological data and mineral maps shall be maintained and updated from time to time by the Indian Bureau of Mines as per the uses and specifications in industrial and other applications. The Indian Bureau of Mines shall continue to compile and provide access to the latest information in respect of mineral resources in the country available for exploitation and endeavour to convert the physical inventory of mineral resources into resource inventory. A periodical review of the system of classification of inventory of mineral resources shall be carried out incorporating the changes in their industrial and other applications. The grades of various minerals shall be standardised with reference to end use applications and periodically reviewed.
Research organisations, including the National Mineral Processing Laboratories of the Indian Bureau of Mines should be strengthened for development of processes for beneficiation and mineral and elemental analysis of ores and ore dressing products. There shall be co-operation between and co-ordination among all organisations in public and private sector engaged in this task. Research organisations, including the National Mineral Processing Laboratories of the Indian Bureau of Mines should be strengthened for development of processes for beneficiation and mineral and elemental analysis of ores and ore dressing products. There shall be co-operation between and co-ordination among all organisations in public and private sector engaged in this task.
Mines & Minerals(Development & Regulation) Act,1957: The Mines and Minerals (Development and Regulation Act, 1957, (‘MMDR’) and the Mines Act, 1952, together with the rules and regulations framed under them, constitute the basic laws governing the mining sector in India.
Mineral Conservation & Development Rules,1988: Mineral Conservation and Development Rules, 1988 lays down guidelines for ensuring mining on a scientific basis, while at the same time, conserving the environment. The provisions of Mineral Concession Rules and Mineral Conservation and Development Rules are, however, not applicable to coal, atomic minerals and minor minerals.
Mineral Concession Rules, 1960: The Mineral Concession Rules, 1960 outline the procedures and conditions for obtaining a Prospecting Licence or Mining Lease.
Guidelines for submission of returns under MCDR,1988
Proformae of returns to be submitted under MCDR,1988
ABANDONED MINE SITES
IBM had identified abandoned / orphaned mines which had been left un-reclaimed prior to the promulgation of rules about Mine Closure Plan in April, 2003. Through a special study at national level, 297 abandoned mine sites were identified. Out of the 297 abandoned mine sites, IBM identified 106 abandoned mine sites belonging to Public Sector Undertakings, major and other private sector companies requiring reclamation / rehabilitation. Out of the above 106 sites, 22 mine sites become operational again, thus requiring reclamation and rehabilitation in respect of 84 abandoned sites only.
6.1. GSI: Anticorruption measures of the Central Government are the responsibility of 1) Administrative Vigilance Division in D.O.P.T. 2) Central Bureau of Investigation 3) Vigilance Units in the Ministries/Departments of Government of India, Central Public Enterprises and other autonomous organizations, 4) Disciplinary Authorities and 5) The Central Vigilance Commission. The Central Vigilance Commission acts as an apex organization for exercising general superintendence and control over vigilance matters in administration and probity in public life. Vigilance Administration in GSI, a subordinate Department under Ministry of Mines, Government of India, is headed by a Chief Vigilance Officer, who acts as a liaison between the Department and the Central Vigilance Commission, and the Ministry and also between Department and the Central Bureau of Investigation.
The Chief Vigilance Officer in GSI is appointed in consultation with the CVC. The post being an ex-cadre post, senior officers from the Central Govt. Departments are normally appointed on deputation in GSI. The Chief Vigilance Officer heads the Vigilance Administration and acts as an advisor to the Director General, GSI, in all matters pertaining to vigilance. Vigilance functions carried out by the CVO include, collecting intelligence about the corrupt practices committed, or likely to be committed by the employees of the organization, investigating or causing an investigation to be made into verifiable allegations reported to him/her; processing investigation reports for consideration of the Disciplinary authorities referring the matter to the Central Vigilance Commission wherever necessary; taking steps to prevent commissioning improper practices/misconduct etc. Thus, the CVO’s functions can broadly be divided into three parts (i) Preventive vigilance (ii) Punitive vigilance and (iii) Surveillance and detection. While surveillance and punitive action are for commission of misconduct and other malpractices, the preventive measures taken by the CVO are considered more important as these are meant to reduce the number of vigilance cases considerably. Geological Survey of India being an all India organization has six Regional offices, three Operational Wings and one Training Institute, besides Central Headquarters. Vigilance Administration too, is therefore, decentralized and the Regions/Wings/Institute also has one vigilance unit each for effectively carrying out vigilance administration in GSI. While the vigilance set up in CHQ is headed by the CVO, who is assisted by the Vigilance Officer, an Administrative Officer and the Jr. Investigating Officer, in the other regional offices/wings/Institute, it is headed by a part time Vigilance Officer each, who in turn is assigned this job, by the Director General, GSI in consultation with the CVO.
The Vigilance Officers of Regions/Wings/Institute carry out the job of vigilance administration as per the guidelines provide by the CVO. These Vigilance Officers also provide advice to the various Disciplinary Authorities of the respective Regions/Wings/Institute. Following is the list of officers in Vigilance Administration in GSI. The Vigilance Officers of different Regions/Wings/Institute performs their duties as an extension of the office of CVO in their respective regions/wings/institute and in addition work as advisors to the Disciplinary Authorities viz. Dy. DG & HOD for the Gr.-‘C’ employees and RAO/HO for Gr.-‘D’ employees. The CVC provides necessary guidelines for effectively carrying out vigilance administration in Govt. of India department through various circulars/directives.
As per CVC direction any body who has any complaint what so ever regarding corruption in GSI, is free to lodge a complaint to either the CVO, GSI or the DG, GSI or the CVC, New Delhi, in the following address. In case the complainant does not want his/her name to be revealed he/she may request for the same and utmost care shall be taken to conceal his/her identity under the “Public Interest Disclosure Resolution” of the CVC.
IBM is committed to maintain highest standard of ethics and integrity. If anybody of the office asks for bribe or if there is any information on corruption in this office or if anyone is a victim of corruption then a complaint can be lodged.
RECENT CASE LAWS [MCDR 1988](2009-2010):
GANESH BHANDER(35.2H) ADITYA MINERALS & METALS case filed by state of Rajasthan on 10/09/2009 for violation of rules:
Case filed by state of West Bengal against mine owner Kaliabasa Rathindra Nath Sengupta on 16/02/2009 for violation of rules 12(2) and 12(3).
Case filed by State of Uttar Pradesh against the mine owner Goldi Munshiram Chawla on 18/05/2009 for violation of rule 12(3).
Case filed by State of Andhra Pradesh against the mine owner Naltooru on 06/04/2009 for violation of rule 12(3).
Case filed by State of Jharkhand on 29/06/2009 against the mine owner Kunderkocha Gaurav Agarwal for violation of rules 45(1) (a), 12(2) and 12(3).
Case filed by State of Rajasthan against Kusalpura Suresh Chand Jain on 31/08/2009 for violation of rule 12(3).
Case filed by State of Uttar Pradesh against Savitri Munshiram Chawla on 18/05/2009 for violation of rule 12(3).
RIGHT TO INFORMATION ACT IN RELATION TO GSI AND IBM:
Information as required under section (4)(1)(b) of the Right to Information Act, 2005 the particulars of its organisation, functions and duties of IBM and GSI are available to the public as they are obliged to do so being an public organisation.
CONCLUSION AND SUGGESTIONS:
An understanding of the Earth and its geological history is the key to an ecologically sustainable development of the planet’s resources. To have an understanding of the Earth and its system, fundamental research in the fields of petrology, geochronology and isotopegeology, neotectonicsand seismotectonics, palaeontology, stratigraphy, and remotesensing is essential and integrating inputs derived from these fundamental geosciences disciplines is necessary to develop a better assessment of the various processes shaping and affecting the Earth. And the role of GSI & IBM comes into light.
After thoroughly analysing the role of GSI and IBM from a legal perspective and their role of importance in this project certain recommendations is suggested:
To identify critical areas in field of geosciences in short-medium-and long-term periods and develop strategies to enable the challenge to be addressed.
Work out priorities for GSI and IBM over the next 5, 10 and 20 years periods.
Development and utilization of platforms of interaction/collaboration with other national and International organizations
To suggest changes, on continuous basis about infrastructural changes, skill mix and integrative approach to enable GSI and IBM to meet challenges.